Abstract

In this paper, novel designs of single and multiple sectioned passive polarization rotators (PRs) based on silica photonic crystal fiber (PCF) are studied and analyzed. The suggested PCF PRs have an L-shaped core region which offers nearly 100% polarization conversion ratio. The simulation results are obtained using the full vectorial finite difference method along with the full vectorial finite difference beam propagation method. The influence of the different waveguide parameters and operating wavelength on the PRs performances are investigated in order to obtain optimum PR designs. The single and multiple sectioned PCF PRs offer nearly 100% polarization conversion ratio with device lengths of 1743 μm and 1265 μm, respectively.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Heismann, R. W. Smith, "High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 311-318 (1994).
  2. I. Morita, K. Tanka, N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2506-2511 (1999).
  3. Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, "Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278-1280 (1991).
  4. S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahmann, H. A. El-Mikati, "Vector beam propagation analysis of polarization conversion in periodically loaded waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1346-1348 (2000).
  5. S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Beam propagation modelling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 681-683 (2001).
  6. S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, "Full vectorial finite element modeling of novel polarization rotators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 297-312 (2003).
  7. B. M. A. Rahman, S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, M. Rajarajan, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Design and characterisation of compact single-section passive polarization rotator," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 512-519 (2001).
  8. S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Improved design of a polarization converter based on semicondutor optical waveguide bends," Appl. Opt. 40, 5395-5401 (2001).
  9. L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, A. Anawati, M. Nielsen, P. Bassi, "Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 7483-7496 (2005).
  10. L. Wei, L. Eskildsen, J. Weirich, L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, A. Bjarklev, "Continuously tunable all-in-fiber devices based on thermal and electrical control of negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibers," Appl. Opt. 48, 497-503 (2009).
  11. M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Analysis of polarization rotator based on nematic liquid crystal photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 806-815 (2010).
  12. M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Polarization rotator based on soft glass photonic crystal fiber with liquid crystal core," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2725-2731 (2011).
  13. M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Design of passive polarization rotator based on silica photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 3133-3135 (2011).
  14. A. B. Fallahkhair, K. S. Li, T. E. Murphy, "Vector finite difference modesolver for anisotropic dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1423-1431 (2008).
  15. W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, "Complex coordinate stretching as a generalized absorbing boundary condition," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 15, 363-369 (1997).
  16. W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, "Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2639-2649 (1993).
  17. S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, H. A. El-Mikati, "New full vectorial numerically efficient propagation algorithm based on the finite element method," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 409-415 (2000).
  18. C. M. Weinert, H. Heidrich, "Vectorial simulation of passive TE/TM mode converter devices on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 324-326 (1993).
  19. M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu, A.-P. Zhao, "Highly birefringent rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 997-1000 (2004).
  20. M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu, "Polarization properties of elliptical-hole rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibres," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 512-515 (2004).

2011

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Polarization rotator based on soft glass photonic crystal fiber with liquid crystal core," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2725-2731 (2011).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Design of passive polarization rotator based on silica photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 3133-3135 (2011).

2010

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Analysis of polarization rotator based on nematic liquid crystal photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 806-815 (2010).

2009

2008

A. B. Fallahkhair, K. S. Li, T. E. Murphy, "Vector finite difference modesolver for anisotropic dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1423-1431 (2008).

2005

2004

M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu, A.-P. Zhao, "Highly birefringent rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 997-1000 (2004).

M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu, "Polarization properties of elliptical-hole rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibres," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 512-515 (2004).

2003

S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, "Full vectorial finite element modeling of novel polarization rotators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 297-312 (2003).

2001

B. M. A. Rahman, S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, M. Rajarajan, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Design and characterisation of compact single-section passive polarization rotator," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 512-519 (2001).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Improved design of a polarization converter based on semicondutor optical waveguide bends," Appl. Opt. 40, 5395-5401 (2001).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Beam propagation modelling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 681-683 (2001).

2000

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahmann, H. A. El-Mikati, "Vector beam propagation analysis of polarization conversion in periodically loaded waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1346-1348 (2000).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, H. A. El-Mikati, "New full vectorial numerically efficient propagation algorithm based on the finite element method," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 409-415 (2000).

1999

I. Morita, K. Tanka, N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2506-2511 (1999).

1997

W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, "Complex coordinate stretching as a generalized absorbing boundary condition," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 15, 363-369 (1997).

1994

F. Heismann, R. W. Smith, "High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 311-318 (1994).

1993

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, "Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2639-2649 (1993).

C. M. Weinert, H. Heidrich, "Vectorial simulation of passive TE/TM mode converter devices on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 324-326 (1993).

1991

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, "Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278-1280 (1991).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, "Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278-1280 (1991).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, "Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2639-2649 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahmann, H. A. El-Mikati, "Vector beam propagation analysis of polarization conversion in periodically loaded waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1346-1348 (2000).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Beam propagation modelling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 681-683 (2001).

C. M. Weinert, H. Heidrich, "Vectorial simulation of passive TE/TM mode converter devices on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 324-326 (1993).

IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

F. Heismann, R. W. Smith, "High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 311-318 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol.

I. Morita, K. Tanka, N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2506-2511 (1999).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, H. A. El-Mikati, "New full vectorial numerically efficient propagation algorithm based on the finite element method," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 409-415 (2000).

A. B. Fallahkhair, K. S. Li, T. E. Murphy, "Vector finite difference modesolver for anisotropic dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1423-1431 (2008).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Analysis of polarization rotator based on nematic liquid crystal photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 806-815 (2010).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Polarization rotator based on soft glass photonic crystal fiber with liquid crystal core," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2725-2731 (2011).

B. M. A. Rahman, S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, M. Rajarajan, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Design and characterisation of compact single-section passive polarization rotator," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 512-519 (2001).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu, A.-P. Zhao, "Highly birefringent rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 997-1000 (2004).

M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu, "Polarization properties of elliptical-hole rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibres," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 512-515 (2004).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, "Complex coordinate stretching as a generalized absorbing boundary condition," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 15, 363-369 (1997).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, "Full vectorial finite element modeling of novel polarization rotators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 297-312 (2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.