Abstract

Translucent networks utilize sparse placements of optical–electronic–optical (O/E/O) 3R (reamplification, reshaping, and retiming) regenerators to improve the cost effectiveness and energy efficiency of wavelength-routed optical transport networks. In this paper, we show that the energy cost of a translucent network can be further reduced by leveraging the energy efficiency of all-optical 2R (reamplification and reshaping) regenerators. We propose a translucent network infrastructure that uses all-optical 2R regenerators to partially replace O/E/O 3R regenerators and implements mixed regenerator placements (MRP).We first consider the problem of MRP along a single given path, and propose three path-based impairment-aware MRP algorithms, based on periodic placement, genetic algorithm (GA), and ant colony optimization (ACO). We then address the offline network planning problem and develop a heuristic algorithm. By incorporating with one of the proposed MRP algorithms, the heuristic can achieve joint optimization of MRP and routing and wavelength assignment for high energy efficiency. We design simulations to compare the performance of different offline network planning scenarios and to see which one can provide the best balance between quality of transmission and energy cost. Simulation results show that the algorithm achieves 58.91–73.62% saving on regeneration energy, compared to the traditional scheme without all-optical 2R regenerators. The results also indicate that the joint optimization using the MRP-GA obtains the best network planning in terms of energy efficiency. Finally, we address the problem of online provisioning, and propose several algorithms to serve dynamic lightpath requests in translucent networks with MRP, and implement them in simulations to compare their performance in terms of blocking probability. Simulation results indicate that the online provisioning algorithm that utilizes the combination of the MRP-GA and a multiple MRP scheme achieves the lowest blocking probability.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Ramamurthy, "Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (1999) pp. 59-61.
  2. B. Ramamurthy, "Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommun. Conf. (2001) pp. 1-5.
  3. C. Saradhi, "Practical and deployment issues to be considered in regenerator placement and operation of translucent optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Netw. (2010).
  4. X. Yang, "Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case," J. Lightw. Technol 23, 955-971 (2005).
  5. N. Shinomiya, "Hybrid link/path-based design for translucent photonic network dimensioning," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2931-2941 (2007).
  6. S. Pachnicke, "Physical impairment based regenerator placement and routing in translucent optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  7. K. Manousakis, "Offline impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in translucent WDM optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1866-1877 (2009).
  8. K. Manousakis, "Joint online routing, wavelength assignment and regenerator allocation in translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1152-1163 (2010).
  9. G. Shen, "Sparse traffic grooming in translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4471-4479 (2009).
  10. A. Nag, "Transparent vs. translucent optical network design with mixed line rates," Proc. Optical Fiber Commn. Conf. (2009).
  11. R. Martinez, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).
  12. S. Azodolmolky, "A novel impairment aware RWA algorithm with consideration of QoT estimation inaccuracy," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 290-299 (2011).
  13. S. Azodolmolky, "Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 439-448 (2011).
  14. D. Shen, "Efficient regenerator placement and wavelength assignment in optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011).
  15. Y. Zhu, "Efficient impairment-constrained 3R regenerator placement for light-trees in optical networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 359-371 (2011).
  16. N. Sambo, "Encompassing ROADM add/drop constraints in GMPLS-based WSONs," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 23, 86-95 (2012).
  17. O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).
  18. Z. Zhu, "43 Gb/s 264 km field fiber transmission using 2R regeneration in a tunable all-optical signal regenerator," Proc. Conf. Laser Electro-Optics (2005).
  19. G. Maxwell, "Hybrid integration technology for high functionality devices in optical communications," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  20. Z. Zhu, "Design green and cost-effective translucent optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011).
  21. Z. Zhu, "Mixed placement of 1R/2R/3R regenerators in translucent optical networks to achieve green and cost-effective design," IEEE Commun. Lett 15, 752-754 (2011).
  22. Z. Zhu, "Joint optimization of mixed regenerator placement and wavelength assignment for green translucent optical networks," Proc. Asia Commun. Photon. Conf. and Exhib. (2011).
  23. W. Zhong, "Design energy efficient translucent optical networks with joint routing and wavelength assignment and mixed regenerator placement," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2012).
  24. Z. Zhu, "Jitter and amplitude noise accumulations in cascaded all-optical regenerators," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1640-1652 (2008).
  25. P. Ohlen, "Noise accumulation and BER estimates in concatenated nonlinear optoelectronic repeaters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 9, 1011-1013 (1997).
  26. Z. Zhu, "High-performance all-optical 3R regeneration for scalable fiber transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 504-511 (2007).
  27. M. Annalisa, "Power management of optoelectronic interface for dynamic optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. and Exhib. Optical Commun. (2011).
  28. T. Tsuritani, "Optical path computation element interworking with network management system for transparent mesh networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. (2008).
  29. S. Rai, "On provisioning in all-optical networks: An impairment-aware approach," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 17, 1989-2001 (2009).
  30. Z. Zhu, "Using genetic algorithm to optimize mixed regenerator placement of 1R/2R/3R regenerators in translucent lightpaths for energy-efficient design," IEEE Commun. Lett 16, 262-264 (2012).
  31. M. Murakami, "Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Netw. (2009).

