Abstract

One and two dimensional forms of carbon, Carbon nanotube and graphene, have interesting and useful not only electronic but also photonic properties. This tutorial will review their photonic properties, linear and nonlinear, and applications of nonlinear photonic properties as laser mode lockers and nonlinear functional devices.

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2011 (8)

H. Liu, D. Nishide, T. Tanaka, H. Kataura, "Large-scale single-chirality separation of single-wall carbon nanotubes by simple gel chromatography," Nature Commun. 2, 309-1-8 (2011).

H. Kim, J. Cho, S. Y. Jang, Y. W. Song, "Deformation-immunized optical deposition of graphene for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021104-1-3 (2011).

A. Martinez, S. Yamashita, "Multi-Gigahertz repetition rate passively modelocked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes," Opt. Exp. 19, 6156-6163 (2011).

J. C. Travers, J. Morgenweg, E. D. Obraztsova, A. I. Chernov, E. J. R. Kelleher, S. V. Popov, "Using the ${\rm E}_{22}$ transition of carbon nanotubes for fiber laser mode-locking," Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 144-149 (2011).

T. H. Wu, K. Kieu, N. Peyghambarian, R. J. Jones, "Low noise erbium fiber fs frequency comb based on a tapered-fiber carbon nanotube design," Opt. Exp. 19, 5313-5318 (2011).

I. H. Baek, S. Y. Choi, H. W. Lee, W. B. Cho, V. Petrov, A. Agnesi, V. Pasiskevicius, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, F. Rotermund, "Single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber assisted high-power mode-locking of a Ti: Sapphire laser," Opt. Exp. 19, 7833-7838 (2011).

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106-1-3 (2011).

G. E. Villanueva, M. B. Jakubinek, B. Simard, C. J. Oton, J. Matres, L. Y. Shao, P. P. Millán, J. Albert, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of carbon nanotube-coated single-mode optical fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 36, 2104-2106 (2011).

2010 (25)

K. K. Chow, M. Tsuji, S. Yamashita, "Single-walled carbon-nanotube-deposited tapered fiber for four-wave mixing based wavelength conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061104-1-3 (2010).

B. Dong, C. Y. Liaw, J. Hao, J. Hu, "Nanotube $Q$-switched low-threshold linear cavity tunable erbium-doped fiber laser," Appl. Opt. 49, 5989-5992 (2010).

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, "Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106-1-3 (2010).

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112-1-3 (2010).

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, D. Y. Tang, "Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031106-1-3 (2010).

S. J. Beecher, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, A. K. Kar, "320 fs pulse generation from an ultrafast laser inscribed waveguide laser mode-locked by a nanotube saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111114-1-3 (2010).

K. Kieu, R. J. Jones, N. Peyghambarian, "High power femtosecond source near 1 micron based on an all-fiber Er-doped mode-locked laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 21350-21355 (2010).

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, F. O. Ilday, "Soliton-similariton fiber laser," Nature Photon. 4, 307-311 (2010).

K. Kieu, R. J. Jones, N. Peyghambarian, "Generation of few-cycle pulses from an amplified carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1521-1523 (2010).

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, M. K. Bae, "Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051122-1-3 (2010).

A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, S. Yamashita, "Passive mode-locked lasing by injecting a carbon nanotube-solution in the core of an optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 11008-11014 (2010).

H. Nong, M. Gicque, L. Bramerie, M. Perrin, F. Grillot, C. Levallois, A. Maalouf, S. Loualiche, "A direct comparison of single-walled carbon nanotubes and quantum-wells based subpicosecond saturable absorbers for all optical signal regeneration at 1.55 $\mu$m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061109-1-3 (2010).

Y. M. Lin, C. Dimitrakopoulos, K. A. Jenkins, D. B. Farmer, H.-Y. Chiu, A. Grill, P. Avouris, "100-GHz transistors from wafer-scale epitaxial graphene," Science 327, 662 (2010).

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene photonics and optoelectronics," Nature Photon. 4, 611-622 (2010).

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser," ACS Nano 4, 803-810 (2010).

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. L. Roux, D. M. Morini, S. Kazaoui, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, "Optical gain in carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 231105-1-3 (2010).

G. Xing, H. Guo, X. Zhang, T. C. Sum, C. Hon, A. Huan, "The physics of ultrafast saturable absorption in graphene," Opt. Exp. 18, 4564-4573 (2010).

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, S. A. Mikhailov, "Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene," Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401-1-4 (2010).

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, F. Rotermund, "Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers," Adv. Functional Mater. 20, 1937-1943 (2010).

K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, S. Y. Set, "Four-wave mixing based wavelength conversion using a single-walled carbon-nanotube-deposited planar lightwave circuit waveguide," Opt. Lett. 35, 2070-2072 (2010).

Y. W. Song, K. H. Fong, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, S. Yamashita, "Carbon nanotube-incorporated sol-gel glass for high-speed modulation of intracavity absorption of fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 283, 3740-3742 (2010).

