Abstract

All-optical wavelength conversion and regeneration have, since 20 years, attracted a lot of interest thanks to their potential applications and sophisticated working principles; however, they have not yet led to practical products that could be deployed in the real networks. We present here a critical review of the greatest achievements and main type of solutions that have been demonstrated. We then discuss the still-open issues that should be addressed in order to see the practical implementations.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. P. E. Barnsley, P. J. Fiddyment, "Wavelength conversion from 1.3 to 1.55 $\mu$m using split contact optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 256-258 (1991).
  2. K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, "Technique for translating light-wave frequency by using an optical ring circuit containing a frequency shifter," Opt. Lett. 17, 1307-1309 (1992).
  3. C. R. Giles, T. Li, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, D. A. B. Miller, "All-optical regenerator," Electron. Lett. 24, 848-850 (1988).
  4. M. Jinno, M. Abe, "All-optical regenerator based on nonlinear fibre Sagnac interferometer," Electron. Lett. 28, 1350-1352 (1992).
  5. J. K. Lucek, K. Smith, "All-optical signal regenerator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1226-1228 (1993).
  6. M. Zirngibl, "Photonic integration for telecom," Proc. Fotonica (2010).
  7. G. Raybon, P. J. Winzer, "100 Gb/s challenges and solutions," Opt. Fiber Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OTuG1.
  8. K.-C. Lee, V. O. K. Li, "A wavelength-convertible optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).
  9. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Network. 3, 489-500 (1995).
  10. M. Kovacevic, A. Acampora, "Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 868-880 (1996).
  11. M. Chbat, E. Grard, L. Berthelon, A. Jourdan, P. Perrier, A. Leclert, B. Landousies, A. Ramdane, N. Parnis, E. Jones, E. Limal, H. N. Poulsen, R. Pedersen, N. Flaarønning, D. Vercauteren, M. Puleo, E. Ciaramella, G. Marone, R. Hess, H. Melchior, W. Van Parys, P. M. Demeester, P. J. Gødsvang, T. Olsen, D. R. Hjelme, "Toward wide-scale all-optical TransparentNetworking: The ACTS optical pan-European network (OPEN) project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).
  12. R. J. S. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, B. F. Jorgensen, M. Nissov, K. E. Stubkjaer, K. Wunstel, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, M. Schilling, P. Doussiere, F. Pommerau, "WDM cross-connect cascade based on all-optical wavelength converters for routing and wavelength slot interchanging using a reduced number of internal wavelengths," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (1998) pp. 58-59.
  13. J. S. Barton, M. L. Masanovic, M. M. Dummer, A. Tauke-Pedretti, E. F. Burmeister, B. R. Koch, J. A. Summers, L. A. Coldren, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Recent progress on LASOR optical router and related integrated technologies," Proc. Int. Conf. Photon. Switch. (2008) pp. 1-2.
  14. J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. Le Grange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, "IRIS optical packet router [Invited]," J. Opt. Network. 5, 589-597 (2006).
  15. J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networks," Proc. Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. Annu. Meet. (1997) pp. 88-89.
  16. O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).
  17. T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).
  18. F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, C. Joergensen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, A. Jourdan, G. Soulage, "An all-optical wavelength-converter with semiconductor optical amplifiers monolithically integrated in an asymmetric passive Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 992-994 (1995).
  19. B. Mikkelsen, S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. S. Pedersen, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical noise reduction capability of interferometric wavelength converters," Electron. Lett. 32, 566-567 (1996).
  20. B. Glance, J. M. Wiesenfeld, U. Koren, A. H. Gnauck, H. M. Presby, A. Jourdan, "High performance optical wavelength shifter," Electron. Lett. 28, 1714-1715 (1992).
  21. J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, A. H. Gnauck, B. Glance, "Bit error rate performance for wavelength conversion at 20 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 30, 720-721 (1994).
  22. S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, M. Vaa, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, F. L. Pommerau, "Bit error rate assessment of 40 Gbit/s all-optical polarisation independent wavelength converter," Electron. Lett. 32, 16-88 (1996).
  23. G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, K. Kitayama, "160 Gb/s cross gain modulation in quantum dot SOA at 1550 nm," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. ViennaAustria (2009) Postdeadline Paper 1.4.
