Abstract

The concept of building block and circuit-model simulation in photonics is presented and discussed, pointing out their key role in a generic foundry approach. Circuit simulation based on building-block approach, in addition and alternative to the classical electromagnetic analysis, emerges as the most useful framework for a deep exploitation of the potentiality of photonics for the large-scale integration of complex circuits. The reliability of building-block-based design and simulation of photonics integrated circuits is discussed and comparisons between simulated and measured behavior of three challenging test circuits are used as proof of concept of the validity of this approach.

© 2012 IEEE

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References

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  1. "European manufacturing platform for photonic integrated circuits (EuroPIC)," 7th Framework Programme http://europic.jeppix.eu.
  2. "Photonic advanced research and development for integrated generic manufacturing (PARADIGM)," 7th Framework Programme http://paradigm.jeppix.eu.
  3. ePIXfab http://www.epixfab.eu.
  4. Shared Access Platform to PHotonic Integrated REsources (SAPPHIRE) http://sapphire.dei.polimi.it.
  5. M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, "Towards fabless silicon photonics," Nature Photon. 4, 492-494 (2010).
  6. K. Lawniczuk, R. Piramidowicz, P. Szczepanski, P. J. Williams, M. J. Wale, M. K. Smit, X. J. M. Leijtens, "8-channel AWG-based multiwavelength laser fabricated in a multi-project wafer run," Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater./Comp. Semicond. Week (2011) pp. 1-4.
  7. A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, G. Morea, F. Morichetti, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, "Design kits and circuit simulation in integrated optics," Integr. Photon. Res., Silicon Nanophoton. MontereyCA (2010) Paper JTuB24.
  8. M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. Van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, M. Schell, "Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics," IET Optoelectron. 5, 187-194 (2011).
  9. X. Leijtens, "JePPIX: The platform for InP-based photonics," IET Optoelectron. 5, 202-206 (2011).
  10. R. Baets, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, A. Chelnokov, J.-M. Fedeli, L. Vanholme, D. Steyaert, "Building technology platforms and foundries for photonic integrated circuits in Europe silicon photonics and photonic integrated circuits," Conf. Silicon Photon. Photon. Integr. Circuits StrasbourgFrance (2008).
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  12. K. C. Gupta, R. Garg, R. Chadha, Computer-Aided Design of Microwave Circuits (Artech House, 1981).
  13. Filarete srl ItalyMilano www.aspicdesign.com.
  14. U. Glombitza, E. Brinkmeyer, "Coherent frequency-domain reflectometry for characterization of single-mode integrated-optical waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1377-1384 (1993).
  15. F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, M. Torregiani, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, "Roughness induced backscattering in optical silicon waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033902-1-033902-4 (2010).
  16. A. Melloni, F. Carniel, R. Costa, M. Martinelli, "Determination of bend mode characteristics in dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 571-577 (2001).
  17. A. Melloni, P. Monguzzi, R. Costa, M. Martinelli, "Design of curved waveguides: The matched bend," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 130-137 (2003).
  18. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1991).
  19. Phoenix BV The NetherlandsEnschede www.phoenixbv.com.

2011

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. Van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, M. Schell, "Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics," IET Optoelectron. 5, 187-194 (2011).

X. Leijtens, "JePPIX: The platform for InP-based photonics," IET Optoelectron. 5, 202-206 (2011).

2010

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, M. Torregiani, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, "Roughness induced backscattering in optical silicon waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033902-1-033902-4 (2010).

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, "Towards fabless silicon photonics," Nature Photon. 4, 492-494 (2010).

2003

A. Melloni, P. Monguzzi, R. Costa, M. Martinelli, "Design of curved waveguides: The matched bend," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 130-137 (2003).

2001

A. Melloni, F. Carniel, R. Costa, M. Martinelli, "Determination of bend mode characteristics in dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 571-577 (2001).

1996

X. J. M. Leijtens, P. Le Lourecand, M. K. Smit, "S-matrix oriented CAD-tool for simulating complex integrated optical circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 257-262 (1996).

1993

U. Glombitza, E. Brinkmeyer, "Coherent frequency-domain reflectometry for characterization of single-mode integrated-optical waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1377-1384 (1993).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

X. J. M. Leijtens, P. Le Lourecand, M. K. Smit, "S-matrix oriented CAD-tool for simulating complex integrated optical circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 257-262 (1996).

IET Optoelectron.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. Van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, M. Schell, "Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics," IET Optoelectron. 5, 187-194 (2011).

IET Optoelectron.

X. Leijtens, "JePPIX: The platform for InP-based photonics," IET Optoelectron. 5, 202-206 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol.

U. Glombitza, E. Brinkmeyer, "Coherent frequency-domain reflectometry for characterization of single-mode integrated-optical waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1377-1384 (1993).

A. Melloni, F. Carniel, R. Costa, M. Martinelli, "Determination of bend mode characteristics in dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 571-577 (2001).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

A. Melloni, P. Monguzzi, R. Costa, M. Martinelli, "Design of curved waveguides: The matched bend," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 130-137 (2003).

Nature Photon.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, "Towards fabless silicon photonics," Nature Photon. 4, 492-494 (2010).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, M. Torregiani, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, "Roughness induced backscattering in optical silicon waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033902-1-033902-4 (2010).

Other

K. C. Gupta, R. Garg, R. Chadha, Computer-Aided Design of Microwave Circuits (Artech House, 1981).

Filarete srl ItalyMilano www.aspicdesign.com.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1991).

Phoenix BV The NetherlandsEnschede www.phoenixbv.com.

K. Lawniczuk, R. Piramidowicz, P. Szczepanski, P. J. Williams, M. J. Wale, M. K. Smit, X. J. M. Leijtens, "8-channel AWG-based multiwavelength laser fabricated in a multi-project wafer run," Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater./Comp. Semicond. Week (2011) pp. 1-4.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, G. Morea, F. Morichetti, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, "Design kits and circuit simulation in integrated optics," Integr. Photon. Res., Silicon Nanophoton. MontereyCA (2010) Paper JTuB24.

R. Baets, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, A. Chelnokov, J.-M. Fedeli, L. Vanholme, D. Steyaert, "Building technology platforms and foundries for photonic integrated circuits in Europe silicon photonics and photonic integrated circuits," Conf. Silicon Photon. Photon. Integr. Circuits StrasbourgFrance (2008).

"European manufacturing platform for photonic integrated circuits (EuroPIC)," 7th Framework Programme http://europic.jeppix.eu.

"Photonic advanced research and development for integrated generic manufacturing (PARADIGM)," 7th Framework Programme http://paradigm.jeppix.eu.

ePIXfab http://www.epixfab.eu.

Shared Access Platform to PHotonic Integrated REsources (SAPPHIRE) http://sapphire.dei.polimi.it.

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