Abstract

We report on a system to control the emitted wavelength of a laser independently from its pump conditions. To illustrate the concept, it is applied to III-V microdisk lasers fabricated on a CMOS pilot line for application to multicolored optical interconnections. Two different control systems are experimentally studied. The first one requires two coupling areas between the resonator and its coupled waveguide while the second solution is based on a photonic crystal mirror and a single coupling area. In both cases, the independent tuning of their emission from the pump conditions is demonstrated with a very high compacity. A controlled multimode emission in microdisk lasers is obtained for the first time.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. D. Miller, "Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips," Proc. IEEE 97, 1166-1185 (2009).
  2. L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, S. Laval, J. Fedeli, J. Damlencourt, Y. Lecunff, "42 GHz waveguide germanium-on-silicon vertical PIN photodetector," Proc. 5th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2008) pp. 185-187.
  3. L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, "40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications," Electron. Lett. 43, (2007).
  4. E. Kyriakis-Bitzaros, N. Haralabidis, M. Lagadas, A. Georgakilas, Y. Moisiadis, G. Halkias, "Realistic end-to-end simulation of the optoelectronic links and comparison with the electrical interconnections for system-on-chip applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1532-1542 (2001).
  5. J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. Fedeli, R. Baets, "A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345-1347 (2008).
  6. F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, R. Orobtchouk, P. Viktorovitch, "Compact modulated and tunable microdisk laser using vertical coupling and a feedback loop," Opt. Exp. 18, 19612-19625 (2010).
  7. C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (2002).
  8. L. Liu, J. Brouckaert, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Compact wavelength-selective resonant photodetector based on III-V/silicon-on-insulator heterogeneous integration," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (2009).
  9. M. Masi, R. Orobtchouk, G. Fan, J. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, "Towards a realistic modelling of ultra-compact racetrack resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3233-3242 (2010).
  10. A. Morand, K. Phan-Huy, Y. Desieres, P. Benech, "Analytical study of the microdisk's resonant modes coupling with a waveguide based on the perturbation theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 827-832 (2004).
  11. F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, "A simple perturbative analysis for fast design of an electrically pumped micro-disk laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 70-79 (2009).
  12. F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo-Romeo, J. Fedeli, H. MD-Sohrab, R. Orobtchouck, "Mode density reduction and coupling in microdisk lasers processed on a 200 mm CMOS pilot line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1183-1185 (2011).
  13. L. Grenouillet, A. Bavencove, T. Dupont, Al, "CMOS compatible contacts and etching for InP-on-silicon active devices," Proc. Group IV Photon. (2009).
  14. Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, M. Lipson, "12.5 Gbit.s$^{-1}$ carrier-injection-based silicon micro-ring silicon modulators," Opt. Exp. 15, 430-436 (2007).
  15. J. McCaulley, V. Donnelly, M. Vernon, I. Taha, "Temperature dependence of the near-infrared refractive index of silicon, gallium arsenide, and indium phosphide," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7408 (1994).
  16. F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, J. Fedeli, P. Viktorovitch, "Improvement of threshold and mode selectivity of a microdisk laser by engineering its coupling to an external passive cavity," Proc. 6th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2009) pp. 205-207.
  17. P. Velha, J. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. Hugonin, D. Peyrade, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, "Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide," New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).

2011

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo-Romeo, J. Fedeli, H. MD-Sohrab, R. Orobtchouck, "Mode density reduction and coupling in microdisk lasers processed on a 200 mm CMOS pilot line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1183-1185 (2011).

2010

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, R. Orobtchouk, P. Viktorovitch, "Compact modulated and tunable microdisk laser using vertical coupling and a feedback loop," Opt. Exp. 18, 19612-19625 (2010).

M. Masi, R. Orobtchouk, G. Fan, J. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, "Towards a realistic modelling of ultra-compact racetrack resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3233-3242 (2010).

2009

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, "A simple perturbative analysis for fast design of an electrically pumped micro-disk laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 70-79 (2009).

