Abstract

The bending loss and birefringence in an embedded-core hollow fiber are investigated numerically and experimentally. The bending losses of the fiber for two polarized lights are measured for different bending orientations and bending radii. Both the simulated and measured results show that the bending loss of the embedded-core hollow fiber has a strong directional dependence. The bending loss is larger and more sensitive to bending radius when the fiber is bent toward the core direction. In the opposite bending direction, the fiber has the antibending capacity. Because the core of the fiber sample is a nonstrict elliptical, a critical orientation angle exists during the bending of the optical fiber. Away from the critical angle, the bending losses are not sensitive to the bending orientation regardless of antibending direction or bending sensitive direction. The group birefringence of the optical fiber is also measured.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. L. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, "Efficient supercontinuum generations in silica suspended core fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 19629-19642 (2008).
  2. P. St., J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
  3. V. I. Kopp, V. R. M. Churikov, A. Z. Genack, "Synchronization of optical polarization conversion and scattering in chiral fibers," Opt. Lett 31, 571-573 (2006).
  4. C. Y. Guan, L. B. Yuan, F. J. Tian, Q. Dai, "Characteristics of near-surface-core optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol 29, 3004-3008 (2011).
  5. O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, "Temperature- and strain-independent torsion sensor using a fiber loop mirror based on suspended twin-core fiber," Opt. Lett 35, 2777-2779 (2010).
  6. A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, J. K. Sahu, "Suspended-core holey fiber for evanescent-field sensing," Opt. Eng. 46, 010503-1-010503-3 (2007).
  7. M. Hautakorpi, M. Mattinen, H. Ludvigsen, "Surface-plasmon-resonance sensor based on three-hole microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 8427-8432 (2008).
  8. E. Chmielewska, W. Urba?czyk, W. J. Bock, "Measurement of pressure and temperature sensitivities of a Bragg grating imprinted in a highly birefringent side-hole fiber," Appl. Opt 42, 6284-6291 (2003).
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  14. T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, Y. Goto, T. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, "Design of single-mode and low-bending-loss hole-assisted fiber and its MPI characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol 29, 2499-2505 (2011).
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2011 (3)

C. Y. Guan, L. B. Yuan, F. J. Tian, Q. Dai, "Characteristics of near-surface-core optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol 29, 3004-3008 (2011).

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, Y. Goto, T. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, "Design of single-mode and low-bending-loss hole-assisted fiber and its MPI characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol 29, 2499-2505 (2011).

C. Y. Guan, F. J. Tian, Q. Dai, L. B. Yuan, "Characteristics of embedded-core hollow optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 20069-20078 (2011).

2010 (3)

Y. P. Wang, X. L. Tan, W. Jin, S. J. Liu, D. Q. Ying, Y. L. Hoo, "Improved bending property of half-filled photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12197-12202 (2010).

K. Nakajima, T. Shimizu, T. Matsui, C. Fukai, T. Kurashima, "Single-mode hole-assisted fiber as a bending-loss insensitive fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 392-398 (2010).

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, "Temperature- and strain-independent torsion sensor using a fiber loop mirror based on suspended twin-core fiber," Opt. Lett 35, 2777-2779 (2010).

2009 (1)

S. H. Lee, B. H. Kim, W. T. Han, "Effect of filler metals on the temperature sensitivity of side-hole fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 9712-9717 (2009).

2008 (2)

M. Hautakorpi, M. Mattinen, H. Ludvigsen, "Surface-plasmon-resonance sensor based on three-hole microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 8427-8432 (2008).

L. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, "Efficient supercontinuum generations in silica suspended core fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 19629-19642 (2008).

2007 (2)

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, J. K. Sahu, "Suspended-core holey fiber for evanescent-field sensing," Opt. Eng. 46, 010503-1-010503-3 (2007).

D. S. Moon, B. H. Kim, A. Lin, G. Sun, Y. G. Han, W. T. Han, Y. Chung, "The temperature sensitivity of Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining side-hole fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 7962-7967 (2007).

