Abstract

A high conversion efficiency microwave photonic frequency downconverter based on an integrated dual-parallel Mach Zehnder modulator (DPMZM) and optical phase shifter configuration, is presented. This structure features the advantages of high conversion efficiency, robust operation, and ability to function over a very wide frequency range. The introduction of a novel phase shifter that is incorporated within the structure enables a high rejection of over 45 dB of the local oscillator (LO) to be achieved. The integrated DPMZM based photonic mixer also has a lower noise figure and a higher spurious free dynamic range compared to the conventional dual-series modulator based photonic mixer. Experimental results demonstrate a significant improvement of 23.7 dB in the conversion efficiency compared to the conventional dual-series modulator based photonic mixer for the same optical power into the photodetector.

© 2012 IEEE

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  3. G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, C. H. Bulmer, "Microw.-optical mixing in LiNbO$_{3}$ modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383-2391 (1993).
  4. E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh, R. A. Minasian, "Photonics-based wideband linearised mixer," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 500-502 (2003).
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  6. K. P. Ho, S. K. Liaw, C. Lin, "Frequency doubling photonic mixer with low conversion loss," Proc. OFC'97 (1997) pp. 356-357.
  7. M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, "Low-biased fiber-optic link for microwave downconversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692-1694 (1996).
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  9. R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, C. Cox, "A down-conversion optical link with RF gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 956-960 (1997).
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  13. D. S. Shin, G. L. Li, C. K. Sun, S. A. Pappert, K. K. Loi, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, "Optoelectronic RF signal mixing using an electroabsorption waveguide as an integrated photodetector/mixer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 193-195 (2000).
  14. T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase and frequency by use of electro-optic effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-91 (2007).

2007 (1)

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase and frequency by use of electro-optic effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-91 (2007).

2006 (2)

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

H. J. Song, J. I. Song, "Simultaneous all-optical frequency downconversion technique utilizing an SOA-MZI for WDM radio over fiber (RoF) applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3028-3034 (2006).

2003 (1)

E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh, R. A. Minasian, "Photonics-based wideband linearised mixer," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 500-502 (2003).

2000 (1)

D. S. Shin, G. L. Li, C. K. Sun, S. A. Pappert, K. K. Loi, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, "Optoelectronic RF signal mixing using an electroabsorption waveguide as an integrated photodetector/mixer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 193-195 (2000).

1997 (2)

J. T. Gallo, K. D. Breuer, J. B. Wood, "Millimeter wave frequency converting fiber optic link modelling and results," SPIE 3160, 106-113 (1997).

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, C. Cox, "A down-conversion optical link with RF gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 956-960 (1997).

1996 (2)

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, "Low-biased fiber-optic link for microwave downconversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692-1694 (1996).

1993 (1)

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, C. H. Bulmer, "Microw.-optical mixing in LiNbO$_{3}$ modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383-2391 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase and frequency by use of electro-optic effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-91 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, "Low-biased fiber-optic link for microwave downconversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692-1694 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. S. Shin, G. L. Li, C. K. Sun, S. A. Pappert, K. K. Loi, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, "Optoelectronic RF signal mixing using an electroabsorption waveguide as an integrated photodetector/mixer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 193-195 (2000).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, C. H. Bulmer, "Microw.-optical mixing in LiNbO$_{3}$ modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383-2391 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, C. Cox, "A down-conversion optical link with RF gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 956-960 (1997).

H. J. Song, J. I. Song, "Simultaneous all-optical frequency downconversion technique utilizing an SOA-MZI for WDM radio over fiber (RoF) applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3028-3034 (2006).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh, R. A. Minasian, "Photonics-based wideband linearised mixer," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 500-502 (2003).

SPIE (1)

J. T. Gallo, K. D. Breuer, J. B. Wood, "Millimeter wave frequency converting fiber optic link modelling and results," SPIE 3160, 106-113 (1997).

Other (4)

S. R. O'Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, T. R. Clark, Jr."Experimental demonstration of RF photonic downconversion from 4–40 GHz," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photonics (MWP 2009) (2009) pp. 1-3.

K. P. Ho, S. K. Liaw, C. Lin, "Frequency doubling photonic mixer with low conversion loss," Proc. OFC'97 (1997) pp. 356-357.

B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "A carrier-suppressed phase-modulated fiber optic link with IF downconversion of 30 GHz 64-QAM signals," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photonics (MWP 2009) (2009) pp. 1-4.

M. E. Manka, "Microw. photonics electronic warfare technologies for Australian defence," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photonics (MWP 2008) (2008) pp. 1-2.

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