Abstract

Singlemode-multimode-singlemode fiber structures (SMS) based on distinct sections of a pure silica multimode fiber (coreless-MMF) with diameters of 125 and 55 µm, were reported for the measurement of curvature and temperature. The sensing concept relies on the multimode interference that occurs in the coreless-MMF section and, in accordance with the length of the MMF section used, two fiber devices were developed: one based on a bandpass filter (self-image effect) and the other on a band-rejection filter. Maximum sensitivities of 64.7 nm·m and 13.08 pm/°C could be attained, for curvature and temperature, respectively, using the band-rejection filter with 55 µm-MMF diameter. A proof of concept was also explored for the simultaneous measurement of curvature and temperature by means of the matrix method.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
  2. O. Frazão, S. Silva, J. Viegas, L. A. Ferreira, F. M. Araújo, J. L. Santos, "Optical fiber refractometry based on multimode interference," Appl. Opt. 50, E184-188 (2011).
  3. W. S. Mohammed, P. W. E. Smith, X. Gu, "All-fiber multimode interference bandpass filter," Opt. Lett. 31, 2547-2549 (2006).
  4. C. R. Biazoli, S. Silva, M. A. R. Franco, O. Frazão, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Multimode interference tapered fiber refractive index sensors," Appl. Opt. submitted.
  5. A. Castillo-Guzman, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, D. A. May-Arrioja, J. Estudillo-Ayala, P. L. Wa, "Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on multimode interference effect," Opt. Exp. 18, 591-597 (2010).
  6. E. Li, "Sensitivity-enhanced fiber-optic strain sensor based on interference of higher order modes in circular fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1266-1268 (2007).
  7. R. X. Gao, Q. Wang, F. Zhao, B. Meng, S. L. Qu, "Optimal design and fabrication of SMS fiber temperature sensor for liquid," Opt. Commun. 283, 3149-3152 (2010).
  8. Y. Gong, T. Zhao, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, "All-fiber curvature sensor based on multimode interference," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 679-681 (2011).
  9. S. Silva, E. G. P. Pachon, M. A. R. Franco, J. G. Hayashi, F. X. Malcata, O. Frazão, P. Jorge, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Ultra-high temperature-sensitivity sensor based on multimode interference," Appl. Opt. 51, 3236-3242 (2012).
  10. Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, G. Farrell, "Singlemode-multimode-singlemode fiber structures for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2181-2185 (2011).
  11. L. Coelho, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, O. Frazão, "Multimode interference in outer cladding large-core air-clad photonic crystal fiber," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 54, 1009-1011 (2012).
  12. S. Silva, O. Frazão, J. Viegas, L. A. Ferreira, F. M. Araújo, F. X. Malcata, J. L. Santos, "Temperature and strain-independent curvature sensor based on a singlemode/multimode fiber optic structure," Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 085201 (2011).
  13. W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, B. Culshaw, "Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: Error analysis," Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).
  14. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Elsevier, 2006).
  15. K. Kawano, T. Kitoh, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis (Wiley, 2001) pp. 165-230.

2012 (2)

S. Silva, E. G. P. Pachon, M. A. R. Franco, J. G. Hayashi, F. X. Malcata, O. Frazão, P. Jorge, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Ultra-high temperature-sensitivity sensor based on multimode interference," Appl. Opt. 51, 3236-3242 (2012).

L. Coelho, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, O. Frazão, "Multimode interference in outer cladding large-core air-clad photonic crystal fiber," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 54, 1009-1011 (2012).

2011 (4)

S. Silva, O. Frazão, J. Viegas, L. A. Ferreira, F. M. Araújo, F. X. Malcata, J. L. Santos, "Temperature and strain-independent curvature sensor based on a singlemode/multimode fiber optic structure," Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 085201 (2011).

Y. Gong, T. Zhao, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, "All-fiber curvature sensor based on multimode interference," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 679-681 (2011).

Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, G. Farrell, "Singlemode-multimode-singlemode fiber structures for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2181-2185 (2011).

O. Frazão, S. Silva, J. Viegas, L. A. Ferreira, F. M. Araújo, J. L. Santos, "Optical fiber refractometry based on multimode interference," Appl. Opt. 50, E184-188 (2011).

2010 (2)

A. Castillo-Guzman, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, D. A. May-Arrioja, J. Estudillo-Ayala, P. L. Wa, "Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on multimode interference effect," Opt. Exp. 18, 591-597 (2010).

R. X. Gao, Q. Wang, F. Zhao, B. Meng, S. L. Qu, "Optimal design and fabrication of SMS fiber temperature sensor for liquid," Opt. Commun. 283, 3149-3152 (2010).

2007 (1)

E. Li, "Sensitivity-enhanced fiber-optic strain sensor based on interference of higher order modes in circular fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1266-1268 (2007).

2006 (1)

1997 (1)

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, B. Culshaw, "Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: Error analysis," Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

E. Li, "Sensitivity-enhanced fiber-optic strain sensor based on interference of higher order modes in circular fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1266-1268 (2007).

Y. Gong, T. Zhao, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, "All-fiber curvature sensor based on multimode interference," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 679-681 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Silva, O. Frazão, J. Viegas, L. A. Ferreira, F. M. Araújo, F. X. Malcata, J. L. Santos, "Temperature and strain-independent curvature sensor based on a singlemode/multimode fiber optic structure," Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 085201 (2011).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, G. Farrell, "Singlemode-multimode-singlemode fiber structures for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2181-2185 (2011).

L. Coelho, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, O. Frazão, "Multimode interference in outer cladding large-core air-clad photonic crystal fiber," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 54, 1009-1011 (2012).

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. X. Gao, Q. Wang, F. Zhao, B. Meng, S. L. Qu, "Optimal design and fabrication of SMS fiber temperature sensor for liquid," Opt. Commun. 283, 3149-3152 (2010).

Opt. Eng. (1)

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, B. Culshaw, "Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: Error analysis," Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

Opt. Exp. (1)

A. Castillo-Guzman, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, D. A. May-Arrioja, J. Estudillo-Ayala, P. L. Wa, "Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on multimode interference effect," Opt. Exp. 18, 591-597 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Elsevier, 2006).

K. Kawano, T. Kitoh, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis (Wiley, 2001) pp. 165-230.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.