  24. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, "Nonlinear-optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 13, 56-58 (1988).
  25. K. A. Rauschenbach, K. L. Hall, J. C. Livas, G. Raybon, "All-optical pulsewidth and wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1130-1132 (1994).
  26. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).
  27. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, B. P. Nelson, "Two-wavelength operation of the nonlinear fiber loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 15, 248-250 (1990).
  28. I. D. Philips, A. Gloag, P. N. Kean, N. J. Doran, I. Bennion, A. D. Ellis, "Simultaneous demultiplexing, data regeneration, and clock recovery with a single semiconductor optical amplifier-based nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 22, 1326-1328 (1997).
  29. B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux, "All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats," Electron. Lett. 33, 2137-2139 (1997).
  30. S. Gupta, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, G. Contestabile, A. Wonfor, R. Gangopadhyay, E. Ciaramella, "Operational equivalence of self-switching in MZI and nonlinear polarization switches based on SOAs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 779-788 (2008).
  31. M. F. C. Stepens, M. Asghari, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Demonstration of ultrafast all-optical wavelength conversion utilizing birefringence in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 449-451 (1997).
  32. H. Soto, D. Erasme, G. Guekos, "Cross-polarization modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970-972 (1999).
  33. G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Single and multi-wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s by means of fast nonlinear-polarization-switching in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2652-2652 (2005).
  34. B. Daino, G. Gregori, S. Wabnitz, "New all-optical devices based on third-order nonlinearity of birefringent fibers," Opt. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1986).
  35. K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).
  36. K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K.-I. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).
  37. P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
  38. K. Inoue, H. Toba, "Wavelength conversion experiment using fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 69-72 (1992).
  39. M. C. Tatham, G. Sherlock, "20 nm wavelength conversion using ultrafast highly nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Proc. Integr. Photon. Res. Palm SpringsCA (1993) Paper PD1.
  40. A. D'Ottavi, E. Lannone, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, P. Spano, R. Dall'Ara, G. Guekos, J. Ekkner, "Frequency conversion by four-wave mixing on a frequency range of 8.6 THz," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1994) pp. 25-29.
  41. A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, D. G. Moodie, "100 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using FWM in a MQW semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 1955-1956 (1998).
  42. R. M. Jopson, R. E. Tench, "Polarization-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).
  43. R. Schnabel, U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, P. Meissner, C. Helmolt, K. Magari, F. Raub, W. Pieper, F. J. Westphal, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, H. G. Weber, "Polarization-insensitive frequency conversion of a 10-channel OFDM signal using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 56-58 (1994).
  44. H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 18, 9961-9966 (2010).
  45. F. Parmigiani, S. Asimakis, N. Sugimoto, F. Koizumi, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "2R regenerator based on a 2-m-long highly nonlinear bismuth oxide fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 5038-5044 (2006).
  46. K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
  47. C. Koos, P. Vorreau, P. Dumon, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Highly-nonlinear silicon photonics slot waveguide," Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Postdeadline Paper PDP25.
  48. M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, B. J. Eggleton, "Optical signal processing in highly-nonlinear chalcogenide planar waveguides," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Winter Top. Meet. (2008) pp. 86-87.
  49. C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, M. Kawahara, "1.5 mm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO$_{3}$ channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561 (1993).
  50. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5- m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO$_{3}$ waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
  51. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
  52. M. V. Drummond, J. D. Reis, R. N. Nogueira, P. P. Monteiro, A. L. Teixeira, S. Shinada, N. Wada, H. Ito, "Error-free wavelength conversion at 160 Gbit/s in PPLN waveguide at room temperature," Electron. Lett. 45, 1135-1137 (2009).
