Abstract

In this paper, we highlight the key reasons behind the poor power efficiency observed in multiple experiments in gain-guided index-antiguided (GG-IAG) fiber amplifiers and lasers. We show that by properly designing the fiber geometrical characteristics, it is possible to considerably improve the power efficiency of GG-IAG fiber amplifiers in end-pumping schemes.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. A. E. Siegman, "Propagating modes in gain-guided optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 1617-1628 (2003).
  2. A. E. Siegman, "Gain-guided, index-antiguided fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 1677-1682 (2007).
  3. A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M.-C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, "Confined propagation and near single mode laser oscillation in a gain guided, index antiguided optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
  4. Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M.-C. Richardson, M. Bass, "Very large-core, single-mode, gain-guided, index-antiguided fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 32, 2505-2507 (2007).
  5. V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, A. E. Siegman, "Diode-pumped 200 μm diameter core, gain-guided, index-antiguided single mode fiber laser," Appl. Phys. B 90, 369-372 (2008).
  6. W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, M. Bass, "Scalable side-pumped, gain-guided index-anti-guided fiber laser," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 27, 2451-2459 (2010).
  7. X. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Hageman, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, C. Xiong, J. Ballato, M. Bass, "Transverse mode competition in gain-guided index antiguided fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 191-196 (2012).
  8. K. M. Gundu, P. G. Yarandi, A. Mafi, "Beam-quality factor of single-mode gain-guided fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 35, 4124-4126 (2010).
  9. P. G. Yarandi, K. M. Gundu, A. Mafi, "On the beam profile and beam quality of gain-guided index-antiguided fibers with finite cladding boundary," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 2430-2435 (2011).
  10. T. H. Her, "Gain-guiding in transverse grating waveguides for large modal area laser amplifiers," Opt. Express 16, 7197-7202 (2008).
  11. K. L. Yan, E. Y. Zhou, W. Wei, B. Peng, "Efficiency of pump absorption in gain-guided and index-antiguided (GG-IAG) fiber," J. Mod. Opt. 57, 480-484 (2010).
  12. M. Lu, W. Li, K. Zou, S. Dai, W. Wei, B. Peng, "Yb$^{+3}$ doped 200 μm diameter core, gain-guided index-antiguided fiber," Appl. Phys. B 98, 301-304 (2010).
  13. W. Li, M. Lu, Z. Yang, H. Guo, P. Wang, B. Peng, "Fabrication and characterization of Yb+3 doped gain-guided index-antiguided fiber with D-shaped inner cladding," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1498-1501 (2011).
  14. R. Paschotta, "Ytterbium doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
  15. H. S. Haddock, P. M. Shankar, R. Mutharasan, "Fabrication of biconical tapered optical fibers using hydrofluoric acid," Mat. Sci. Eng.: B 97, 87-93 (2002).

2012 (1)

X. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Hageman, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, C. Xiong, J. Ballato, M. Bass, "Transverse mode competition in gain-guided index antiguided fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 191-196 (2012).

2011 (2)

P. G. Yarandi, K. M. Gundu, A. Mafi, "On the beam profile and beam quality of gain-guided index-antiguided fibers with finite cladding boundary," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 2430-2435 (2011).

W. Li, M. Lu, Z. Yang, H. Guo, P. Wang, B. Peng, "Fabrication and characterization of Yb+3 doped gain-guided index-antiguided fiber with D-shaped inner cladding," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1498-1501 (2011).

2010 (4)

K. L. Yan, E. Y. Zhou, W. Wei, B. Peng, "Efficiency of pump absorption in gain-guided and index-antiguided (GG-IAG) fiber," J. Mod. Opt. 57, 480-484 (2010).

M. Lu, W. Li, K. Zou, S. Dai, W. Wei, B. Peng, "Yb$^{+3}$ doped 200 μm diameter core, gain-guided index-antiguided fiber," Appl. Phys. B 98, 301-304 (2010).

K. M. Gundu, P. G. Yarandi, A. Mafi, "Beam-quality factor of single-mode gain-guided fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 35, 4124-4126 (2010).

W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, M. Bass, "Scalable side-pumped, gain-guided index-anti-guided fiber laser," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 27, 2451-2459 (2010).

2008 (2)

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, A. E. Siegman, "Diode-pumped 200 μm diameter core, gain-guided, index-antiguided single mode fiber laser," Appl. Phys. B 90, 369-372 (2008).

T. H. Her, "Gain-guiding in transverse grating waveguides for large modal area laser amplifiers," Opt. Express 16, 7197-7202 (2008).

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M.-C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, "Confined propagation and near single mode laser oscillation in a gain guided, index antiguided optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).

2003 (1)

A. E. Siegman, "Propagating modes in gain-guided optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 1617-1628 (2003).

2002 (1)

H. S. Haddock, P. M. Shankar, R. Mutharasan, "Fabrication of biconical tapered optical fibers using hydrofluoric acid," Mat. Sci. Eng.: B 97, 87-93 (2002).

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, "Ytterbium doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1049-1056 (1997).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, A. E. Siegman, "Diode-pumped 200 μm diameter core, gain-guided, index-antiguided single mode fiber laser," Appl. Phys. B 90, 369-372 (2008).

M. Lu, W. Li, K. Zou, S. Dai, W. Wei, B. Peng, "Yb$^{+3}$ doped 200 μm diameter core, gain-guided index-antiguided fiber," Appl. Phys. B 98, 301-304 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M.-C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, "Confined propagation and near single mode laser oscillation in a gain guided, index antiguided optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

R. Paschotta, "Ytterbium doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1049-1056 (1997).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

K. L. Yan, E. Y. Zhou, W. Wei, B. Peng, "Efficiency of pump absorption in gain-guided and index-antiguided (GG-IAG) fiber," J. Mod. Opt. 57, 480-484 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (2)

A. E. Siegman, "Propagating modes in gain-guided optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 1617-1628 (2003).

A. E. Siegman, "Gain-guided, index-antiguided fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 1677-1682 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (4)

W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, M. Bass, "Scalable side-pumped, gain-guided index-anti-guided fiber laser," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 27, 2451-2459 (2010).

X. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Hageman, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, C. Xiong, J. Ballato, M. Bass, "Transverse mode competition in gain-guided index antiguided fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 191-196 (2012).

W. Li, M. Lu, Z. Yang, H. Guo, P. Wang, B. Peng, "Fabrication and characterization of Yb+3 doped gain-guided index-antiguided fiber with D-shaped inner cladding," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1498-1501 (2011).

P. G. Yarandi, K. M. Gundu, A. Mafi, "On the beam profile and beam quality of gain-guided index-antiguided fibers with finite cladding boundary," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 2430-2435 (2011).

Mat. Sci. Eng.: B (1)

H. S. Haddock, P. M. Shankar, R. Mutharasan, "Fabrication of biconical tapered optical fibers using hydrofluoric acid," Mat. Sci. Eng.: B 97, 87-93 (2002).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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