Abstract

Photonic microwave downconversion based on an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) is interesting because the local oscillator signal is directly extracted from the RF signal, but some of the frequency components in the RF signal would leak to the oscillation signal due to the limited rejection ratio of the electrical bandpass filter in the OEO, which degrades the downconverted signal. In this paper, a high-performance photonic microwave downconverter based on a frequency-doubling OEO (FD-OEO) is proposed and demonstrated to avoid the direct degradation from the RF signal. A 20-GHz RF signal with 1-Gb/s data modulation is successfully downconverted by the FD-OEO. The phase noise at 10-kHz frequency offset of the extracted RF carrier by the FD-OEO is 14 dB lower than that extracted by a conventional OEO, and the receiver sensitivity of the downconverted signal has a 1.173-dB improvement. The downconverter needs only low-frequency devices, which may find application in phased-array antenna arrays, electronic warfare receivers, avionics, and wireless communication systems.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. K. E. Alameh, "Frequency downconverter for high-capacity fibre grating based beamformers for phased arrays," Electron. Lett. 35, 66-67 (1999).
  2. A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, T. K. Woodward, "Optically filtered microwave photonic links for RF signal processing applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2394-2401 (2011).
  3. C.-S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, S. Radic, "Reconfigurable parametric channelized receiver for instantaneous spectral analysis," Opt. Exp. 19, 3531-3541 (2011).
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  5. T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).
  6. W. Shieh, S. X. Yao, G. Lutes, L. Maleki, "Microwave signal mixing by using a fiber-based optoelectronic oscillator for wavelength-division multiplexed systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Dig. (1997) pp. 358-359.
  7. C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).
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  12. V. R. Pagán, B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "Linearized electrooptic microwave downconversion using phase modulation and optical filtering," Opt. Exp. 19, 883-895 (2011).
  13. S. J. Strutz, P. Biernacki, L. Nichols, K. J. Williams, "Demonstration of a wide-band image rejection microwave downconverter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 687-689 (2000).
  14. X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).
  15. X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Ultra-low phase noise dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Digest (1998) pp. 353-354.
  16. S. Pan, J. Yao, "Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3531-3539 (2009).
  17. D. Zhu, S. Pan, D. Ben, "Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 194-196 (2012).
  18. X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).
  19. L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).
  20. J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).
  21. P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
  22. X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, H. H. M. Shalaby, T. H. Cheng, P. D. Ye, "A performance analysis of an all-optical clock extraction circuit based on Fabry-Perot filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 603-613 (2001).
  23. H. Tsuchida, "Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1509-1511 (2008).
  24. S. Pan, J. Yao, "Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1460-1468 (2010).

2012 (1)

D. Zhu, S. Pan, D. Ben, "Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 194-196 (2012).

2011 (3)

V. R. Pagán, B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "Linearized electrooptic microwave downconversion using phase modulation and optical filtering," Opt. Exp. 19, 883-895 (2011).

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, T. K. Woodward, "Optically filtered microwave photonic links for RF signal processing applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2394-2401 (2011).

C.-S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, S. Radic, "Reconfigurable parametric channelized receiver for instantaneous spectral analysis," Opt. Exp. 19, 3531-3541 (2011).

2010 (1)

S. Pan, J. Yao, "Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1460-1468 (2010).

2009 (1)

S. Pan, J. Yao, "Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3531-3539 (2009).

2008 (1)

H. Tsuchida, "Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1509-1511 (2008).

2006 (1)

P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

2004 (1)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

2003 (2)

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

2001 (1)

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, H. H. M. Shalaby, T. H. Cheng, P. D. Ye, "A performance analysis of an all-optical clock extraction circuit based on Fabry-Perot filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 603-613 (2001).

2000 (1)

S. J. Strutz, P. Biernacki, L. Nichols, K. J. Williams, "Demonstration of a wide-band image rejection microwave downconverter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 687-689 (2000).

1999 (3)

K. E. Alameh, "Frequency downconverter for high-capacity fibre grating based beamformers for phased arrays," Electron. Lett. 35, 66-67 (1999).

K.-I. Kitayana, R. A. Griffin, "Optical downconversion from millimeter-wave to IF-band over 50 km-long optical fiber link using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 287-289 (1999).

J. M. Fuster, J. Marti, "Optimization of the dynamic range in optically amplified harmonic downconverting fiber-optic links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 877-879 (1999).

1997 (1)

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, C. Cox, III"A down-conversion optical link with RF gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 956-961 (1997).

1996 (4)

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Optically amplified downconverting link with shot-noise-limited performance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 148-150 (1996).

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).

X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).

1986 (1)

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, "Optical heterodyne image-rejection mixer," Electron. Lett. 22, 825-826 (1986).

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. E. Alameh, "Frequency downconverter for high-capacity fibre grating based beamformers for phased arrays," Electron. Lett. 35, 66-67 (1999).

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, "Optical heterodyne image-rejection mixer," Electron. Lett. 22, 825-826 (1986).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Optically amplified downconverting link with shot-noise-limited performance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 148-150 (1996).

J. M. Fuster, J. Marti, "Optimization of the dynamic range in optically amplified harmonic downconverting fiber-optic links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 877-879 (1999).

S. J. Strutz, P. Biernacki, L. Nichols, K. J. Williams, "Demonstration of a wide-band image rejection microwave downconverter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 687-689 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Pan, J. Yao, "Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1460-1468 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

D. Zhu, S. Pan, D. Ben, "Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 194-196 (2012).

X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).

K.-I. Kitayana, R. A. Griffin, "Optical downconversion from millimeter-wave to IF-band over 50 km-long optical fiber link using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 287-289 (1999).

H. Tsuchida, "Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1509-1511 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

S. Pan, J. Yao, "Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3531-3539 (2009).

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, T. K. Woodward, "Optically filtered microwave photonic links for RF signal processing applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2394-2401 (2011).

P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, H. H. M. Shalaby, T. H. Cheng, P. D. Ye, "A performance analysis of an all-optical clock extraction circuit based on Fabry-Perot filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 603-613 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, C. Cox, III"A down-conversion optical link with RF gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 956-961 (1997).

Opt. Exp. (2)

C.-S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, S. Radic, "Reconfigurable parametric channelized receiver for instantaneous spectral analysis," Opt. Exp. 19, 3531-3541 (2011).

V. R. Pagán, B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "Linearized electrooptic microwave downconversion using phase modulation and optical filtering," Opt. Exp. 19, 883-895 (2011).

Other (2)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Ultra-low phase noise dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Digest (1998) pp. 353-354.

W. Shieh, S. X. Yao, G. Lutes, L. Maleki, "Microwave signal mixing by using a fiber-based optoelectronic oscillator for wavelength-division multiplexed systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Dig. (1997) pp. 358-359.

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