  53. V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, "Wavelength conversion of real-time 100 Gb/s POLMUX RZ-DQPSK," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThS3.
  54. N. A. Olson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).
  55. E. Ciaramella, L. Giorgi, "System performance using different types of in-line optical regenerators," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3727-3733 (2006).
  56. M. Meissner, K. Sponsel, K. Cvecek, A. Benz, S. Weisser, B. Schmauss, G. Leuchs, "3.9-dB OSNR gain by an NOLM-based 2-R regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2105-2107 (2004).
  57. M. Gay, L. Bramerie, D. Massoubre, A. O'Hare, A. Shen, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Simon, "Cascadability assessment of a 2R regenerator based on a saturable absorber and a semiconductor optical amplifier in a path switchable recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1273-1275 (2006).
  58. E. Ciaramella, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849-851 (2000).
  59. P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1998) pp. 475-476.
  60. M. L. Nielsen, B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulse extinction ratio improvement using SPM in an SOA for OTDM systems applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 245-247 (2002).
  61. A. Poustie, "All-optical processing highly integrated InP-based subsystems for all-optical processing," Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2010) Tutorial Paper OWW1.
  62. E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping by means of four wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142-144 (2001).
  63. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 (2003).
  64. S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
  65. X. Yi, R. Yu, J. Kurumida, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format-independent wavelength conversion," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA, pp. 1–3 Paper PDPC8.
  66. P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
  67. F. Parmigiani, R. Slavík, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical phase regeneration of 40 Gbit/s DPSK signals in a black-box phase sensitive amplifier," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Postdeadline Paper PDPC3.
  68. J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  69. J. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, C. A. Burrus, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a single semiconductor optical amplifier delay interferometer," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2002) pp. 596-597.
  70. G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in a SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).
  71. K.-E. Han, W.-H. Yang, K.-M. Yoo, Y.-C. Kim, "Design of AWG-based WDM-PON architecture with multicast capability," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM Workshops (2008) pp. 1-6.
  72. T. Akiyama, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Simoyama, Y. Nakata, K. Mukai, M. Sugawara, O. Wada, H. Ishikawa, "Application of spectral-hole burning in the inhomogeneously broadened gain of self-assembled quantum dots to a multiwavelength-channel nonlinear optical device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1301-1303 (2000).
  73. A. Shen, M. Goix, S. Louis, D. Delagrandiere, J. Decobert, G. Henin, D. Rouvillain, O. Leclerc, H. Choumane, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, "4-channel saturable absorber module for high bit-rate regenerated WDM transmission," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2002) pp. 1-2.
  74. G. Gavioli, P. Bayvel, "Multichannel all-optical 3R regenerative wavelength conversion using an integrated semiconductor optical amplifier array," Proc. 16th Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. (2003) pp. 896-897.
  75. G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "All-optical regeneration of 40 Gb/s constant envelope alternative modulation formats," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 340-346 (2010).
  76. M. Vasilyev, T. I. Lakoba, "All-optical multichannel 2R regeneration in a fiber-based device," Opt. Lett. 30, 1458-1460 (2005).
  77. T. L. Lakoba, M. Vasilyev, "A new robust regime for a dispersion-managed multichannel 2R regenerator," Opt. Exp. 15, 10061-10074 (2007).
  78. T. Mizuochi, "Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 544-554 (2006).
  79. R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, S. Corzine, S. Hurtt, A. Dentai, S. Murthy, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, R. A. Salvatore, C. Joyner, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, D. Welch, "InP photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1113-1125 (2010).
  80. K. Hinton, G. Raskutti, P. M. Farrell, R. S. Tucker, "Switching energy and device size limits on digital photonic signal processing technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 938-945 (2008).
  81. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
  82. S. Betti, G. De Marchis, E. Iannone, Coherent Optical Communications Systems (Wiley, 1995).

