Abstract

This paper reports a comprehensive study of pump- to-signal intensity modulation transfer (IMT) in single-pump fiber optic parametric amplifiers (FOPAs). In particular, the IMT is studied for the first time for high-frequency fluctuations of the pump as well as in the saturated gain regime. The IMT cut-off frequency in typical single-pump FOPAs is around 100–200 GHz. The possibilities to shift this frequency based on dispersion and nonlinearities involved in the parametric gain are discussed. The severe IMT to the signal at low modulation frequencies can be suppressed by more than 50% in the gain saturation regime with respect to the linear gain operation. Experimental results confirm the validity of the numerical study.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P.-O. Hedekvist, "Fibre-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).
  2. G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Multi-wavelength conversion with gain by a high-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2954-2960 (2005).
  3. G. Kalogerakis, K. Shimizu, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Wong, K. Uesaka, L. G. Kazovsky, "High-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA for amplification of communication signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3021-3027 (2006).
  4. Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 8, 2884-2893 (2010).
  5. P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Gain and wavelength dependence of the noise figure in fiber optical parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1255-1257 (2006).
  6. M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump to signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).
  7. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Pump-noise transfer in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier: Walk-off effects," Opt. Lett. 30, 1048-1050 (2005).
  8. P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).
  9. K. Inoue, T. Mukai, "Experimental study of noise characteristics of a gain-saturated fiber optical parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 969-974 (2002).
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).
  11. P. Kylemark, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Semi-analytical saturation theory of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3471-3479 (2006).

2010 (1)

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 8, 2884-2893 (2010).

2006 (3)

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Gain and wavelength dependence of the noise figure in fiber optical parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1255-1257 (2006).

G. Kalogerakis, K. Shimizu, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Wong, K. Uesaka, L. G. Kazovsky, "High-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA for amplification of communication signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3021-3027 (2006).

P. Kylemark, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Semi-analytical saturation theory of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3471-3479 (2006).

2005 (3)

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Multi-wavelength conversion with gain by a high-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2954-2960 (2005).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump to signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Pump-noise transfer in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier: Walk-off effects," Opt. Lett. 30, 1048-1050 (2005).

2004 (1)

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).

2002 (2)

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, "Experimental study of noise characteristics of a gain-saturated fiber optical parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 969-974 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P.-O. Hedekvist, "Fibre-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Gain and wavelength dependence of the noise figure in fiber optical parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1255-1257 (2006).

IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P.-O. Hedekvist, "Fibre-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

G. Kalogerakis, K. Shimizu, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Wong, K. Uesaka, L. G. Kazovsky, "High-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA for amplification of communication signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3021-3027 (2006).

P. Kylemark, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Semi-analytical saturation theory of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3471-3479 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Multi-wavelength conversion with gain by a high-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2954-2960 (2005).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump to signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, "Experimental study of noise characteristics of a gain-saturated fiber optical parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 969-974 (2002).

Opt. Lett. (1)

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Pump-noise transfer in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier: Walk-off effects," Opt. Lett. 30, 1048-1050 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 8, 2884-2893 (2010).

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).

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