Abstract

We propose a wide angle, efficient and low loss 1 x 3 power splitter based on triangular lattice air holes silicon slab Photonic Crystal (PhC). Desired power splitting ratio was achieved by altering the structure at the junction area of the power splitter. Simulation results obtained using 2-D finite difference time domain method show that for TE polarization incident signal, the power is distributed almost equally with total normalized transmission of 99.74% and negligible reflection loss at the 1550 nm optical operating wavelength. In addition, the power splitter can operate at 1388 nm and 1470 nm optical wavelengths.

© 2012 IEEE

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  14. M. Zhang, R. Malureanu, A. C. Kruger, M. Kristensen, "1 x 3 beam splitter for TE polarization based on self-imaging phenomena in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 14944-14949 (2010).
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2011 (1)

C. Y. Liu, "Fabrication and optical characteristics of silicon-based two-dimensional wavelength division multiplexing splitter with photonic crystal directional waveguide couplers," Phys. Lett. A 375, 2754-2758 (2011).

2010 (3)

L. J. Kauppinen, T. J. Pinkert, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. M. de Ridder, "Photonic crystal cavity-based Y splitter for mechano-optical switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 966-968 (2010).

M. Zhang, R. Malureanu, A. C. Kruger, M. Kristensen, "1 x 3 beam splitter for TE polarization based on self-imaging phenomena in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 14944-14949 (2010).

S. Foghani, H. Kaatuzian, M. Danaie, "Simulation and design of a wideband T-shaped photonic crystal splitter," Optica Applicata XL, 865-872 (2010).

2009 (1)

A. A. M. Kok, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Baets, M. K. Smit, "Reduction of propagation loss in pillar-based photonic crystal waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3904-3911 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. Djavid, A. Ghaffari, F. Monifi, M. S. Abrishamian, "Photonic crystal power dividers using L-shaped bend based on ring resonators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1231-1235 (2008).

2007 (2)

N. Nozhat, N. Granpayeh, "Analysis and simulation of a photonic crystal power divider," J. Appl. Sci. 7, 3576-3579 (2007).

Z. Zhang, M. Dainese, L. Wosinski, S. Xiao, M. Qiu, M. Swillo, U. Anderson, "Optical filter based on two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-mode cavity in amorphous silicon-on-silica structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041108-041110 (2007).

2004 (3)

I. Park, H. S. Lee, H. J. Kim, K. M. Moon, S. G. Lee, B. H. O. S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, "Photonic crystal power-splitter based on directional coupling," Opt. Exp. 12, 3599-3604 (2004).

Y. Kurokawa, Y. Ohno, S. Kishimoto, T. Okazaki, H. Shinohara, T. Mizutani, "Fabrication technique for carbon nanotube single-electron transistors using focused ion beam," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5669-5670 (2004).

L. H. Frandsen, P. L. Borel, Y. X. Zhuang, A. Harpoth, M. Thorhauge, M. Kristensen, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, "Ultralow-loss 3-dB photonic crystal waveguide splitter," Opt. Lett. 29, 1623-1625 (2004).

2003 (1)

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, L. Moerman, T. F. Krauss, "Efficient photonic crystal Y-junctions," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S76-S80 (2003).

2002 (3)

2001 (3)

M. Palamaru, Ph. Lalanne, "Photonic crystal waveguides: Out-of-plane losses and adiabatic modal conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1466-1468 (2001).

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdre, U. Oesterie, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).

J. M. Elson, "Propagation in planar waveguides and the effects of wall roughness," Opt. Exp. 9, 461-475 (2001).

2000 (2)

A. Chutinan, S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Linear waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212-8222 (2000).

1994 (1)

J. P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Computational Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdre, U. Oesterie, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).

Z. Zhang, M. Dainese, L. Wosinski, S. Xiao, M. Qiu, M. Swillo, U. Anderson, "Optical filter based on two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-mode cavity in amorphous silicon-on-silica structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041108-041110 (2007).

M. Palamaru, Ph. Lalanne, "Photonic crystal waveguides: Out-of-plane losses and adiabatic modal conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1466-1468 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

L. J. Kauppinen, T. J. Pinkert, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. M. de Ridder, "Photonic crystal cavity-based Y splitter for mechano-optical switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 966-968 (2010).

G. R. Hadley, "Out-of-plane losses of line-defect photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 642-644 (2002).

J. Appl. Sci. (1)

N. Nozhat, N. Granpayeh, "Analysis and simulation of a photonic crystal power divider," J. Appl. Sci. 7, 3576-3579 (2007).

J. Computational Phys. (1)

J. P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Computational Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. A. M. Kok, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Baets, M. K. Smit, "Reduction of propagation loss in pillar-based photonic crystal waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3904-3911 (2009).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, L. Moerman, T. F. Krauss, "Efficient photonic crystal Y-junctions," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S76-S80 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

M. Djavid, A. Ghaffari, F. Monifi, M. S. Abrishamian, "Photonic crystal power dividers using L-shaped bend based on ring resonators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1231-1235 (2008).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Kurokawa, Y. Ohno, S. Kishimoto, T. Okazaki, H. Shinohara, T. Mizutani, "Fabrication technique for carbon nanotube single-electron transistors using focused ion beam," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5669-5670 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (3)

I. Park, H. S. Lee, H. J. Kim, K. M. Moon, S. G. Lee, B. H. O. S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, "Photonic crystal power-splitter based on directional coupling," Opt. Exp. 12, 3599-3604 (2004).

M. Zhang, R. Malureanu, A. C. Kruger, M. Kristensen, "1 x 3 beam splitter for TE polarization based on self-imaging phenomena in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 14944-14949 (2010).

J. M. Elson, "Propagation in planar waveguides and the effects of wall roughness," Opt. Exp. 9, 461-475 (2001).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica Applicata (1)

S. Foghani, H. Kaatuzian, M. Danaie, "Simulation and design of a wideband T-shaped photonic crystal splitter," Optica Applicata XL, 865-872 (2010).

Phys. Lett. A (1)

C. Y. Liu, "Fabrication and optical characteristics of silicon-based two-dimensional wavelength division multiplexing splitter with photonic crystal directional waveguide couplers," Phys. Lett. A 375, 2754-2758 (2011).

Phys. Rev. B (2)

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Linear waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212-8222 (2000).

A. Chutinan, S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).

Other (1)

O. V. Ivanova, R. Stoffer, L. J. Kauppinen, M. Hammer, "Variational effective index method for 3-D vectorial scattering problems in photonics: TE polarization," Proc. PIERS (2009) pp. 1038-1042.

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