2010 (3)

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 18, 9961-9966 (2010).

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "All-optical regeneration of 40 Gb/s constant envelope alternative modulation formats," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 340-346 (2010).

R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, S. Corzine, S. Hurtt, A. Dentai, S. Murthy, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, R. A. Salvatore, C. Joyner, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, D. Welch, "InP photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1113-1125 (2010).

2009 (1)

M. V. Drummond, J. D. Reis, R. N. Nogueira, P. P. Monteiro, A. L. Teixeira, S. Shinada, N. Wada, H. Ito, "Error-free wavelength conversion at 160 Gbit/s in PPLN waveguide at room temperature," Electron. Lett. 45, 1135-1137 (2009).

2008 (2)

K. Hinton, G. Raskutti, P. M. Farrell, R. S. Tucker, "Switching energy and device size limits on digital photonic signal processing technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 938-945 (2008).

S. Gupta, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, G. Contestabile, A. Wonfor, R. Gangopadhyay, E. Ciaramella, "Operational equivalence of self-switching in MZI and nonlinear polarization switches based on SOAs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 779-788 (2008).

2007 (2)

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K.-I. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).

T. L. Lakoba, M. Vasilyev, "A new robust regime for a dispersion-managed multichannel 2R regenerator," Opt. Exp. 15, 10061-10074 (2007).

2006 (9)

T. Mizuochi, "Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 544-554 (2006).

P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).

F. Parmigiani, S. Asimakis, N. Sugimoto, F. Koizumi, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "2R regenerator based on a 2-m-long highly nonlinear bismuth oxide fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 5038-5044 (2006).

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).

E. Ciaramella, L. Giorgi, "System performance using different types of in-line optical regenerators," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3727-3733 (2006).

M. Gay, L. Bramerie, D. Massoubre, A. O'Hare, A. Shen, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Simon, "Cascadability assessment of a 2R regenerator based on a saturable absorber and a semiconductor optical amplifier in a path switchable recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1273-1275 (2006).

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).

K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. Le Grange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, "IRIS optical packet router [Invited]," J. Opt. Network. 5, 589-597 (2006).

2005 (2)

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Single and multi-wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s by means of fast nonlinear-polarization-switching in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2652-2652 (2005).

M. Vasilyev, T. I. Lakoba, "All-optical multichannel 2R regeneration in a fiber-based device," Opt. Lett. 30, 1458-1460 (2005).

2004 (3)

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in a SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

M. Meissner, K. Sponsel, K. Cvecek, A. Benz, S. Weisser, B. Schmauss, G. Leuchs, "3.9-dB OSNR gain by an NOLM-based 2-R regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2105-2107 (2004).

2003 (2)

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 (2003).

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. L. Nielsen, B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulse extinction ratio improvement using SPM in an SOA for OTDM systems applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 245-247 (2002).

2001 (1)

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping by means of four wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142-144 (2001).

2000 (2)

E. Ciaramella, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849-851 (2000).

T. Akiyama, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Simoyama, Y. Nakata, K. Mukai, M. Sugawara, O. Wada, H. Ishikawa, "Application of spectral-hole burning in the inhomogeneously broadened gain of self-assembled quantum dots to a multiwavelength-channel nonlinear optical device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1301-1303 (2000).

1999 (2)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5- m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO$_{3}$ waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

H. Soto, D. Erasme, G. Guekos, "Cross-polarization modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970-972 (1999).

1998 (2)

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, D. G. Moodie, "100 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using FWM in a MQW semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 1955-1956 (1998).

M. Chbat, E. Grard, L. Berthelon, A. Jourdan, P. Perrier, A. Leclert, B. Landousies, A. Ramdane, N. Parnis, E. Jones, E. Limal, H. N. Poulsen, R. Pedersen, N. Flaarønning, D. Vercauteren, M. Puleo, E. Ciaramella, G. Marone, R. Hess, H. Melchior, W. Van Parys, P. M. Demeester, P. J. Gødsvang, T. Olsen, D. R. Hjelme, "Toward wide-scale all-optical TransparentNetworking: The ACTS optical pan-European network (OPEN) project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).

1997 (3)

M. F. C. Stepens, M. Asghari, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Demonstration of ultrafast all-optical wavelength conversion utilizing birefringence in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 449-451 (1997).

I. D. Philips, A. Gloag, P. N. Kean, N. J. Doran, I. Bennion, A. D. Ellis, "Simultaneous demultiplexing, data regeneration, and clock recovery with a single semiconductor optical amplifier-based nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 22, 1326-1328 (1997).

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux, "All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats," Electron. Lett. 33, 2137-2139 (1997).