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, J. Yang, S. Wang, D. Y. Tang, R. Jose, S. Ramakrishna, C. T. Lim, K. P. Loh, "Graphene-polymer nanofiber membrane for ultrafast photonics," Adv. Functional Mater. 20, 782-791 (2010).

Y. M. Chang, H. Kim, J. H. Lee, Y. W. Song, "Multilayered graphene efficiently formed by mechanical exfoliation for nonlinear saturable absorbers in fiber mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 211102-1-3 (2010).

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, S. Yamashita, "Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing," Opt. Exp. 18, 23054-23061 (2010).

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, Z. Cai, "Graphene-based passively $Q$-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 35, 3709-3711 (2010).

2009 (19)

S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, H. Jung, K. Oh, D. Yeom, "Femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser employing a hollow optical fiber filled with carbon nanotube dispersion as saturable absorber," Opt. Exp. 17, 21788-21793 (2009).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, "Deposition of carbon nanotubes around microfiber via evanascent light," Opt. Exp. 17, 18364-18370 (2009).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, S. Y. Set, "In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end," Opt. Exp. 17, 5711-5715 (2009).

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, "Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics," Adv. Mater. 21, 3874-3899 (2009).

S. Kumar, M. Anija, N. Kamaraju, K. S. Vasu, K. S. Subrahmanyam, A. K. Sood, C. N. R. Rao, "Femtosecond carrier dynamics and saturable absorption in graphene suspensions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 191911-1-3 (2009).

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, "Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Adv. Functional Mater. 19, 3077-3083 (2009).

A. Reina, X. Jia, J. Ho, D. Nezich, H. Son, V. Bulovic, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, "Large area, few-layer graphene films on arbitrary substrates by chemical vapor deposition," Nano Lett. 9, 30-35 (2009).

A. H. C. Neto, F. Guinea, N. M. R. Peres, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, "The electronic properties of graphene," Rev. Modern Phys. 81, 109-162 (2009).

M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, "Ultrafast fiber laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 191-206 (2009).

S. Uchida, A. Martinez, Y. Song, T. Ishigure, S. Yamashita, "Carbon nanotube-doped polymer optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 34, 3077-3079 (2009).

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, "Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, (2009).

K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, "Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128-130 (2009).

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, O. G. Okhotnikov, "Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology," Opt. Exp. 17, 2358-2363 (2009).

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Dı´az, "Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 $\mu$m using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Opt. Exp. 17, 11007-11012 (2009).

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, D. Rytz, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, "Sub-100 fs single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber mode-locked Yb-laser operation near 1 $\mu$m," Opt. Exp. 17, 20109-20116 (2009).

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, K. Loh, "Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103-1-3 (2009).

J. Lim, K. Knabe, K. A. Tillman, W. Neely, Y. Wang, R. Amezcua-Correa, F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, K. L. Corwin, J. W. Nicholson, B. R. Washburn, "A phase-stabilized carbon nanotube fiber laser frequency comb," Opt. Exp. 17, 14115-14120 (2009).

K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, Y. W. Song, "A widely tunable wavelength conversion based on nonlinear polarization rotation in a carbon nanotubes deposited D-shaped fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 7664-7669 (2009).

K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, "Four-wave mixing in a single-walled carbon-nanotube-deposited D-shaped fiber and its application in tunable wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 17, 15608-15613 (2009).

2008 (20)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, D. X. Wang, S. Yamashita, "Non-synchronous optical sampling and data pattern recovery using a repetition-rate-tunable CNT pulsed laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6809-6811 (2008).

K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, "All-fiber normal-dispersion femtosecond laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 11453-11458 (2008).

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Dı´az, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, "Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 729-731 (2008).

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, "Mode-locked self-starting Cr:forsterite laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 2449-2451 (2008).

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, "Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fiber laser," Nature Nanotechnology 3, 738-742 (2008).

M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov, E. Dianov, "1.93 $\mu$m mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 1336-1338 (2008).

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, E. M. Dianov, "177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113-1-3 (2008).

F. Shohda, T. Shirato, M. Nakazawa, J. Mata, J. Tsukamoto, "147 fs, 51 MHz soliton fiber laser at 1.56 $\mu$m with a fiber-connector-type SWNT/P3HT saturable absorber," Opt. Exp. 16, 20943-20948 (2008).

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, S. Maruyama, "Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115-1-3 (2008).

J. W. Nicholson, D. J. DiGiovanni, "High-repetition-frequency low-noise fiber ring lasers mode-locked with carbon nanotubes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2123-2125 (2008).

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, A. K. Geim, "Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene," Science 320, 1308 (2008).

J. C. Charlier, P. C. Eklund, J. Zhu, A. C. Ferrari, "Electron and phonon properties of graphene: Their relationship with carbon nanotubes," Top. Appl. Phys. 111, 673-709 (2008).

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nature Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun'Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, J. N. Coleman, "High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite," Nature Nanotechnol. 3, 563-568 (2008).

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, "Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 042116-1-3 (2008).

Y. Z. Ma, T. Hertel, Z. V. Vardeny, G. R. Fleming, L. Valkunas, "Ultrafast spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes," Topics of Appl. Physics 111, 321-353 (2008).

