Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a reconfigurable all-optical format conversion from optical time-division multiplexing (OTDM) to wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) providing full flexibility in terms of channel spacing and wavelength allocation. The system consists of a Raman amplification-based multiwavelength pulse compressor and a parametric sampling gate. Four conventionally generated WDM 10 GHz pulse trains are compressed at the same time to around 2.5 ps and, then, used for multiwavelength sampling of a 40 Gb/s 3.49 ps OTDM signal. Simultaneous extraction of all four 10 Gb/s tributaries to WDM channels in WDM grid with tunable channel spacing is demonstrated. Controlling time delays among the WDM clock channels makes it flexible to map OTDM tributaries onto any desired wavelength order, which is also called wavelength- and time-selective function. The reconfigurable functions can be realized independently on the coming OTDM signal by simply setting corresponding parameters of the WDM synchronous pulse trains at the terminals. This is also the key for the good overall performance obtained for all demultiplexed channels. Low power penalties below 1.9 and 2.1 dB are achieved with small penalty variations, 0.3 and 0.5 dB, among channels as the OTDM tributaries are converted to WDM grid with spacing of 400 and 200GHz, respectively.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (3)

H. Nguyen Tan, M. Matsuura, N. Kishi, "Parallel WDM signal processing in mixed NRZ and RZ transmission networks using a single optical gate with multiple switching windows," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1-9 (2011).

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2011).

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, S. R. Nuccio, "Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 320-332 (2011).

2010 (7)

K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, "OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Exp. 18, 10282-10288 (2010).

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. C. Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Optical demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8$\,\times\,$40 Gb/s in single parametric gate," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 434-442 (2010).

H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenlowe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel," Opt. Exp. 18, 1438-1443 (2010).

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring of 640 Gbit/s signals using photonic chip based RF spectrum analyzer," Opt. Exp. 18, 3938-3945 (2010).

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenlowe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal," Opt. Exp. 18, 17252-17261 (2010).

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, A. E. Willner, "High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1441-1447 (2010).

H. N. Tan, M. Matsuura, N. Kishi, "Enhancement of input power dynamic range for multiwavelength amplification and optical signal processing in a semiconductor optical amplifier using holding beam effect," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2593-2602 (2010).

2009 (3)

H. N. Tan, M. Matsuura, N. Kishi, "Multiple-channel optical signal processing with wavelength-waveform conversions, pulsewidth tunability, and signal regeneration," Opt. Exp. 17, 22960-22973 (2009).

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, B. J. Eggleton, "Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing," Opt. Exp. 17, 2182-2187 (2009).

M. Matsuura, B. P. Samarakoon, N. Kishi, "Wavelength-shift-free adjustment of the pulsewidth in return-to-zero on-off keyed signals by means of pulse compression in distributed Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 572-574 (2009).

2008 (1)

Ch. Kouloumentas, P. Vorreau, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, I. Tomkos, "All-fiberized dispersion-managed multichannel regeneration at 43 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1854-1856 (2008).

2007 (2)

R. Shankar, M. Florjanczyk, T. J. Hall, A. Vukovic, H. Hua, "Multi-degree ROADM based on wavelength selective switches: Architectures and scalability," Opt. Commun. 279, 94-100 (2007).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennionand, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

2006 (5)

A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).

E. B. Desurvire, "Capacity demand and technology challenges for lightwave systems in the next two decades," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4697-4710 (2006).

P. J. Almeida, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "OTDM add-drop multiplexer based on time-frequency signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2720-2732 (2006).

T. Ohara, H. Takara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, "Over-1000-channel ultradense WDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2311-2317 (2006).

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

J. H. Lee, T. Kogure, D. J. Richardson, "Wavelength tunable 10-GHz 3-ps pulse source using a dispersion decreasing fiber-based a nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 181-185 (2004).

2003 (1)

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: Switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).

2002 (2)

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, K. Kitayama, "Photonic gateway: TDM-to-WDM-to-TDM conversion and reconversion at 40 Gbit/s (4 channels$\,\times\,$10 Gbits/s)," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2810-2816 (2002).

H. Hu, J. Yu, L. Zhang, A. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Jiang, E. Yang, "40-Gb/s all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion based on a single SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1255-1257 (2002).

2001 (3)

S. Namiki, Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 3-16 (2001).

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, T. Ozeki, "80 Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source," Electron. Lett. 37, 640-642 (2001).