1996 (4)

B. Mikkelsen, S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. S. Pedersen, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical noise reduction capability of interferometric wavelength converters," Electron. Lett. 32, 566-567 (1996).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, M. Vaa, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, F. L. Pommerau, "Bit error rate assessment of 40 Gbit/s all-optical polarisation independent wavelength converter," Electron. Lett. 32, 16-88 (1996).

M. Kovacevic, A. Acampora, "Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 868-880 (1996).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

1995 (2)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Network. 3, 489-500 (1995).

F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, C. Joergensen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, A. Jourdan, G. Soulage, "An all-optical wavelength-converter with semiconductor optical amplifiers monolithically integrated in an asymmetric passive Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 992-994 (1995).

1994 (4)

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

K. A. Rauschenbach, K. L. Hall, J. C. Livas, G. Raybon, "All-optical pulsewidth and wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1130-1132 (1994).

J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, A. H. Gnauck, B. Glance, "Bit error rate performance for wavelength conversion at 20 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 30, 720-721 (1994).

R. Schnabel, U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, P. Meissner, C. Helmolt, K. Magari, F. Raub, W. Pieper, F. J. Westphal, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, H. G. Weber, "Polarization-insensitive frequency conversion of a 10-channel OFDM signal using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 56-58 (1994).

1993 (4)

R. M. Jopson, R. E. Tench, "Polarization-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).

J. K. Lucek, K. Smith, "All-optical signal regenerator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1226-1228 (1993).

K.-C. Lee, V. O. K. Li, "A wavelength-convertible optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, M. Kawahara, "1.5 mm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO$_{3}$ channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561 (1993).

1992 (5)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, "Technique for translating light-wave frequency by using an optical ring circuit containing a frequency shifter," Opt. Lett. 17, 1307-1309 (1992).

M. Jinno, M. Abe, "All-optical regenerator based on nonlinear fibre Sagnac interferometer," Electron. Lett. 28, 1350-1352 (1992).

B. Glance, J. M. Wiesenfeld, U. Koren, A. H. Gnauck, H. M. Presby, A. Jourdan, "High performance optical wavelength shifter," Electron. Lett. 28, 1714-1715 (1992).

K. Inoue, H. Toba, "Wavelength conversion experiment using fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 69-72 (1992).

1991 (1)

P. E. Barnsley, P. J. Fiddyment, "Wavelength conversion from 1.3 to 1.55 $\mu$m using split contact optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 256-258 (1991).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

N. A. Olson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

1988 (2)

C. R. Giles, T. Li, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, D. A. B. Miller, "All-optical regenerator," Electron. Lett. 24, 848-850 (1988).

N. J. Doran, D. Wood, "Nonlinear-optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 13, 56-58 (1988).

1986 (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, M. Kawahara, "1.5 mm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO$_{3}$ channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561 (1993).

Electron. Lett. (10)

M. V. Drummond, J. D. Reis, R. N. Nogueira, P. P. Monteiro, A. L. Teixeira, S. Shinada, N. Wada, H. Ito, "Error-free wavelength conversion at 160 Gbit/s in PPLN waveguide at room temperature," Electron. Lett. 45, 1135-1137 (2009).

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, D. G. Moodie, "100 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using FWM in a MQW semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 1955-1956 (1998).

R. M. Jopson, R. E. Tench, "Polarization-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).

C. R. Giles, T. Li, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, D. A. B. Miller, "All-optical regenerator," Electron. Lett. 24, 848-850 (1988).

M. Jinno, M. Abe, "All-optical regenerator based on nonlinear fibre Sagnac interferometer," Electron. Lett. 28, 1350-1352 (1992).

B. Mikkelsen, S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. S. Pedersen, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical noise reduction capability of interferometric wavelength converters," Electron. Lett. 32, 566-567 (1996).

B. Glance, J. M. Wiesenfeld, U. Koren, A. H. Gnauck, H. M. Presby, A. Jourdan, "High performance optical wavelength shifter," Electron. Lett. 28, 1714-1715 (1992).

