Abstract

We experimentally characterize the performance of 100-GHz electro-optical polymer Mach–Zehnder modulators in both dual-drive and single-drive versions using broadband modulation. For the dual-drive version, we measure bit-error rate (BER) at 80 Gbit/s for differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) and > 90 Gbit/s for on-off keying (OOK). The eye diagrams of 100 Gbit/s OOK and S21 measurement of up to 110-GHz further indicate a response bandwidth of >100 GHz. Tunable-chirp operation is also demonstrated by changing the phase and amplitude of each driving signal. For the single-drive version, a BER of 10-9 is achieved for both 100-Gbit/s OOK and DPSK signals without optical or electrical equalization. The single-drive version shows a 7-dB bandwidth of > 110-GHz and a chirp factor of as low as -0.02.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. D. Chen, H. R. Fetterman, A. Chen, W. H. Steier, L. R. Dalton, W. Wang, Y. Shi, "Demonstration of 110 GHz electro-optic polymer modulators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3335 (1997).
  2. R. Dinu, D. Jin, G. Yu, B. Chen, D. Huang, H. Chen, A. Barklund, E. Miller, C. Wei, J. Vemagiri, "Environmental stress testing of electro-optic polymer modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1527-1532 (2009).
  3. R. H. Derksen, M. Moller, C. Schubert, "100-Gbit/s full-ETDM transmission technologies," Proc. IEEE CSIC (2007) pp. 89-92.
  4. M. Camera, B.-E. Olsson, G. Bruno, "Beyond 100 Gbit/s: System implications towards 400 G and 1 T," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-15.
  5. J. Berthold, "Toward 100 G networking and beyond," Proc. ECOC (2011).
  6. P. Winzer, "Beyond 100 G ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).
  7. D. Van den Borne, V. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, "Towards 400 G and beyond: How to design the next generation of ultra-high capacity transmission systems," Proc. OECC (2011) pp. 429-432.
  8. G. Raybon, P. Winzer, C. Doerr, "1-Tb/s (10$\, {\times}$107 Gb/s) electronically multiplexed optical signal generation and WDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 233-238 (2007).
  9. S. Jansen, R. Derksen, C. Schubert, X. Zhou, M. Birk, C. Weiske, M. Bohn, D. van den Borne, P. Krummrich, M. Moller, F. Horst, B. Offrein, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, A. Kirstadter, "107-Gb/s full-ETDM transmission over field installed fiber using vestigial sideband modulation," Proc. OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (2007).
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  11. A. Kanno, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, T. Kawanishi, M. Sudo, K. Higuma, J. Ichikawa, "95-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK modulation with full-ETDM technique," Proc. ECOC (2010).
  12. J. Mallari, C. Wei, D. Jin, G. Yu, A. Barklund, E. Miller, P. O'Mathuna, R. Dinu, A. Motafakker-Fard, B. Jalali, "100 Gbps EO polymer modulator product and its characterization using a real-time digitizer," Proc. OFC, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2010).
  13. M. Chacinski, "Monolithically integrated 100 GHz DFB-TWEAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3410-3415 (2009).
  14. A. Kanno, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, M. Sudou, J. Ichikawa, "166 Gb/s PDM-NRZ-DPSK modulation using thin-LiNbO3-substrate modulator," Proc. OFC, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2010).
  15. A. Kanno, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, M. Sudo, K. Higuma, J. Ichikawa, T. Kawanishi, "90 Gbaud NRZ-DP-DQPSK modulation with full-ETDM technique using high-speed optical IQ modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 1179-1186.
  16. S. R. Nuccio, R. Dinu, B. Shamee, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Willner, "Modulation and chirp characterization of a 100-GHz EO polymer Mach-Zehnder modulator," Proc. NFOEC, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2011).
  17. H. Huang, J. Yang, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, S. R. Nuccio, R. Dinu, D. Parekh, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, A. Willner, "100-Gbit/s amplitude and phase modulation characterization of a single-drive, low-V $\pi$ polymer mach-zehnder modulator," Proc. OFC OSA Technical Digest (2012).
  18. D. Jin, D. Huang, B. Chen, H. Chen, L. Zheng, A. Barklund, G. Yu, E. Miller, M. Moolayil, B. Li, R. Dinu, "Low half-wave voltage modulators using nonlinear optical polymers," Proc. SPIE (2007).
  19. S. K. Kim, H. Zhang, D. H. Chang, C. Zhang, C. Wang;, W. H. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, "Electrooptic polymer modulators with an inverted-rib waveguide structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 218-220 (2003).
  20. G. Yu, J. Mallari, H. Shen, E. Miller, C. Wei, V. Shofman, D. Jin, B. Chen, H. Chen, R. Dinu, "40 GHz zero chirp single-ended EO polymer modulators with low half-wave voltage," Proc. CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Appl., OSA Tech. Dig. CD) (2011).
  21. W. Wang, Y. Shi, D. J. Olson, W. Lin, J. H. Bechtel, "Push-pull poled polymer Mach-Zehnder modulators with a single microstrip line electrode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 51-53 (1999).
  22. A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, L. Poti, "All-optical regeneration and demultiplexing for 160-gb/s transmission systems using a NOLM-based three-stage scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 192-196 (2004).
  23. C. W. Chow;, H. K. Tsang, "Polarization-independent DPSK demodulation using a birefringent fiber loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1313-1315 (2005).

