Abstract

A transmission fiber for mode division multiplexing supporting LP<sub>01</sub> and LP<sub>11</sub> modes, with low differential group delay, low mode coupling, and low loss for both modes is presented. Spatially and spectrally resolved mode imaging (S<sup>2</sup> imaging) is used for characterization.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, Jr., "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6°$6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).
  2. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  3. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, "Two mode transmission at 2°$100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer," Opt. Exp. 19, 16593-16600 (2011).
  4. K. Jespersen, Z. Li, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, F. Poletti, J. Nicholson, "Measuring distributed mode scattering in long, few-moded fibers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012) pp. 1-3.
  5. P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, L. Provost, "Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions," Proc. 37th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  6. J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, "Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 7233-7243 (2008).
  7. Y. Z. Ma, Y. Sych, G. Onishchukov, S. Ramachandran, U. Peschel, B. Schmauss, G. Leuchs, "Fiber-modes and fiber-anisotropy characterization using low-coherence interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 96, 345-353 (2009).
  8. D. N. Schimpf, R. A. Barankov, S. Ramachandran, "Cross-correlated (C2) imaging of fiber and waveguide modes," Opt. Exp. 19, 13008-13019 (2011).
  9. D. Menashe, M. Tur, Y. Danziger, "Interferometric technique for measuring dispersion of high order modes in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 37, 1439-1440 (2001).
  10. J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, M. D. Mermelstein, "Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 61-70 (2009).
  11. J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, R. Ortiz, "Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 20, 20494-20505 (2012).
  12. D. M. Nguyen, S. Blin, T. N. Nguyen, S. D. Le, L. Provino, M. Thual, T. Chartier, "Modal decomposition technique for multimode fibers," Appl. Opt. 51, 450-456 (2012).
  13. L. Grüner-Nielsen, J. W. Nicholson, "Stable mode converter for conversion between ${\rm LP}_{01}$ and ${\rm LP}_{11}$ using a thermally induced long period grating," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Top. Meet. (2012) pp. 214-215.

2012 (3)

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, Jr., "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6°$6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, R. Ortiz, "Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 20, 20494-20505 (2012).

D. M. Nguyen, S. Blin, T. N. Nguyen, S. D. Le, L. Provino, M. Thual, T. Chartier, "Modal decomposition technique for multimode fibers," Appl. Opt. 51, 450-456 (2012).

2011 (2)

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, "Two mode transmission at 2°$100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer," Opt. Exp. 19, 16593-16600 (2011).

D. N. Schimpf, R. A. Barankov, S. Ramachandran, "Cross-correlated (C2) imaging of fiber and waveguide modes," Opt. Exp. 19, 13008-13019 (2011).

2009 (2)

Y. Z. Ma, Y. Sych, G. Onishchukov, S. Ramachandran, U. Peschel, B. Schmauss, G. Leuchs, "Fiber-modes and fiber-anisotropy characterization using low-coherence interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 96, 345-353 (2009).

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, M. D. Mermelstein, "Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 61-70 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, "Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 7233-7243 (2008).

2001 (1)

D. Menashe, M. Tur, Y. Danziger, "Interferometric technique for measuring dispersion of high order modes in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 37, 1439-1440 (2001).

Appl. Opt. (1)

D. M. Nguyen, S. Blin, T. N. Nguyen, S. D. Le, L. Provino, M. Thual, T. Chartier, "Modal decomposition technique for multimode fibers," Appl. Opt. 51, 450-456 (2012).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Z. Ma, Y. Sych, G. Onishchukov, S. Ramachandran, U. Peschel, B. Schmauss, G. Leuchs, "Fiber-modes and fiber-anisotropy characterization using low-coherence interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 96, 345-353 (2009).

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Menashe, M. Tur, Y. Danziger, "Interferometric technique for measuring dispersion of high order modes in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 37, 1439-1440 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, M. D. Mermelstein, "Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 61-70 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, Jr., "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6°$6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, "Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 7233-7243 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (3)

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, "Two mode transmission at 2°$100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer," Opt. Exp. 19, 16593-16600 (2011).

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, R. Ortiz, "Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 20, 20494-20505 (2012).

D. N. Schimpf, R. A. Barankov, S. Ramachandran, "Cross-correlated (C2) imaging of fiber and waveguide modes," Opt. Exp. 19, 13008-13019 (2011).

Other (4)

K. Jespersen, Z. Li, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, F. Poletti, J. Nicholson, "Measuring distributed mode scattering in long, few-moded fibers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012) pp. 1-3.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, L. Provost, "Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions," Proc. 37th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (2011) pp. 1-3.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, J. W. Nicholson, "Stable mode converter for conversion between ${\rm LP}_{01}$ and ${\rm LP}_{11}$ using a thermally induced long period grating," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Top. Meet. (2012) pp. 214-215.

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