Abstract

A monolithic InGaAsP/InP 4 x 4 cross-connect is designed, fabricated and demonstrated. Each of the four inputs fan out to two stages of semiconductor optical amplifier-based gates to perform broadband-input-selection and wavelength-specific-selection. Stages of parallel cyclic arrayed waveguide grating routers and wavelength-agnostic fan-ins allow independent electronically controlled routing of four unique wavelength channels between the four inputs and outputs. The circuit is realized within a 15 mm<sup>2</sup> area on a multi-project wafer.Circuit performance is evaluated by resolving optical power loss within the circuit to show component level performance at and close to design specification. Data routing experiments for wavelength multiplexed signals are performed and quantified in terms of optical power penalty. Multi-path routing is performed with both co- and counter-propagating data. Bi-directional and fast reconfigurable routing is similarly quantified. Low power penalty of less than 1 dB is measured for the simultaneous routing of data over multiple circuit paths.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (6)

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 529-535 (2011).

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. G. Vlachos, B. R. Hemenway, R. R. Grzybowski, "Influence of transmission impairments on the OSMOSIS HPC optical interconnect architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3167-3177 (2011).

J. van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, Y. A. Vlasov, "Drive-noise-tolerant broadband silicon electro-optic switch," Opt. Exp. 19, 11568-11577 (2011).

X. J. M. Leijtens, "JePPIX: The platform for indium phosphide-based photonics," IET Optoelectronics 5, 202-206 (2011).

R. Stabile, K. A. Williams, "Relaxed dimensional tolerance whispering gallery microbends," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1892-1898 (2011).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, I. Cerutti, P. G. Raponi, N. Andriollo, P. Castoldi, "Energy-efficient design of a scalable optical multi-plane interconnection architecture," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 377-383 (2011).

2010 (4)

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y. S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, K. A. Williams, "Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2984-2992 (2010).

A. Rohit, K. A. Williams, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y. S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, "Monolithic multiband nanosecond programmable wavelength router," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 29-35 (2010).

S. C. Nicholes, M. L. Masanovic, B. Jevremovic, E. Lively, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "An 8 x 8 InP monolithic tunable optical router (MOTOR) packet forwarding chip," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 641-650 (2010).

T. A. Strasser, J. L. Wagener, "Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1150-1157 (2010).

2009 (1)

S. Kamei, M. Ishii, A. Kaneko, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, "N x N cyclic-frequency router with improved performance based on arrayed-waveguide grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4097-4104 (2009).

2008 (1)

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E91-B, 3174-3184 (2008).

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

D. T. Neilson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, M. P. Earnshaw, "Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management," Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 105-128 (2006).

A. M. J. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

2005 (1)

M. P. Earnshaw, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. Laskowski, A. Wong-Foy, J. Soole, "Planar lightwave circuit based reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer architectures and reusable subsystem module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 313-322 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (4)

S. Araki, Y. Suemura, N. Henmi, Y. Maeno, A. Tajima, S. Takahashi, "Highly scalable optoelectronic packet-switching fabric based on wavelength-division and space-division optical switch architecture for use in the photonic core node [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 2, 213-228 (2003).

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, A. Dupas, "IST-DAVID: Concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).

F. Masetti, D. Chiaroni, R. Dragnea, R. Robotham, D. Zriny, "High-speed high-capacity packet-switching fabric: A key system for required flexibility and capacity," J. Opt. Netw. 2, 255-265 (2003).

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high-capacity IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).

2001 (1)

C. D. Lee, W. Chen, Q. Wang, Y. J. Chen, W. T. Beard, D. Stone, R. F. Smith, R. Mincher, I. R. Stewart, "The role of photomask resolution on the performance of arrayed-waveguide grating devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1726-1733 (2001).

1999 (2)

J. H. C. van Zantvoort, F. M. Huijskens, C. G. P. Herben, H. de Waardt, "Fiber array pigtailing and packaging of an InP-based optical cross connect chip," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 1255-1259 (1999).

C. G. P. Herben, D. H. P. Maat, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. R. Leys, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, "Polarization independent dilated WDM cross-connect on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1599-1601 (1999).

1998 (1)

Y. Maeno, Y. Suemura, A. Tajima, N. Henmi, "A 2.56-Tb/s multiwavelength and scalable switch-fabric for fast packet-switching networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1180-1182 (1998).

1997 (1)

C. G. M. Vreeburg, T. Uitterdijk, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, E. G. Metaal, P. Demeester, H. J. Frankena, "First InP-based reconfigurable integrated add-drop multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 188-190 (1997).

1996 (2)

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).

O. Ishida, T. Hasegawa, W. Tsurumaki, K. Iwashita, "Parallel-optical-interconnecting multiwavelength star network (POIMS Net) for high-capacity switching," Electron. Lett. 32, 1804-1806 (1996).

