Abstract

We demonstrate path wavelength routing and switching using a packaged and pigtailed hybrid integrated silicon-on-insulator (SOI) photonic circuit. The fabricated device incorporates a 1.25 mm nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier mounted on the SOI board and two multimode interference-based cascaded delay interferometers monolithically integrated on the same SOI substrate. The photonic chip has a footprint of 384 mm<sup>2</sup> and performs all-optical wavelength conversion at ultrafast data rates. The packaged and pigtailed module is inserted and tested as a switching node in a meshed optical network testbed carrying real data traffic and encompassing a wavelength division multiplexing optical link. Optical path wavelength switching and routing is implemented by a generalized multiprotocol label switching control plane. We present 10 GbE video-streaming routing as well as 40 Gb/s wavelength switching employing the system integrated all-optical wavelength converter. Error-free transmission and different kind of end-to-end services (video distribution, audio conference, and video conference) have been successfully evaluated.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012 (1)

C. Stamatiadis, L. Stampoulidis, D. Kalavrouziotis, I. Lazarou, K. Vyrsokinos, L. Zimmermann, K. Voigt, G. B. Preve, L. Moerl, J. Kreissl, H. Avramopoulos, "Fabrication and experimental demonstration of the first 160 Gb/s hybrid silicon-on-insulator integrated all-optical wavelength converter," Opt. Exp. 20, 3825-3831 (2012).

2011 (2)

S. J. Ben Yoo, "Energy efficiency in the future internet: The role of optical packet switching and optical-label switching," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 406-418 (2011).

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Barton, N. Beheshti, J. E. Bowers, E. Burmeister, L. A. Coldren, M. Dummer, G. Epps, A. Fang, Y. Ganjali, J. Garcia, B. Koch, V. Lal, E. Lively, J. Mack, M. Masanovic, N. McKeown, K. Nguyen, S. C. Nicholes, H. Park, B. Stamenic, A. Tauke-Pedretti, H. Poulsen, M. Sysak, "Integrated photonics for low-power networking," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 458-471 (2011).

2010 (5)

R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, S. Corzine, S. Hurtt, A. Dentai, S. Murthy, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, R. A. Salvatore, C. Joyner, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, D. Welch, "InP photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1113-1125 (2010).

N. Leavitt, "Network-usage changes push internet traffic to the edge," Computer 43, 13-15 (2010).

J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, J. D. LeGrange, P. G. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, "Architectures, components, and subsystems for future optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1394-1404 (2010).

N. Beheshti, E. Burmeister, Y. Ganjali, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, N. McKeown, "Optical packet buffers for backbone internet routers," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 1599-1609 (2010).

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, "A thermally tunable microdisk laser built on a III-V/silicon-on-insulator heterogeneous integration platform," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1270-1272 (2010).

2009 (4)

D. Liang, A. W. Fang, H.-W. Chen, M. Sysak, B. R. Koch, E. Lively, O. Raday, Y.-H. Kuo, R. Jones, J. E. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent approach to optical interconnects," Appl. Phys. A, Mater. Sci. Process. 95, 1045-1057 (2009) 2009.

F. Gomez-Agis, O. Raz, S. J. Zhang, E. Tangdiongga, L. Zimmermann, K. Voigt, C. Vyrsokinos, L. Stampoulidis, H. J. S. Dorren, "All optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gbit/s using SOA and silicon-on-insulator photonic circuit," Electron. Lett. 45, 1132-1133 (2009).

R. S. Tucker, R. Parthiban, J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. W. A. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, "Evolution of WDM optical IP networks: A cost and energy perspective," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 243-252 (2009).

N. M. M. K. Chowdhury, R. Boutaba, "Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 20-26 (2009).

2008 (1)

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, F. Xia, "High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks," Nature Photon. 2, 242-246 (2008).

Appl. Phys. A, Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

D. Liang, A. W. Fang, H.-W. Chen, M. Sysak, B. R. Koch, E. Lively, O. Raday, Y.-H. Kuo, R. Jones, J. E. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent approach to optical interconnects," Appl. Phys. A, Mater. Sci. Process. 95, 1045-1057 (2009) 2009.

Computer (1)

N. Leavitt, "Network-usage changes push internet traffic to the edge," Computer 43, 13-15 (2010).

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Gomez-Agis, O. Raz, S. J. Zhang, E. Tangdiongga, L. Zimmermann, K. Voigt, C. Vyrsokinos, L. Stampoulidis, H. J. S. Dorren, "All optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gbit/s using SOA and silicon-on-insulator photonic circuit," Electron. Lett. 45, 1132-1133 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, J. D. LeGrange, P. G. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, "Architectures, components, and subsystems for future optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1394-1404 (2010).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

N. M. M. K. Chowdhury, R. Boutaba, "Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 20-26 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (3)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Barton, N. Beheshti, J. E. Bowers, E. Burmeister, L. A. Coldren, M. Dummer, G. Epps, A. Fang, Y. Ganjali, J. Garcia, B. Koch, V. Lal, E. Lively, J. Mack, M. Masanovic, N. McKeown, K. Nguyen, S. C. Nicholes, H. Park, B. Stamenic, A. Tauke-Pedretti, H. Poulsen, M. Sysak, "Integrated photonics for low-power networking," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 458-471 (2011).

R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, S. Corzine, S. Hurtt, A. Dentai, S. Murthy, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, R. A. Salvatore, C. Joyner, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, D. Welch, "InP photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1113-1125 (2010).

S. J. Ben Yoo, "Energy efficiency in the future internet: The role of optical packet switching and optical-label switching," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 406-418 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, "A thermally tunable microdisk laser built on a III-V/silicon-on-insulator heterogeneous integration platform," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1270-1272 (2010).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

N. Beheshti, E. Burmeister, Y. Ganjali, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, N. McKeown, "Optical packet buffers for backbone internet routers," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 1599-1609 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R. S. Tucker, R. Parthiban, J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. W. A. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, "Evolution of WDM optical IP networks: A cost and energy perspective," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 243-252 (2009).

Nature Photon. (1)

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, F. Xia, "High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks," Nature Photon. 2, 242-246 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (1)

C. Stamatiadis, L. Stampoulidis, D. Kalavrouziotis, I. Lazarou, K. Vyrsokinos, L. Zimmermann, K. Voigt, G. B. Preve, L. Moerl, J. Kreissl, H. Avramopoulos, "Fabrication and experimental demonstration of the first 160 Gb/s hybrid silicon-on-insulator integrated all-optical wavelength converter," Opt. Exp. 20, 3825-3831 (2012).

Other (4)

E. Ciaramella, "Achievements and future prospects of wavelength conversion and all-optical regeneration," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OMT1.

T. Aalto, M. Harjanne, M. Kapulainen, S. Ylinen, J. Ollila, V. Vilokkinen, L. Moerl, M. Moehrle, R. Hamelin, "Integration of InP-based optoelectronics with silicon waveguides," Proc. SPIE (2009) pp. 72180O-1-72180O-14.

L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, K. Voigt, G. Winzer, J. Kreissl, L. Moerl, C. Stamatiadis, L. Stampoulidis, H. Avramopoulos, "High-precision flip-chip technology for all-optical wavelength conversion using SOI photonic circuit," Proc. 8th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2011) pp. 237-239.

E. Bonetto, L. Chiaraviglio, G. A. Castillo, D. Cuda, F. Neri, "Optical technologies can improve the energy efficiency of networks," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1-4.

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