Abstract

We fabricate a quantum-dot (QD) superlumenescent diode (SLD) integrated with a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The integrated device exhibits coordinative working between the SLD and SOA when the two sections are pumped with a series of different currents. However, the SLD source affects the device behavior not via the amount of energy supplied by itself, but via an existing double-pass gain throughout the whole structure. With the help of a QD device model, this behavior is numerically analyzed which explains the origin of competition between different QD states in the emission spectra as well as the strong power-control capability of the SLD source.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. N. Krstajić, L. E. Smith, S. J. Matcher, D. T. D. Childs, M. Bonesi, P. D. L. Greenwood, M. Hugues, K. Kennedy, M. Hopkinson, K. M. Groom, S. MacNeil, R. A. Hogg, R. Smallwood, "Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Skin imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 748-754 (2010).
  2. P. D. L. Greenwood, D. T. D. Childs, K. Kennedy, K. M. Groom, M. Hugues, M. Hopkinson, R. A. Hogg, N. Krstajić, L. E. Smith, S. J. Matcher, M. Bonesi, S. MacNeil, R. Smallwood, "Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Device engineering," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1015-1022 (2010).
  3. K. Böhm, P. Marten, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, R. Ulrich, "Low-drift fibre gyro using a superluminescent diode," Electron. Lett. 17, 352-353 (1981).
  4. W. Wang, X. F. Wang, G. C. Zhang, "Effect of the spectrum of a superluminescent diode on performance of fiber-optic gyro," Sci. Technol. Rev. 24, 22-26 (2006) (in Chinese).
  5. G. T. Du, G. Devane, K. A. Stair, S. L. Wu, R. P. H. Chang, Y. S. Zhao, Z. Z. Sun, Y. Liu, X. Y. Jiang, W. H. Han, "The monolithic integration of a superluminescent diode with a power amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 57-59 (1998).
  6. Y. Liu, K. Liu, J. F. Song, Y. C. Chang, B. N. Kang, J. Z. Yin, G. T. Du, "1.3 μm integrated superluminescent light source," Opt. Mater. 14, 235-238 (2000).
  7. Y. Liu, J. F. Song, Y. P. Zeng, B. Wu, Y. T. Zhang, Y. Qian, Y. Z. Sun, G. T. Du, "High power 1.5 μm integrated superluminescent light source with tilted ridge waveguide," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 1233-1239 (2001).
  8. G. T. Du, C. D. Xu, Y. Liu, Y. S. Zhao, H. S. Wang, "High-power integrated superluminescent light source," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 149-153 (2003).
  9. X. K. Li, P. Jin, Q. An, Z. C. Wang, X. Q. Lv, H. Wei, J. Wu, J. Wu, Z. G. Wang, "A high-performance quantum dot superluminescent diode with a two-section structure," Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 625-1-625-5 (2011).
  10. Z. C. Wang, P. Jin, X. Q. Lv, X. K. Li, Z. G. Wang, "High-power quantum dot superluminescent diode with integrated optical amplifier section," Electron. Lett. 47, 1191-1193 (2011).
  11. Q. An, P. Jin, J. Wu, Z. G. Wang, "Optical loss in bent-waveguide superluminescent diodes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 055003-1-055003-6 (2012).
  12. D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N. N. Ledentsov, Quantum Dot Heterostructures (Wiley, 1999) pp. 152.
  13. J. Park, X. Li, "Theoretical and numerical analysis of superluminescent diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2473-2480 (2006).
  14. A. Markus, J. X. Chen, C. Paranthoën, A. Fiore, C. Platz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, "Simultaneous two-state lasing in quantum-dot lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1818-1820 (2003).
  15. A. Markus, J. X. Chen, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, J. G. Provost, C. Paranthoën, A. Fiore, "Impact of intraband relaxation on the performance of a quantum-dot laser," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1308-1314 (2003).
  16. J. L. Xiao, Y. Z. Huang, "Numerical analysis of gain saturation, noise figure, and carrier distribution for quantum-dot semiconductor-optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 448-455 (2008).
  17. O. Qasaimeh, "Optical gain and saturation characteristics of quantum- dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 793-798 (2003).

2012 (1)

Q. An, P. Jin, J. Wu, Z. G. Wang, "Optical loss in bent-waveguide superluminescent diodes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 055003-1-055003-6 (2012).

2011 (2)

X. K. Li, P. Jin, Q. An, Z. C. Wang, X. Q. Lv, H. Wei, J. Wu, J. Wu, Z. G. Wang, "A high-performance quantum dot superluminescent diode with a two-section structure," Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 625-1-625-5 (2011).

Z. C. Wang, P. Jin, X. Q. Lv, X. K. Li, Z. G. Wang, "High-power quantum dot superluminescent diode with integrated optical amplifier section," Electron. Lett. 47, 1191-1193 (2011).

2010 (2)

N. Krstajić, L. E. Smith, S. J. Matcher, D. T. D. Childs, M. Bonesi, P. D. L. Greenwood, M. Hugues, K. Kennedy, M. Hopkinson, K. M. Groom, S. MacNeil, R. A. Hogg, R. Smallwood, "Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Skin imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 748-754 (2010).

P. D. L. Greenwood, D. T. D. Childs, K. Kennedy, K. M. Groom, M. Hugues, M. Hopkinson, R. A. Hogg, N. Krstajić, L. E. Smith, S. J. Matcher, M. Bonesi, S. MacNeil, R. Smallwood, "Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Device engineering," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1015-1022 (2010).

2008 (1)

J. L. Xiao, Y. Z. Huang, "Numerical analysis of gain saturation, noise figure, and carrier distribution for quantum-dot semiconductor-optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 448-455 (2008).

