Abstract

A planar concave diffraction grating for integrated optics is created by using a grating-distributed Bragg reflector based on dielectric materials. By combining the Bragg condition which leads to very high reflection with the grating diffraction condition which provides wavelength spreading, a mono-order diffraction grating was built with the use of elliptical facets. A computed grating efficiency of 99% was achieved by this new proposed configuration of mono-order grating by suppressing unwanted diffraction orders, while keeping aberration-free focusing.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012

2009

Y. Sakamaki, S. Kamei, T. Hashimoto, T. Kitoh, H. Takahashi, "Loss uniformity improvement of arrayed-waveguide grating with mode-field converters designed by wavefront matching method," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5710-5715 (2009).

2006

2005

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delâge, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, P. Muthukumaran, M. Pearson, "Novel architecture for design of planar lightwave interleavers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1435-1440 (2005).

2004

S. Janz, A. Balakrishnan, S. Charbonneau, P. Cheben, M. Cloutier, A. Delâge, K. Dossou, L. Erickson, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, B. Lamontagne, M. Packirisamy, M. Pearson, D.-X. Xu, "Planar waveguide Echelle gratings in silica-on-silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 503-505 (2004).

2003

A. Klekamp, R. Münzner, "Imaging errors in arrayed waveguide gratings," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 333-345 (2003).

2002

P. Muñoz, D. Pastor, J. Capmany, S. Sales, "Analytical and numerical analysis of phase and amplitude errors in the performance of arrayed waveguide gratings," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1130-1141 (2002).

K. Maru, M. Okawa, K. Matsui, H. Uetsuka, "Statistical analysis of correlated phase error in transmission characteristics of arrayed-waveguide gratings," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1142-1148 (2002).

2000

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1180-1182 (2000).

1999

M. S. D. Smith, K. A. McGreer, "Diffraction gratings utilizing total internal reflection facets in Littrow configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 84-86 (1999).

1998

J.-J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delâge, L. Erickson, M. Davies, E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).

1997

H. Yamada, K. Takada, Y. Inoue, K. Okamoto, S. Mitachi, "Low-crosstalk arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with phase compensating plate," Electron. Lett. 33, 1698-1699 (1997).

1996

H. Yamada, K. Takada, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, S. Mitachi, "Statically-phase-compensated 10 GHz-spaced arrayed-waveguide grating," Electron. Lett. 32, 1580-1582 (1996).

B. B. Jian, "Etched corner reflector array lasers: A detailed study," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1609-1611 (1996).

1992

P. C. Clemens, R. März, A. Reichelt, H. W. Schneider, "Flat-field spectrograph in SiO2/Si," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 886-887 (1992).

1991

J. B. D. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, "Monolithic InP/InGaAsP/InP grating spectrometer for the 1.48–1.56 μm wavelength range," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1949-1951 (1991).

C. Cremer, G. Ebbinghaus, G. Heise, R. Müller-Nawrath, M. Schienle, L. Stoll, "Grating spectrograph in InGaAsP/InP for dense wavelength division multiplexing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 627-629 (1991).

1990

C. Dragone, "Optimum design of a planar array of tapered waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 7, 2081-2093 (1990).

1988

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. B. D. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, "Monolithic InP/InGaAsP/InP grating spectrometer for the 1.48–1.56 μm wavelength range," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1949-1951 (1991).

C. Cremer, G. Ebbinghaus, G. Heise, R. Müller-Nawrath, M. Schienle, L. Stoll, "Grating spectrograph in InGaAsP/InP for dense wavelength division multiplexing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 627-629 (1991).

Electron. Lett.

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

H. Yamada, K. Takada, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, S. Mitachi, "Statically-phase-compensated 10 GHz-spaced arrayed-waveguide grating," Electron. Lett. 32, 1580-1582 (1996).