2010 (1)

P. Winzer, "Beyond 100 G ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).

2009 (2)

R. Dinu, D. Jin, G. Yu, B. Chen, D. Huang, H. Chen, A. Barklund, E. Miller, C. Wei, J. Vemagiri, "Environmental stress testing of electro-optic polymer modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1527-1532 (2009).

M. Chacinski, "Monolithically integrated 100 GHz DFB-TWEAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3410-3415 (2009).

2007 (1)

G. Raybon, P. Winzer, C. Doerr, "1-Tb/s (10$\, {\times}$107 Gb/s) electronically multiplexed optical signal generation and WDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 233-238 (2007).

2006 (1)

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, M. Duelk, C. Dorrer, "107-Gb/s optical signal generation using electronic time-division multiplexing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3107-3113 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. W. Chow;, H. K. Tsang, "Polarization-independent DPSK demodulation using a birefringent fiber loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1313-1315 (2005).

2004 (1)

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, L. Poti, "All-optical regeneration and demultiplexing for 160-gb/s transmission systems using a NOLM-based three-stage scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 192-196 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. K. Kim, H. Zhang, D. H. Chang, C. Zhang, C. Wang;, W. H. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, "Electrooptic polymer modulators with an inverted-rib waveguide structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 218-220 (2003).

1999 (1)

W. Wang, Y. Shi, D. J. Olson, W. Lin, J. H. Bechtel, "Push-pull poled polymer Mach-Zehnder modulators with a single microstrip line electrode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 51-53 (1999).

1997 (1)

D. Chen, H. R. Fetterman, A. Chen, W. H. Steier, L. R. Dalton, W. Wang, Y. Shi, "Demonstration of 110 GHz electro-optic polymer modulators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3335 (1997).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Chen, H. R. Fetterman, A. Chen, W. H. Steier, L. R. Dalton, W. Wang, Y. Shi, "Demonstration of 110 GHz electro-optic polymer modulators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3335 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. W. Chow;, H. K. Tsang, "Polarization-independent DPSK demodulation using a birefringent fiber loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1313-1315 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

P. Winzer, "Beyond 100 G ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, L. Poti, "All-optical regeneration and demultiplexing for 160-gb/s transmission systems using a NOLM-based three-stage scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 192-196 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. Wang, Y. Shi, D. J. Olson, W. Lin, J. H. Bechtel, "Push-pull poled polymer Mach-Zehnder modulators with a single microstrip line electrode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 51-53 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. K. Kim, H. Zhang, D. H. Chang, C. Zhang, C. Wang;, W. H. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, "Electrooptic polymer modulators with an inverted-rib waveguide structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 218-220 (2003).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

A. Kanno, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, M. Sudo, K. Higuma, J. Ichikawa, T. Kawanishi, "90 Gbaud NRZ-DP-DQPSK modulation with full-ETDM technique using high-speed optical IQ modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 1179-1186.