J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, A. H. Gnauck, B. Glance, "Bit error rate performance for wavelength conversion at 20 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 30, 720-721 (1994).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, M. Vaa, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, F. L. Pommerau, "Bit error rate assessment of 40 Gbit/s all-optical polarisation independent wavelength converter," Electron. Lett. 32, 16-88 (1996).

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux, "All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats," Electron. Lett. 33, 2137-2139 (1997).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "All-optical regeneration of 40 Gb/s constant envelope alternative modulation formats," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 340-346 (2010).

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

M. Kovacevic, A. Acampora, "Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 868-880 (1996).

M. Chbat, E. Grard, L. Berthelon, A. Jourdan, P. Perrier, A. Leclert, B. Landousies, A. Ramdane, N. Parnis, E. Jones, E. Limal, H. N. Poulsen, R. Pedersen, N. Flaarønning, D. Vercauteren, M. Puleo, E. Ciaramella, G. Marone, R. Hess, H. Melchior, W. Van Parys, P. M. Demeester, P. J. Gødsvang, T. Olsen, D. R. Hjelme, "Toward wide-scale all-optical TransparentNetworking: The ACTS optical pan-European network (OPEN) project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (4)

S. Gupta, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, G. Contestabile, A. Wonfor, R. Gangopadhyay, E. Ciaramella, "Operational equivalence of self-switching in MZI and nonlinear polarization switches based on SOAs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 779-788 (2008).

T. Mizuochi, "Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 544-554 (2006).

R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, S. Corzine, S. Hurtt, A. Dentai, S. Murthy, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, R. A. Salvatore, C. Joyner, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, D. Welch, "InP photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1113-1125 (2010).

K. Hinton, G. Raskutti, P. M. Farrell, R. S. Tucker, "Switching energy and device size limits on digital photonic signal processing technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 938-945 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (20)

T. Akiyama, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Simoyama, Y. Nakata, K. Mukai, M. Sugawara, O. Wada, H. Ishikawa, "Application of spectral-hole burning in the inhomogeneously broadened gain of self-assembled quantum dots to a multiwavelength-channel nonlinear optical device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1301-1303 (2000).

M. F. C. Stepens, M. Asghari, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Demonstration of ultrafast all-optical wavelength conversion utilizing birefringence in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 449-451 (1997).

H. Soto, D. Erasme, G. Guekos, "Cross-polarization modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970-972 (1999).

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Single and multi-wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s by means of fast nonlinear-polarization-switching in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2652-2652 (2005).

K. A. Rauschenbach, K. L. Hall, J. C. Livas, G. Raybon, "All-optical pulsewidth and wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1130-1132 (1994).

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, C. Joergensen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, A. Jourdan, G. Soulage, "An all-optical wavelength-converter with semiconductor optical amplifiers monolithically integrated in an asymmetric passive Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 992-994 (1995).

P. E. Barnsley, P. J. Fiddyment, "Wavelength conversion from 1.3 to 1.55 $\mu$m using split contact optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 256-258 (1991).

R. Schnabel, U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, P. Meissner, C. Helmolt, K. Magari, F. Raub, W. Pieper, F. J. Westphal, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, H. G. Weber, "Polarization-insensitive frequency conversion of a 10-channel OFDM signal using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 56-58 (1994).

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).

K. Inoue, H. Toba, "Wavelength conversion experiment using fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 69-72 (1992).

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5- m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO$_{3}$ waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).

M. Meissner, K. Sponsel, K. Cvecek, A. Benz, S. Weisser, B. Schmauss, G. Leuchs, "3.9-dB OSNR gain by an NOLM-based 2-R regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2105-2107 (2004).

M. Gay, L. Bramerie, D. Massoubre, A. O'Hare, A. Shen, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Simon, "Cascadability assessment of a 2R regenerator based on a saturable absorber and a semiconductor optical amplifier in a path switchable recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1273-1275 (2006).

E. Ciaramella, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849-851 (2000).

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping by means of four wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142-144 (2001).

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 (2003).

M. L. Nielsen, B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulse extinction ratio improvement using SPM in an SOA for OTDM systems applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 245-247 (2002).