H. Yamada, K. Takada, Y. Inoue, K. Okamoto, S. Mitachi, "Low-crosstalk arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with phase compensating plate," Electron. Lett. 33, 1698-1699 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

P. Muñoz, D. Pastor, J. Capmany, S. Sales, "Analytical and numerical analysis of phase and amplitude errors in the performance of arrayed waveguide gratings," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1130-1141 (2002).

K. Maru, M. Okawa, K. Matsui, H. Uetsuka, "Statistical analysis of correlated phase error in transmission characteristics of arrayed-waveguide gratings," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1142-1148 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1180-1182 (2000).

B. B. Jian, "Etched corner reflector array lasers: A detailed study," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1609-1611 (1996).

P. C. Clemens, R. März, A. Reichelt, H. W. Schneider, "Flat-field spectrograph in SiO2/Si," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 886-887 (1992).

S. Janz, A. Balakrishnan, S. Charbonneau, P. Cheben, M. Cloutier, A. Delâge, K. Dossou, L. Erickson, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, B. Lamontagne, M. Packirisamy, M. Pearson, D.-X. Xu, "Planar waveguide Echelle gratings in silica-on-silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 503-505 (2004).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

M. S. D. Smith, K. A. McGreer, "Diffraction gratings utilizing total internal reflection facets in Littrow configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 84-86 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol.

Y. Sakamaki, S. Kamei, T. Hashimoto, T. Kitoh, H. Takahashi, "Loss uniformity improvement of arrayed-waveguide grating with mode-field converters designed by wavefront matching method," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5710-5715 (2009).

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delâge, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, P. Muthukumaran, M. Pearson, "Novel architecture for design of planar lightwave interleavers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1435-1440 (2005).

J.-J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delâge, L. Erickson, M. Davies, E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

C. Dragone, "Optimum design of a planar array of tapered waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 7, 2081-2093 (1990).

Opt. Express

Opt. Quantum Electron.

A. Klekamp, R. Münzner, "Imaging errors in arrayed waveguide gratings," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 333-345 (2003).

Other

JDSU100 GHz, narrowband (Gaussian) arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) (2009) http://www.jdsu.com/ ProductLiterature/awg100n_ds_cc_ae.pdf.

AWG multi/demultiplexer (2012) http://www.ntt- electronics.com/en/products/photonics/awg_mul_d.html NTT Electronics.

100 GHz wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer (2010) http://www.enablence.com/media/mediamanager/pdf/18-enablence-datasheet-ocsd-awg-standard-100ghzmultidemulti.pdf Enablence.

100 GHz, wideband (flat top) arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) (2009) http://www.jdsu.com/ ProductLiterature/awg100w_ds_cc_ae.pdf JDSU.

Y. P. Li, Optical Device Having Low Insertion Loss U.S. Patent 5 745 618 (1998).

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, S. K. Selvaraja, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Planar concave grating demultiplexer with distributed Bragg reflection facets," Proc. 4th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2007).

E. Bisaillon, J. Laniel, A. Jugessur, A. G. Kirk, "A shallow-etched multilayer grating-based wavelength demultiplexer in SOI," Proc. IEEE-LEOS 18th Annu. Meeting (2005) pp. 596-597.

C. Dragone, Efficient Reflective Multiplexer Arrangement U.S. Patent 5 450 511 (1995).

J. Gehler, F. Knappe, "Crosstalk reduction of arrayed waveguide gratings by UV trimming of individual waveguides without H2-loading," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2000) pp. 236-238.

W. Jiang, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, J. H. Baek, K. Okamoto, S. J. B. Yoo, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, "Dynamic phase-error compensation for high-resolution InP arrayed-waveguide grating using electro-optic effect," Proc. 21st Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. (2008) pp. 53-54.

M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, 1982).

Y. C. Si, Y. Cheng, WDM Technologies (Academic, 2003).

P. Cheben, Optical Waveguides: From Theory to Applied Technologies (CRC Press, 2007).

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