D. Shimamoto, T. Sakurai, M. Itoh, Y. A. Kim, T. Hayashi, M. Endo, M. Terrones, "Nonlinear optical absorption and reflection of single wall carbon nanotube thin films by Z-scan technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081902-1-3 (2008).

A. Martinez, S. Uchida, Y. W. Song, T. Ishigure, S. Yamashita, "Fabrication of carbon nanotube poly-methyl-methacrylate composites for nonlinear photonic devices," Opt. Exp. 16, 11337-11343 (2008).

K. T. Dinh, Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, "Realization of all-fiber tunable filter and high optical power blocker using thinned fiber Bragg gratings coated with carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Exp. (2008).

A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, S. Yamashita, "In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing," Opt. Exp. 16, 15425-15430 (2008).

2007 (8)

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, "Carbon nanotube mode-lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 148-150 (2007).

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, "Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101-1-021101-3 (2007).

K. Kieu, M. Mansuripur, "Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite," Opt. Lett. 32, 2242-2244 (2007).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, "Optically manipulated deposition of Carbon Nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).

J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Optically driven deposition of single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces," Opt. Exp. 15, 9176-9183 (2007).

A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, "The rise of graphene," Nature Materials 6, 183-191 (2007).

J. C. Charlier, X. Blasé, S. Roche, "Electronic and transport properties of nanotubes," Rev. Modern Phys. 79, 677-732 (2007).

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, "Passively mode-locked lasers with 17.2-GHz fundamental-mode repetition rate pulsed by carbon nanotubes," Opt. Lett. 32, 430-432 (2007).

2006 (6)

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. Wise, "All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 10095-10100 (2006).

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 05118-1-3 (2006).

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, T. Kotake, S. Y. Set, "Mode-locked fiber lasers using adjustable saturable absorption in vertically aligned carbon nanotubes," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L17-L19 (2006).

P. Avouris, J. Chen, "Nanotube electronics and optoelectronics," Mater. Today 9, 46-54 (2006).

P. R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno, "Planer nano-graphenes from camphor by CVD," Chem. Phys. Lett. 430, 56-59 (2006).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, "Planar waveguide-type saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, (2006).

2005 (6)

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: Applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).

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2002 (5)

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2001 (1)

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Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, S. Maruyama, "Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115-1-3 (2008).

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K. K. Chow, M. Tsuji, S. Yamashita, "Single-walled carbon-nanotube-deposited tapered fiber for four-wave mixing based wavelength conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061104-1-3 (2010).

Y. C. Chen, N. Raravikar, L. Schadler, P. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 $\mu$m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, "Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 042116-1-3 (2008).

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Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, S. Maruyama, "Growth of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotube films on quartz substrates and their optical anisotropy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298-303 (2004).

Electron. Lett. (1)

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M. J. Bronikowski, P. A. Willis, D. T. Colbert, K. A. Smith, R. E. Smalley, "Gas-phase production of carbon single-walled nanotubes from carbon monoxide via the HiPco process: A parametric study," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1800-1805 (2001).

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K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, Y. W. Song, "A widely tunable wavelength conversion based on nonlinear polarization rotation in a carbon nanotubes deposited D-shaped fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 7664-7669 (2009).

K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, "Four-wave mixing in a single-walled carbon-nanotube-deposited D-shaped fiber and its application in tunable wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 17, 15608-15613 (2009).

J. Lim, K. Knabe, K. A. Tillman, W. Neely, Y. Wang, R. Amezcua-Correa, F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, K. L. Corwin, J. W. Nicholson, B. R. Washburn, "A phase-stabilized carbon nanotube fiber laser frequency comb," Opt. Exp. 17, 14115-14120 (2009).

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K. Kieu, M. Mansuripur, "Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite," Opt. Lett. 32, 2242-2244 (2007).

G. E. Villanueva, M. B. Jakubinek, B. Simard, C. J. Oton, J. Matres, L. Y. Shao, P. P. Millán, J. Albert, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of carbon nanotube-coated single-mode optical fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 36, 2104-2106 (2011).

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Dı´az, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, "Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 729-731 (2008).

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, "Mode-locked self-starting Cr:forsterite laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 2449-2451 (2008).

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, "Passively mode-locked lasers with 17.2-GHz fundamental-mode repetition rate pulsed by carbon nanotubes," Opt. Lett. 32, 430-432 (2007).

M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov, E. Dianov, "1.93 $\mu$m mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 1336-1338 (2008).

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, S. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).

K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, S. Y. Set, "Four-wave mixing based wavelength conversion using a single-walled carbon-nanotube-deposited planar lightwave circuit waveguide," Opt. Lett. 35, 2070-2072 (2010).

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, Z. Cai, "Graphene-based passively $Q$-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 35, 3709-3711 (2010).

S. Uchida, A. Martinez, Y. Song, T. Ishigure, S. Yamashita, "Carbon nanotube-doped polymer optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 34, 3077-3079 (2009).

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