2006 (2)

J. Park, X. Li, "Theoretical and numerical analysis of superluminescent diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2473-2480 (2006).

W. Wang, X. F. Wang, G. C. Zhang, "Effect of the spectrum of a superluminescent diode on performance of fiber-optic gyro," Sci. Technol. Rev. 24, 22-26 (2006) (in Chinese).

2003 (4)

A. Markus, J. X. Chen, C. Paranthoën, A. Fiore, C. Platz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, "Simultaneous two-state lasing in quantum-dot lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1818-1820 (2003).

A. Markus, J. X. Chen, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, J. G. Provost, C. Paranthoën, A. Fiore, "Impact of intraband relaxation on the performance of a quantum-dot laser," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1308-1314 (2003).

O. Qasaimeh, "Optical gain and saturation characteristics of quantum- dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 793-798 (2003).

G. T. Du, C. D. Xu, Y. Liu, Y. S. Zhao, H. S. Wang, "High-power integrated superluminescent light source," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 149-153 (2003).

2001 (1)

Y. Liu, J. F. Song, Y. P. Zeng, B. Wu, Y. T. Zhang, Y. Qian, Y. Z. Sun, G. T. Du, "High power 1.5 μm integrated superluminescent light source with tilted ridge waveguide," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 1233-1239 (2001).

2000 (1)

Y. Liu, K. Liu, J. F. Song, Y. C. Chang, B. N. Kang, J. Z. Yin, G. T. Du, "1.3 μm integrated superluminescent light source," Opt. Mater. 14, 235-238 (2000).

1998 (1)

G. T. Du, G. Devane, K. A. Stair, S. L. Wu, R. P. H. Chang, Y. S. Zhao, Z. Z. Sun, Y. Liu, X. Y. Jiang, W. H. Han, "The monolithic integration of a superluminescent diode with a power amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 57-59 (1998).

1981 (1)

K. Böhm, P. Marten, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, R. Ulrich, "Low-drift fibre gyro using a superluminescent diode," Electron. Lett. 17, 352-353 (1981).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Markus, J. X. Chen, C. Paranthoën, A. Fiore, C. Platz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, "Simultaneous two-state lasing in quantum-dot lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1818-1820 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (2)

Z. C. Wang, P. Jin, X. Q. Lv, X. K. Li, Z. G. Wang, "High-power quantum dot superluminescent diode with integrated optical amplifier section," Electron. Lett. 47, 1191-1193 (2011).

K. Böhm, P. Marten, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, R. Ulrich, "Low-drift fibre gyro using a superluminescent diode," Electron. Lett. 17, 352-353 (1981).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Krstajić, L. E. Smith, S. J. Matcher, D. T. D. Childs, M. Bonesi, P. D. L. Greenwood, M. Hugues, K. Kennedy, M. Hopkinson, K. M. Groom, S. MacNeil, R. A. Hogg, R. Smallwood, "Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Skin imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 748-754 (2010).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

G. T. Du, C. D. Xu, Y. Liu, Y. S. Zhao, H. S. Wang, "High-power integrated superluminescent light source," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 149-153 (2003).

J. L. Xiao, Y. Z. Huang, "Numerical analysis of gain saturation, noise figure, and carrier distribution for quantum-dot semiconductor-optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 448-455 (2008).

O. Qasaimeh, "Optical gain and saturation characteristics of quantum- dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 793-798 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Markus, J. X. Chen, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, J. G. Provost, C. Paranthoën, A. Fiore, "Impact of intraband relaxation on the performance of a quantum-dot laser," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1308-1314 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

P. D. L. Greenwood, D. T. D. Childs, K. Kennedy, K. M. Groom, M. Hugues, M. Hopkinson, R. A. Hogg, N. Krstajić, L. E. Smith, S. J. Matcher, M. Bonesi, S. MacNeil, R. Smallwood, "Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Device engineering," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1015-1022 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. T. Du, G. Devane, K. A. Stair, S. L. Wu, R. P. H. Chang, Y. S. Zhao, Z. Z. Sun, Y. Liu, X. Y. Jiang, W. H. Han, "The monolithic integration of a superluminescent diode with a power amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 57-59 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Park, X. Li, "Theoretical and numerical analysis of superluminescent diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2473-2480 (2006).

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

X. K. Li, P. Jin, Q. An, Z. C. Wang, X. Q. Lv, H. Wei, J. Wu, J. Wu, Z. G. Wang, "A high-performance quantum dot superluminescent diode with a two-section structure," Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 625-1-625-5 (2011).

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Liu, K. Liu, J. F. Song, Y. C. Chang, B. N. Kang, J. Z. Yin, G. T. Du, "1.3 μm integrated superluminescent light source," Opt. Mater. 14, 235-238 (2000).

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Liu, J. F. Song, Y. P. Zeng, B. Wu, Y. T. Zhang, Y. Qian, Y. Z. Sun, G. T. Du, "High power 1.5 μm integrated superluminescent light source with tilted ridge waveguide," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 1233-1239 (2001).

Sci. Technol. Rev. (1)

W. Wang, X. F. Wang, G. C. Zhang, "Effect of the spectrum of a superluminescent diode on performance of fiber-optic gyro," Sci. Technol. Rev. 24, 22-26 (2006) (in Chinese).

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

Q. An, P. Jin, J. Wu, Z. G. Wang, "Optical loss in bent-waveguide superluminescent diodes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 055003-1-055003-6 (2012).

Other (1)

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N. N. Ledentsov, Quantum Dot Heterostructures (Wiley, 1999) pp. 152.

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