Abstract

We numerically investigate ultra-short pulse propagation in multimode optical fibers with launch peak powers approaching the critical power for self-focusing using a generalized multimode nonlinear Schrödinger equation approach. Nonlinear spatial and temporal effects combined with fiber dispersion govern pulse compression in space and time which can result in damage-inducing intensity levels. Here we identify pulse parameters for which damage is avoided and high-power delivery through optical fiber is possible near the fiber zero-dispersion wavelength.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. G. Fibbich, A. L. Gaeta, "Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett. 25, 335-337 (2000).
  2. A. Galvanauskas, M. Y. Cheng, K. C. Hou, K. H. Liao, "High peak power pulse amplification in large-core Yb-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 559-566 (2007).
  3. S. H. Cho, H. Kumagai, K. Midorikawa, "Fabrication of multi-core structures in an optical fiber using plasma self-channeling," Opt. Exp. 11, 1780-1786 (2003).
  4. A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
  5. F. Eilenberger, "Evolution dynamics of discrete-continuous light bullets," Phys. Rev. A 84, 013836 (2011).
  6. S. L. Chin, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: Physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
  7. L. Berge, S. Skupin, "Self-channeling of ultrashort laser pulses in materials with anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. E 71, 65601 (2005).
  8. J. E. Rothenberg, "Pulse splitting during self-focusing in normally dispersive media," Opt. Lett. 17, 583-585 (1992).
  9. G. Tempea, T. Brabec, "Theory of self-focusing in a hollow waveguide," Opt. Lett. 23, 762-764 (1998).
  10. F. Poletti, P. Horak, "Dynamics of femtosecond supercontinuum generation in multimode fibers," Opt. Exp. 17, 6134-6147 (2009).
  11. F. Poletti, P. Horak, "Description of ultrashort pulse propagation in multimode optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1645-1654 (2008).
  12. T. Brabec, F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).
  13. J. K. Ranka, A. L. Gaeta, "Breakdown of the slowly varying envelope approximation in the self-focusing of ultrashort pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 534-536 (2009).
  14. P. Horak, F. Poletti, Recent Progress in Optical Fiber Research (InTech, 2012) pp. 3-25.
  15. D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, "Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO$_2$ with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs," App. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071-3073 (1994).
  16. C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, E. Mazur, "Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784-1794 (2001).
  17. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
  18. A. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000).
  19. G. He, D. Liu, S. Liu, "Coherent Raman spectra and Raman-enhanced self-focusing in multimode fiber," Opt. Commun. 70, 145-150 (1988).
  20. K. S. Chiang, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a multimode optical fiber: Self-focusing or mode competition?," Opt. Commun. 95, 235-238 (1992).
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  22. D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, E. Mottay, E. Cormier, P. Georges, "Generation of 63 fs 4.1 MW peak power pulses from a parabolic fiber amplifier operated beyond the gain bandwidth limit," Opt. Lett. 32, 2520-2522 (2007).
  23. A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. M. Zheltikov, "Microjoule supercontinuum generation by stretched megawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a large-mode area photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 280, 453-456 (2007).
  24. R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
  25. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).

2011

F. Eilenberger, "Evolution dynamics of discrete-continuous light bullets," Phys. Rev. A 84, 013836 (2011).

2009

F. Poletti, P. Horak, "Dynamics of femtosecond supercontinuum generation in multimode fibers," Opt. Exp. 17, 6134-6147 (2009).

J. K. Ranka, A. L. Gaeta, "Breakdown of the slowly varying envelope approximation in the self-focusing of ultrashort pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 534-536 (2009).

2008

F. Poletti, P. Horak, "Description of ultrashort pulse propagation in multimode optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1645-1654 (2008).

2007

A. Galvanauskas, M. Y. Cheng, K. C. Hou, K. H. Liao, "High peak power pulse amplification in large-core Yb-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 559-566 (2007).

A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. M. Zheltikov, "Microjoule supercontinuum generation by stretched megawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a large-mode area photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 280, 453-456 (2007).

D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, E. Mottay, E. Cormier, P. Georges, "Generation of 63 fs 4.1 MW peak power pulses from a parabolic fiber amplifier operated beyond the gain bandwidth limit," Opt. Lett. 32, 2520-2522 (2007).

2006

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).

2005

S. L. Chin, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: Physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).

L. Berge, S. Skupin, "Self-channeling of ultrashort laser pulses in materials with anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. E 71, 65601 (2005).

2003

S. H. Cho, H. Kumagai, K. Midorikawa, "Fabrication of multi-core structures in an optical fiber using plasma self-channeling," Opt. Exp. 11, 1780-1786 (2003).

2001

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, E. Mazur, "Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784-1794 (2001).

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).

2000

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).

A. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000).

G. Fibbich, A. L. Gaeta, "Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett. 25, 335-337 (2000).

1998

1997

T. Brabec, F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).

1994

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, "Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO$_2$ with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs," App. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071-3073 (1994).

1992

J. E. Rothenberg, "Pulse splitting during self-focusing in normally dispersive media," Opt. Lett. 17, 583-585 (1992).

K. S. Chiang, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a multimode optical fiber: Self-focusing or mode competition?," Opt. Commun. 95, 235-238 (1992).

1988

G. He, D. Liu, S. Liu, "Coherent Raman spectra and Raman-enhanced self-focusing in multimode fiber," Opt. Commun. 70, 145-150 (1988).

App. Phys. Lett.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, "Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO$_2$ with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs," App. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071-3073 (1994).

Can. J. Phys.

S. L. Chin, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: Physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Galvanauskas, M. Y. Cheng, K. C. Hou, K. H. Liao, "High peak power pulse amplification in large-core Yb-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 559-566 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

F. Poletti, P. Horak, "Description of ultrashort pulse propagation in multimode optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1645-1654 (2008).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, E. Mazur, "Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784-1794 (2001).

Opt. Exp.

S. H. Cho, H. Kumagai, K. Midorikawa, "Fabrication of multi-core structures in an optical fiber using plasma self-channeling," Opt. Exp. 11, 1780-1786 (2003).

Opt. Lett.

G. Fibbich, A. L. Gaeta, "Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett. 25, 335-337 (2000).

Opt. Commun.

G. He, D. Liu, S. Liu, "Coherent Raman spectra and Raman-enhanced self-focusing in multimode fiber," Opt. Commun. 70, 145-150 (1988).

K. S. Chiang, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a multimode optical fiber: Self-focusing or mode competition?," Opt. Commun. 95, 235-238 (1992).

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. M. Zheltikov, "Microjoule supercontinuum generation by stretched megawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a large-mode area photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 280, 453-456 (2007).

Opt. Exp.

F. Poletti, P. Horak, "Dynamics of femtosecond supercontinuum generation in multimode fibers," Opt. Exp. 17, 6134-6147 (2009).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E

L. Berge, S. Skupin, "Self-channeling of ultrashort laser pulses in materials with anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. E 71, 65601 (2005).

Phys. Rep.

A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).

Phys. Rev. A

F. Eilenberger, "Evolution dynamics of discrete-continuous light bullets," Phys. Rev. A 84, 013836 (2011).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).

T. Brabec, F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).

A. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000).

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).

Other

P. Horak, F. Poletti, Recent Progress in Optical Fiber Research (InTech, 2012) pp. 3-25.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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