K. Uchiyama, T. Morio, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing experiment with simultaneous output of all constituent channels from 100 Gbit/s OTDM signal," Electron. Lett. 37, 642-643 (2001).

2000 (4)

D. Banerjee, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-routed optical networks: Linear formulation, resource budgeting tradeoffs, and a reconfiguration study," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 8, 590-607 (2000).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tb/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1824 (2000).

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical OTDM-to-WDM signal-format translation and OTDM add-drop functionality using bidirectional four wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 156-158 (2000).

1999 (3)

St. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Puleo, R. Girardi, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, W. Hunziker, E. Gini, H. Melchior, "40-Gb/s OTDM to 4$\,\times\,$10 WDM conversion in monolithic InP Mach-Zehnder interferometer module," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262-1264 (1999).

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, "Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1659-1661 (1999).

Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, "10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322-324 (1999).

1998 (2)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).

K. Uchiyama, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, "Multiple-channel output all-optical OTDM demultiplexer using XPM-induced chirp compensation (MOXIC)," Electron. Lett. 34, 575-576 (1998).

1997 (1)

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, "A duration-tunable, multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM and WDM communications systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1017-1019 (1997).

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

K. Iwatsuki, K. Suzuki, S. Nishi, "Adiabatic soliton compression of gain-switched DFB-LD pulse by distributed fiber Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1074-1076 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (5)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tb/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

K. Uchiyama, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, "Multiple-channel output all-optical OTDM demultiplexer using XPM-induced chirp compensation (MOXIC)," Electron. Lett. 34, 575-576 (1998).

K. Uchiyama, T. Morio, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing experiment with simultaneous output of all constituent channels from 100 Gbit/s OTDM signal," Electron. Lett. 37, 642-643 (2001).

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, T. Ozeki, "80 Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source," Electron. Lett. 37, 640-642 (2001).

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical OTDM-to-WDM signal-format translation and OTDM add-drop functionality using bidirectional four wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 156-158 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Areas Commun. (1)

B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1824 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (6)

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, S. R. Nuccio, "Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 320-332 (2011).

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E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2011).

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Other (12)

K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, K. Imai, M. Kourogi, "Generation of 10-GHz 2-ps optical pulse train over the C band based on an optical comb generator and its application to 160-Gbit/s OTDM systems," 34th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Tu3D1.

H. N. Tan, Q. Nguyen-The, M. Matsuura, N. Kishi, "Raman amplification-based multiwavelength synchronous pulse compressor and its application to all-channel OTDM demultiplexing in a single-parametric-gate," 36th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. TorinoItaly (2010) Paper We.P-6.

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P. Vorreau, F. Parmigiani, K. Mukasa, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. Ellis, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "TDM-to-WDM conversion from 130 Gbit/s to 3$\,\times\,$43 Gbit/s using XPM in a NOLM switch," 12th Int. Conf. Transp. Opt. Netw. AthensGreece (2008) Paper Th.PD.2.

B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, E. P. Ippen, "Multiple wavelength demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. BaltimoreMD (2001) Paper CThU5.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, "Inter-band wavelength conversion of 25 GHz-spaced 1.03 Tbit/s (103$\,\times\,$10 Gb/s) DWDM signals with small guard band and low crosstalk in PPLN waveguide," Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. BaltimoreMD (2003) Paper CThPDB2.

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T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenlowe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Photonic chip based 1.28 Tbaud transmitter optimization and receiver OTDM demultiplexing," Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Paper PDPC5.

G. Zarris, F. Parmigiani, E. Hugues-Salas, R. Weerasuriya, D. Hillerkuss, N. A. Gonzalez, M. Spyropoulou, P. Vorreau, R. Morais, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Klonidis, P. Petropoulos, A. D. Ellis, P. Monteiro, A. Tzanakaki, D. Richardson, I. Tomkos, R. Bonk, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "Field trial of WDM-OTDM transmultiplexing employing photonic switch fabric-based buffer-less bit-interleaved data grooming and all-optical regeneration," Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf. AnaheimCA (2009) Paper PDPC10.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, H. Fukuyama, "20.4-Tb/s (204$\,\times\,$111 Gb/s) Transmission over 240 km using bandwidth-maximized hybrid Raman/EDFAs," Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf. AnaheimCA (2007) Paper PDP20.

R. Morais, R. Meleiro, P. Monteiro, P. Marques, "OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on wavelength conversion and time gating in a single optical gate," Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OTuD5.

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