2012

N. Sambo, "Encompassing ROADM add/drop constraints in GMPLS-based WSONs," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 23, 86-95 (2012).

Z. Zhu, "Using genetic algorithm to optimize mixed regenerator placement of 1R/2R/3R regenerators in translucent lightpaths for energy-efficient design," IEEE Commun. Lett 16, 262-264 (2012).

2011

Z. Zhu, "Mixed placement of 1R/2R/3R regenerators in translucent optical networks to achieve green and cost-effective design," IEEE Commun. Lett 15, 752-754 (2011).

S. Azodolmolky, "A novel impairment aware RWA algorithm with consideration of QoT estimation inaccuracy," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 290-299 (2011).

S. Azodolmolky, "Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 439-448 (2011).

Y. Zhu, "Efficient impairment-constrained 3R regenerator placement for light-trees in optical networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 359-371 (2011).

2010

R. Martinez, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).

K. Manousakis, "Joint online routing, wavelength assignment and regenerator allocation in translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1152-1163 (2010).

2009

G. Shen, "Sparse traffic grooming in translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4471-4479 (2009).

K. Manousakis, "Offline impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in translucent WDM optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1866-1877 (2009).

S. Rai, "On provisioning in all-optical networks: An impairment-aware approach," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 17, 1989-2001 (2009).

2008

Z. Zhu, "Jitter and amplitude noise accumulations in cascaded all-optical regenerators," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1640-1652 (2008).

2007

Z. Zhu, "High-performance all-optical 3R regeneration for scalable fiber transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 504-511 (2007).

N. Shinomiya, "Hybrid link/path-based design for translucent photonic network dimensioning," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2931-2941 (2007).

2005

X. Yang, "Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case," J. Lightw. Technol 23, 955-971 (2005).

2003

O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

1997

P. Ohlen, "Noise accumulation and BER estimates in concatenated nonlinear optoelectronic repeaters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 9, 1011-1013 (1997).

Eur. Trans. Telecommun.

N. Sambo, "Encompassing ROADM add/drop constraints in GMPLS-based WSONs," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 23, 86-95 (2012).

IEEE Commun. Lett

Z. Zhu, "Using genetic algorithm to optimize mixed regenerator placement of 1R/2R/3R regenerators in translucent lightpaths for energy-efficient design," IEEE Commun. Lett 16, 262-264 (2012).

IEEE Commun. Lett

Z. Zhu, "Mixed placement of 1R/2R/3R regenerators in translucent optical networks to achieve green and cost-effective design," IEEE Commun. Lett 15, 752-754 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett

P. Ohlen, "Noise accumulation and BER estimates in concatenated nonlinear optoelectronic repeaters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 9, 1011-1013 (1997).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

S. Rai, "On provisioning in all-optical networks: An impairment-aware approach," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 17, 1989-2001 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol

X. Yang, "Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case," J. Lightw. Technol 23, 955-971 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol.

N. Shinomiya, "Hybrid link/path-based design for translucent photonic network dimensioning," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2931-2941 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

G. Shen, "Sparse traffic grooming in translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4471-4479 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol.

K. Manousakis, "Offline impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in translucent WDM optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1866-1877 (2009).

K. Manousakis, "Joint online routing, wavelength assignment and regenerator allocation in translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1152-1163 (2010).

O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

R. Martinez, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).

S. Azodolmolky, "Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 439-448 (2011).

Z. Zhu, "High-performance all-optical 3R regeneration for scalable fiber transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 504-511 (2007).

Z. Zhu, "Jitter and amplitude noise accumulations in cascaded all-optical regenerators," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1640-1652 (2008).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

Other

D. Shen, "Efficient regenerator placement and wavelength assignment in optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011).

Z. Zhu, "43 Gb/s 264 km field fiber transmission using 2R regeneration in a tunable all-optical signal regenerator," Proc. Conf. Laser Electro-Optics (2005).

G. Maxwell, "Hybrid integration technology for high functionality devices in optical communications," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

Z. Zhu, "Design green and cost-effective translucent optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011).

A. Nag, "Transparent vs. translucent optical network design with mixed line rates," Proc. Optical Fiber Commn. Conf. (2009).

S. Pachnicke, "Physical impairment based regenerator placement and routing in translucent optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

B. Ramamurthy, "Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (1999) pp. 59-61.

B. Ramamurthy, "Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommun. Conf. (2001) pp. 1-5.

C. Saradhi, "Practical and deployment issues to be considered in regenerator placement and operation of translucent optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Netw. (2010).

Z. Zhu, "Joint optimization of mixed regenerator placement and wavelength assignment for green translucent optical networks," Proc. Asia Commun. Photon. Conf. and Exhib. (2011).

W. Zhong, "Design energy efficient translucent optical networks with joint routing and wavelength assignment and mixed regenerator placement," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2012).

M. Annalisa, "Power management of optoelectronic interface for dynamic optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. and Exhib. Optical Commun. (2011).

T. Tsuritani, "Optical path computation element interworking with network management system for transparent mesh networks," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. (2008).

M. Murakami, "Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Netw. (2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.