Abstract

A theoretical model to describe Holmium-doped fiber lasers pumped by Laser-diodes around 1.125 μm is presented. With considerations of important energy transfer processes, such as laser re-absorption, cross-relaxation (CR), energy transfer upconversion (ETU), and excited state absorption (ESA), good agreement is achieved between the simulations and experimental measurements. The ESA process is found playing an important role to the fiber laser performance, and the CR and ETU processes make a negative contribution to the lasers. On the basis of the model, optimization of the lasers threshold and slope efficiency as well as output power on the length of active media, the output coupling, pump wavelength, and Ho$^{3+}$ ions concentration are investigated. It is found that lower doping concentration (about 5000 ~ 10000 ppm) for the fiber lasers is preferred for efficient operation.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, "Theoretical model of Tm-doped silica fiber laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 948-956 (1999).
  2. T. Yulong, X. Jianqiu, C. Wei, L. Shiyu, "150-W Tm3+-doped fiber lasers with different cooling techniques and output couplings," Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, (2010).
  3. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, "CW operation of a 1.064 μm pumped Tm-Ho-doped silica fiber laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1578-1587 (1998).
  4. K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, P. M. Weber, "Continuous-wave oscillation of thulium-sensitized holmium-doped silica fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 278-280 (1994).
  5. S. D. Jackson, "High-power 83 W holmium-doped silica fiber laser operating with high beam quality," Opt. Lett. 32, 241-243 (2007).
  6. D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho: YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
  7. S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, G. Erbert, "Directly diode-pumped holmium fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 32, 2496-2498 (2007).
  8. A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Y. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, "Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber," Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661-664 (2009).
  9. A. S. Kurkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Marakulin, "All-fiber 10 W holmium lasers pumped at λ=1.15 μm," Opt. Lett. 35, 490-492 (2010).
  10. L. B. Sham, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, "Measurement of up-conversion energy-transfer probabilities in Ho:Y3A15O12 and Tm:Y3A15O12," Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609-6619 (1994).
  11. B. Peng, T. Izumitani, "Optical properties, fluorescence mechanisms and energy transfer in Tm3+, Ho3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped near-infrared laser glasses sensitized by Yb3+," Opt. Mat. 4, 797-810 (1995).
  12. A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, "Effect of active-ion concentration on holmium fibre laser efficiency," Quantum Electron. 35, 1085 (2005).
  13. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross—section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
  14. S. D. Jackson, "Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 187-191 (2006).

2010 (2)

T. Yulong, X. Jianqiu, C. Wei, L. Shiyu, "150-W Tm3+-doped fiber lasers with different cooling techniques and output couplings," Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, (2010).

A. S. Kurkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Marakulin, "All-fiber 10 W holmium lasers pumped at λ=1.15 μm," Opt. Lett. 35, 490-492 (2010).

2009 (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Y. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, "Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber," Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661-664 (2009).

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

S. D. Jackson, "Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 187-191 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, "Effect of active-ion concentration on holmium fibre laser efficiency," Quantum Electron. 35, 1085 (2005).

2004 (1)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho: YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).

1999 (1)

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, "Theoretical model of Tm-doped silica fiber laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 948-956 (1999).

1998 (1)

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, "CW operation of a 1.064 μm pumped Tm-Ho-doped silica fiber laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1578-1587 (1998).

1995 (1)

B. Peng, T. Izumitani, "Optical properties, fluorescence mechanisms and energy transfer in Tm3+, Ho3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped near-infrared laser glasses sensitized by Yb3+," Opt. Mat. 4, 797-810 (1995).

1994 (2)

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, P. M. Weber, "Continuous-wave oscillation of thulium-sensitized holmium-doped silica fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 278-280 (1994).

L. B. Sham, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, "Measurement of up-conversion energy-transfer probabilities in Ho:Y3A15O12 and Tm:Y3A15O12," Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609-6619 (1994).

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross—section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho: YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yulong, X. Jianqiu, C. Wei, L. Shiyu, "150-W Tm3+-doped fiber lasers with different cooling techniques and output couplings," Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, (2010).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, "CW operation of a 1.064 μm pumped Tm-Ho-doped silica fiber laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1578-1587 (1998).

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross—section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).

S. D. Jackson, "Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 187-191 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, "Theoretical model of Tm-doped silica fiber laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 948-956 (1999).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Y. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, "Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber," Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661-664 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mat. (1)

B. Peng, T. Izumitani, "Optical properties, fluorescence mechanisms and energy transfer in Tm3+, Ho3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped near-infrared laser glasses sensitized by Yb3+," Opt. Mat. 4, 797-810 (1995).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. B. Sham, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, "Measurement of up-conversion energy-transfer probabilities in Ho:Y3A15O12 and Tm:Y3A15O12," Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609-6619 (1994).

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, "Effect of active-ion concentration on holmium fibre laser efficiency," Quantum Electron. 35, 1085 (2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.