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in a SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Network. (1)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Network. 3, 489-500 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

K.-C. Lee, V. O. K. Li, "A wavelength-convertible optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

N. A. Olson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

E. Ciaramella, L. Giorgi, "System performance using different types of in-line optical regenerators," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3727-3733 (2006).

C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

J. Opt. Network. (1)

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. Le Grange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, "IRIS optical packet router [Invited]," J. Opt. Network. 5, 589-597 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (4)

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K.-I. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 18, 9961-9966 (2010).

F. Parmigiani, S. Asimakis, N. Sugimoto, F. Koizumi, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "2R regenerator based on a 2-m-long highly nonlinear bismuth oxide fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 5038-5044 (2006).

T. L. Lakoba, M. Vasilyev, "A new robust regime for a dispersion-managed multichannel 2R regenerator," Opt. Exp. 15, 10061-10074 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (22)

M. Zirngibl, "Photonic integration for telecom," Proc. Fotonica (2010).

G. Raybon, P. J. Winzer, "100 Gb/s challenges and solutions," Opt. Fiber Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OTuG1.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networks," Proc. Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. Annu. Meet. (1997) pp. 88-89.

R. J. S. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, B. F. Jorgensen, M. Nissov, K. E. Stubkjaer, K. Wunstel, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, M. Schilling, P. Doussiere, F. Pommerau, "WDM cross-connect cascade based on all-optical wavelength converters for routing and wavelength slot interchanging using a reduced number of internal wavelengths," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (1998) pp. 58-59.

J. S. Barton, M. L. Masanovic, M. M. Dummer, A. Tauke-Pedretti, E. F. Burmeister, B. R. Koch, J. A. Summers, L. A. Coldren, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Recent progress on LASOR optical router and related integrated technologies," Proc. Int. Conf. Photon. Switch. (2008) pp. 1-2.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, K. Kitayama, "160 Gb/s cross gain modulation in quantum dot SOA at 1550 nm," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. ViennaAustria (2009) Postdeadline Paper 1.4.

F. Parmigiani, R. Slavík, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical phase regeneration of 40 Gbit/s DPSK signals in a black-box phase sensitive amplifier," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Postdeadline Paper PDPC3.

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.

J. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, C. A. Burrus, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a single semiconductor optical amplifier delay interferometer," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2002) pp. 596-597.

K.-E. Han, W.-H. Yang, K.-M. Yoo, Y.-C. Kim, "Design of AWG-based WDM-PON architecture with multicast capability," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM Workshops (2008) pp. 1-6.

A. Poustie, "All-optical processing highly integrated InP-based subsystems for all-optical processing," Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2010) Tutorial Paper OWW1.

X. Yi, R. Yu, J. Kurumida, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format-independent wavelength conversion," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA, pp. 1–3 Paper PDPC8.

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1998) pp. 475-476.

M. C. Tatham, G. Sherlock, "20 nm wavelength conversion using ultrafast highly nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Proc. Integr. Photon. Res. Palm SpringsCA (1993) Paper PD1.

A. D'Ottavi, E. Lannone, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, P. Spano, R. Dall'Ara, G. Guekos, J. Ekkner, "Frequency conversion by four-wave mixing on a frequency range of 8.6 THz," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1994) pp. 25-29.

V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, "Wavelength conversion of real-time 100 Gb/s POLMUX RZ-DQPSK," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThS3.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, P. Dumon, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Highly-nonlinear silicon photonics slot waveguide," Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Postdeadline Paper PDP25.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, B. J. Eggleton, "Optical signal processing in highly-nonlinear chalcogenide planar waveguides," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Winter Top. Meet. (2008) pp. 86-87.

A. Shen, M. Goix, S. Louis, D. Delagrandiere, J. Decobert, G. Henin, D. Rouvillain, O. Leclerc, H. Choumane, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, "4-channel saturable absorber module for high bit-rate regenerated WDM transmission," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2002) pp. 1-2.

G. Gavioli, P. Bayvel, "Multichannel all-optical 3R regenerative wavelength conversion using an integrated semiconductor optical amplifier array," Proc. 16th Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. (2003) pp. 896-897.

S. Betti, G. De Marchis, E. Iannone, Coherent Optical Communications Systems (Wiley, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.