D. Miller, "Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips," Proc. IEEE 97, 1166-1185 (2009).

2008

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. Fedeli, R. Baets, "A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345-1347 (2008).

2007

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, "40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications," Electron. Lett. 43, (2007).

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, M. Lipson, "12.5 Gbit.s$^{-1}$ carrier-injection-based silicon micro-ring silicon modulators," Opt. Exp. 15, 430-436 (2007).

2006

P. Velha, J. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. Hugonin, D. Peyrade, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, "Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide," New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).

2004

A. Morand, K. Phan-Huy, Y. Desieres, P. Benech, "Analytical study of the microdisk's resonant modes coupling with a waveguide based on the perturbation theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 827-832 (2004).

2002

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (2002).

2001

E. Kyriakis-Bitzaros, N. Haralabidis, M. Lagadas, A. Georgakilas, Y. Moisiadis, G. Halkias, "Realistic end-to-end simulation of the optoelectronic links and comparison with the electrical interconnections for system-on-chip applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1532-1542 (2001).

1994

J. McCaulley, V. Donnelly, M. Vernon, I. Taha, "Temperature dependence of the near-infrared refractive index of silicon, gallium arsenide, and indium phosphide," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7408 (1994).

Electron. Lett.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, "40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications," Electron. Lett. 43, (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. Fedeli, R. Baets, "A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345-1347 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo-Romeo, J. Fedeli, H. MD-Sohrab, R. Orobtchouck, "Mode density reduction and coupling in microdisk lasers processed on a 200 mm CMOS pilot line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1183-1185 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol.

E. Kyriakis-Bitzaros, N. Haralabidis, M. Lagadas, A. Georgakilas, Y. Moisiadis, G. Halkias, "Realistic end-to-end simulation of the optoelectronic links and comparison with the electrical interconnections for system-on-chip applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1532-1542 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. Masi, R. Orobtchouk, G. Fan, J. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, "Towards a realistic modelling of ultra-compact racetrack resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3233-3242 (2010).

A. Morand, K. Phan-Huy, Y. Desieres, P. Benech, "Analytical study of the microdisk's resonant modes coupling with a waveguide based on the perturbation theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 827-832 (2004).

New J. Phys.

P. Velha, J. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. Hugonin, D. Peyrade, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, "Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide," New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).

Opt. Exp.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, M. Lipson, "12.5 Gbit.s$^{-1}$ carrier-injection-based silicon micro-ring silicon modulators," Opt. Exp. 15, 430-436 (2007).

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, "A simple perturbative analysis for fast design of an electrically pumped micro-disk laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 70-79 (2009).

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, R. Orobtchouk, P. Viktorovitch, "Compact modulated and tunable microdisk laser using vertical coupling and a feedback loop," Opt. Exp. 18, 19612-19625 (2010).

Phys. Rev. B

J. McCaulley, V. Donnelly, M. Vernon, I. Taha, "Temperature dependence of the near-infrared refractive index of silicon, gallium arsenide, and indium phosphide," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7408 (1994).

Proc. IEEE

D. Miller, "Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips," Proc. IEEE 97, 1166-1185 (2009).

Other

L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, S. Laval, J. Fedeli, J. Damlencourt, Y. Lecunff, "42 GHz waveguide germanium-on-silicon vertical PIN photodetector," Proc. 5th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2008) pp. 185-187.

L. Liu, J. Brouckaert, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Compact wavelength-selective resonant photodetector based on III-V/silicon-on-insulator heterogeneous integration," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (2009).

F. Mandorlo, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, J. Fedeli, P. Viktorovitch, "Improvement of threshold and mode selectivity of a microdisk laser by engineering its coupling to an external passive cavity," Proc. 6th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2009) pp. 205-207.

L. Grenouillet, A. Bavencove, T. Dupont, Al, "CMOS compatible contacts and etching for InP-on-silicon active devices," Proc. Group IV Photon. (2009).

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