2006 (1)

V. I. Kopp, V. R. M. Churikov, A. Z. Genack, "Synchronization of optical polarization conversion and scattering in chiral fibers," Opt. Lett 31, 571-573 (2006).

2005 (2)

K. Himeno, S. Matsuo, N. Guan, A. Wada, "Low-bending-loss single-mode fibers for fiber-to-the-home," J. Lightw. Technol 23, 3494-3499 (2005).

Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design and characterization of single-mode holey fibers with low bending losses," Opt. Exp. 13, 4770-4779 (2005).

2003 (2)

E. Chmielewska, W. Urba?czyk, W. J. Bock, "Measurement of pressure and temperature sensitivities of a Bragg grating imprinted in a highly birefringent side-hole fiber," Appl. Opt 42, 6284-6291 (2003).

P. St., J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).

1997 (1)

P. L. Teixeira, W. C. Chew, "Systematic derivation of anisotropic PML absorbing media in cylindrical and spherical coordinates," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 7, 371-373 (1997).

1975 (1)

M. Heiblum, J. H. Harris, "Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 75-83 (1975).

Appl. Opt (1)

E. Chmielewska, W. Urba?czyk, W. J. Bock, "Measurement of pressure and temperature sensitivities of a Bragg grating imprinted in a highly birefringent side-hole fiber," Appl. Opt 42, 6284-6291 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Heiblum, J. H. Harris, "Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 75-83 (1975).

IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. (1)

P. L. Teixeira, W. C. Chew, "Systematic derivation of anisotropic PML absorbing media in cylindrical and spherical coordinates," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 7, 371-373 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, Y. Goto, T. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, "Design of single-mode and low-bending-loss hole-assisted fiber and its MPI characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol 29, 2499-2505 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol (2)

K. Himeno, S. Matsuo, N. Guan, A. Wada, "Low-bending-loss single-mode fibers for fiber-to-the-home," J. Lightw. Technol 23, 3494-3499 (2005).

C. Y. Guan, L. B. Yuan, F. J. Tian, Q. Dai, "Characteristics of near-surface-core optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol 29, 3004-3008 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (4)

S. H. Lee, B. H. Kim, W. T. Han, "Effect of filler metals on the temperature sensitivity of side-hole fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 9712-9717 (2009).

D. S. Moon, B. H. Kim, A. Lin, G. Sun, Y. G. Han, W. T. Han, Y. Chung, "The temperature sensitivity of Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining side-hole fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 7962-7967 (2007).

Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design and characterization of single-mode holey fibers with low bending losses," Opt. Exp. 13, 4770-4779 (2005).

M. Hautakorpi, M. Mattinen, H. Ludvigsen, "Surface-plasmon-resonance sensor based on three-hole microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 8427-8432 (2008).

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, J. K. Sahu, "Suspended-core holey fiber for evanescent-field sensing," Opt. Eng. 46, 010503-1-010503-3 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (3)

C. Y. Guan, F. J. Tian, Q. Dai, L. B. Yuan, "Characteristics of embedded-core hollow optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 20069-20078 (2011).

Y. P. Wang, X. L. Tan, W. Jin, S. J. Liu, D. Q. Ying, Y. L. Hoo, "Improved bending property of half-filled photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12197-12202 (2010).

L. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, "Efficient supercontinuum generations in silica suspended core fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 19629-19642 (2008).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

K. Nakajima, T. Shimizu, T. Matsui, C. Fukai, T. Kurashima, "Single-mode hole-assisted fiber as a bending-loss insensitive fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 392-398 (2010).

Opt. Lett (2)

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, "Temperature- and strain-independent torsion sensor using a fiber loop mirror based on suspended twin-core fiber," Opt. Lett 35, 2777-2779 (2010).

V. I. Kopp, V. R. M. Churikov, A. Z. Genack, "Synchronization of optical polarization conversion and scattering in chiral fibers," Opt. Lett 31, 571-573 (2006).

Science (1)

P. St., J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).

Other (1)

F. J. Tian, L. B. Yuan, Q. Dai, Z. H. Liu, "Design and fabrication of embedded two elliptical cores hollow fiber," Proc. SPIE (2011) pp. 819911-1-819911-8.

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