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

D. T. Neilson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, M. P. Earnshaw, "Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management," Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 105-128 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

O. Ishida, T. Hasegawa, W. Tsurumaki, K. Iwashita, "Parallel-optical-interconnecting multiwavelength star network (POIMS Net) for high-capacity switching," Electron. Lett. 32, 1804-1806 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (5)

M. P. Earnshaw, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. Laskowski, A. Wong-Foy, J. Soole, "Planar lightwave circuit based reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer architectures and reusable subsystem module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 313-322 (2005).

T. A. Strasser, J. L. Wagener, "Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1150-1157 (2010).

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).

J. H. C. van Zantvoort, F. M. Huijskens, C. G. P. Herben, H. de Waardt, "Fiber array pigtailing and packaging of an InP-based optical cross connect chip," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 1255-1259 (1999).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, I. Cerutti, P. G. Raponi, N. Andriollo, P. Castoldi, "Energy-efficient design of a scalable optical multi-plane interconnection architecture," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 377-383 (2011).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

A. Rohit, K. A. Williams, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y. S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, "Monolithic multiband nanosecond programmable wavelength router," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 29-35 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. G. M. Vreeburg, T. Uitterdijk, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, E. G. Metaal, P. Demeester, H. J. Frankena, "First InP-based reconfigurable integrated add-drop multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 188-190 (1997).

C. G. P. Herben, D. H. P. Maat, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. R. Leys, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, "Polarization independent dilated WDM cross-connect on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1599-1601 (1999).

K. T. Shiu, S. S. Agashe, S. R. Forrest, "An InP-based monolithically integrated reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1445-1447 (2007).

Y. Maeno, Y. Suemura, A. Tajima, N. Henmi, "A 2.56-Tb/s multiwavelength and scalable switch-fabric for fast packet-switching networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1180-1182 (1998).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E91-B, 3174-3184 (2008).

IET Optoelectronics (1)

X. J. M. Leijtens, "JePPIX: The platform for indium phosphide-based photonics," IET Optoelectronics 5, 202-206 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (9)

R. Stabile, K. A. Williams, "Relaxed dimensional tolerance whispering gallery microbends," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1892-1898 (2011).

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high-capacity IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).

S. C. Nicholes, M. L. Masanovic, B. Jevremovic, E. Lively, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "An 8 x 8 InP monolithic tunable optical router (MOTOR) packet forwarding chip," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 641-650 (2010).

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. G. Vlachos, B. R. Hemenway, R. R. Grzybowski, "Influence of transmission impairments on the OSMOSIS HPC optical interconnect architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3167-3177 (2011).

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y. S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, K. A. Williams, "Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2984-2992 (2010).

S. Kamei, M. Ishii, A. Kaneko, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, "N x N cyclic-frequency router with improved performance based on arrayed-waveguide grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4097-4104 (2009).

C. D. Lee, W. Chen, Q. Wang, Y. J. Chen, W. T. Beard, D. Stone, R. F. Smith, R. Mincher, I. R. Stewart, "The role of photomask resolution on the performance of arrayed-waveguide grating devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1726-1733 (2001).

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, A. Dupas, "IST-DAVID: Concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 529-535 (2011).

J. Opt. Netw. (4)

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, Y. A. Vlasov, "Drive-noise-tolerant broadband silicon electro-optic switch," Opt. Exp. 19, 11568-11577 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. M. J. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

Other (8)

L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, E. Dotaro, "Impact of intermediate traffic grouping on the dimensioning of multi-granularity optical networks," Proc. OFC (2001).

Fimmwave and FImmprop Software, photon design OxfordUK.

D. Chiaroni, P. Bonno, O. Rofidel, J. C. Jacquinot, P. Poignant, C. Coeurjoly, F. Fernandez, E. Mestre, J. L. Moncelet, A. Noury, A. Jourdan, T. Zami, A. Dupas, M. Renaud, N. Sahri, D. Keller, S. Silvestre, G. Eilenberger, S. Bunse, W. Lautenschlaeger, F. Masetti, "First demonstration of an asynchronous optical packet switching matrix prototype for multi-Terabit class routers/switches," Proc. 27th ECOC (2001) pp. 60-61.

R. Luijten, C. Minkenberg, R. Hemenway, M. Sauer, R. Grzybowski, "Viable opto-electronic HPC interconnect fabrics," Proc. ACM/IEEE Supercomputing Conf. (2005).

R. Luijten, R. Grzybowski, "The osmosis optical packet switch for supercomputers," Proc. OFC (2009).

A. Rohit, A. Albores-Meija, J. Bolk, X. Leijtens, K. A. Williams, "Multi-path routing in a monolithically integrated 4 x 4 broadcast and select WDM cross-connect," Proc. 37th ECOC (2011).

A. Rohit, A. Albores-Meija, J. Bolk, X. Leijtens, K. A. Williams, "Multipath routing at 40 Gb/s in an integrated space and wavelength selective switch," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (PHO) (2011).

A. Rohit, A. Albores-Mejia, J. Bolk, X. Leijtens, K. A. Williams, "Multi-hop dynamic routing in an integrated 4 x 4 space and wavelength select cross-connect," Proc. OFC (2012).

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