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, M. Duelk, C. Dorrer, "107-Gb/s optical signal generation using electronic time-division multiplexing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3107-3113 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

M. Chacinski, "Monolithically integrated 100 GHz DFB-TWEAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3410-3415 (2009).

G. Raybon, P. Winzer, C. Doerr, "1-Tb/s (10$\, {\times}$107 Gb/s) electronically multiplexed optical signal generation and WDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 233-238 (2007).

R. Dinu, D. Jin, G. Yu, B. Chen, D. Huang, H. Chen, A. Barklund, E. Miller, C. Wei, J. Vemagiri, "Environmental stress testing of electro-optic polymer modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1527-1532 (2009).

Other (12)

R. H. Derksen, M. Moller, C. Schubert, "100-Gbit/s full-ETDM transmission technologies," Proc. IEEE CSIC (2007) pp. 89-92.

M. Camera, B.-E. Olsson, G. Bruno, "Beyond 100 Gbit/s: System implications towards 400 G and 1 T," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-15.

J. Berthold, "Toward 100 G networking and beyond," Proc. ECOC (2011).

S. Jansen, R. Derksen, C. Schubert, X. Zhou, M. Birk, C. Weiske, M. Bohn, D. van den Borne, P. Krummrich, M. Moller, F. Horst, B. Offrein, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, A. Kirstadter, "107-Gb/s full-ETDM transmission over field installed fiber using vestigial sideband modulation," Proc. OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (2007).

D. Van den Borne, V. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, "Towards 400 G and beyond: How to design the next generation of ultra-high capacity transmission systems," Proc. OECC (2011) pp. 429-432.

A. Kanno, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, M. Sudou, J. Ichikawa, "166 Gb/s PDM-NRZ-DPSK modulation using thin-LiNbO3-substrate modulator," Proc. OFC, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2010).

A. Kanno, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, T. Kawanishi, M. Sudo, K. Higuma, J. Ichikawa, "95-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK modulation with full-ETDM technique," Proc. ECOC (2010).

J. Mallari, C. Wei, D. Jin, G. Yu, A. Barklund, E. Miller, P. O'Mathuna, R. Dinu, A. Motafakker-Fard, B. Jalali, "100 Gbps EO polymer modulator product and its characterization using a real-time digitizer," Proc. OFC, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2010).

S. R. Nuccio, R. Dinu, B. Shamee, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Willner, "Modulation and chirp characterization of a 100-GHz EO polymer Mach-Zehnder modulator," Proc. NFOEC, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2011).

H. Huang, J. Yang, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, S. R. Nuccio, R. Dinu, D. Parekh, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, A. Willner, "100-Gbit/s amplitude and phase modulation characterization of a single-drive, low-V $\pi$ polymer mach-zehnder modulator," Proc. OFC OSA Technical Digest (2012).

D. Jin, D. Huang, B. Chen, H. Chen, L. Zheng, A. Barklund, G. Yu, E. Miller, M. Moolayil, B. Li, R. Dinu, "Low half-wave voltage modulators using nonlinear optical polymers," Proc. SPIE (2007).

G. Yu, J. Mallari, H. Shen, E. Miller, C. Wei, V. Shofman, D. Jin, B. Chen, H. Chen, R. Dinu, "40 GHz zero chirp single-ended EO polymer modulators with low half-wave voltage," Proc. CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Appl., OSA Tech. Dig. CD) (2011).

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