Abstract

We propose an RF tone in-band labeling technique that is able to support large-scale and low-latency optical packet switch. This approach is based on N in-band wavelengths, each carrying M radio frequency (RF) tones. The wavelengths and the tones have a binary value, and are able to encode 2<sup>N×M</sup> possible routing address. We develop an optical label processor for the RF tone in-band optical label based on parallel and asynchronous processing. It allows the optical packet switch with an exponential increase of number of ports at the expense of limited increase in the latency and the complexity. By using RF tone in-band labeling technique, we demonstrate error free (bit error rate <10<sup>-9</sup>) optical packet switching operation for both 160 Gb/s packets and 40 Gb/s packets. We further investigate the scalability, the latency and the optical power fluctuation tolerance of the proposed RF tone in-band labeling technique. We show that 30 label bits are able to be delivered using single in-band wavelength, and the label processor introduces an extra latency of less than 7 ns.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. R. Hemenway, R. Grzybowski, C. Minkenberg, R. Luijten, "Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications [Invited]," J. Opt. Networking 3, 900-913 (2004).
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  4. N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic Routers—Part II: Experiments and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).
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2010 (2)

N. Calabretta, H.-D. Jung, E. Tangdiongga, H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical packet switching and label rewriting for data packets beyond 160 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 113-129 (2010).

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. G. Agis, S. Z. H. de Waardt, H. J. S. Dorren, "Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 483-485 (2010).

2009 (2)

N. Calabretta, "All-optical label extractor/eraser for in-band labels and 160-Gb/s payload based on microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 560-562 (2009).

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, "Advanced subcarrier multiplexed label swapping in optical packet switching nodes for next generation internet networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 655-669 (2009).

2007 (2)

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, T. Miyazaki, "Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

A. M. Koonen, "Label-controlled optical packet routing—technologies and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1540-1550 (2007).

2006 (2)

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic Routers—Part II: Experiments and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).

A. K. Mishra, "Spectrally compact optical subcarrier multiplexing with 42.6 Gbit/s AM-PSK payload and 2.5 Gbit/s NRZ labels," Electron. Lett. 42, 1303-1304 (2006).

2005 (2)

F. Ramos, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).

N. Chi, "Transmission and optical label swapping for 4×40 Gb/s WDM signals deploying orthogonal ASK/DPSK labeling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1325-1327 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. Hemenway, R. Grzybowski, C. Minkenberg, R. Luijten, "Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications [Invited]," J. Opt. Networking 3, 900-913 (2004).

2003 (2)

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical subcarrier labeling based on the carrier suppression of the payload," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 781-783 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

1998 (1)

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

1995 (1)

L. Chung-Li, D. J. Sabido, P. Poggiolini, R. T. Hofmeister, L. G. Kazovsky, "CORD—A WDMA optical network: Subcarrier-based signaling and control scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 555-557 (1995).

1994 (1)

K. Nayebi, T. P. Barnwell, IIIM. J. T. Smith, "Low delay FIR filter banks: Design and evaluation," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 42, 24-31 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. K. Mishra, "Spectrally compact optical subcarrier multiplexing with 42.6 Gbit/s AM-PSK payload and 2.5 Gbit/s NRZ labels," Electron. Lett. 42, 1303-1304 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, T. Miyazaki, "Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

A. M. Koonen, "Label-controlled optical packet routing—technologies and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1540-1550 (2007).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

N. Calabretta, H.-D. Jung, E. Tangdiongga, H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical packet switching and label rewriting for data packets beyond 160 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 113-129 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. G. Agis, S. Z. H. de Waardt, H. J. S. Dorren, "Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 483-485 (2010).

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical subcarrier labeling based on the carrier suppression of the payload," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 781-783 (2003).

L. Chung-Li, D. J. Sabido, P. Poggiolini, R. T. Hofmeister, L. G. Kazovsky, "CORD—A WDMA optical network: Subcarrier-based signaling and control scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 555-557 (1995).

N. Chi, "Transmission and optical label swapping for 4×40 Gb/s WDM signals deploying orthogonal ASK/DPSK labeling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1325-1327 (2005).

N. Calabretta, "All-optical label extractor/eraser for in-band labels and 160-Gb/s payload based on microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 560-562 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

K. Nayebi, T. P. Barnwell, IIIM. J. T. Smith, "Low delay FIR filter banks: Design and evaluation," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 42, 24-31 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

F. Ramos, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic Routers—Part II: Experiments and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, "Advanced subcarrier multiplexed label swapping in optical packet switching nodes for next generation internet networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 655-669 (2009).

J. Opt. Networking (1)

R. Hemenway, R. Grzybowski, C. Minkenberg, R. Luijten, "Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications [Invited]," J. Opt. Networking 3, 900-913 (2004).

Other (6)

X. Bo, "First field trial of OLS network testbed with all-optical contention resolution of asynchronous, variable-length optical packets," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007).

N. Calabretta, F. Gomez-Agis, H. de Waardt, H. J. S. Dorren, "First demonstration of OPS and burst detection of 160 Gb/s packets through three 52 km-spaced optical nodes," Proc. OFC (2011).

N. Wada, H. Harai, W. Chujo, F. Kubota, "80G to 10G bit/s variable rate photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switch," Proc. ECOC (2001).

W. Wang, "Scalable optical packet switching at 160 Gb/s data rate," Proc. ECOC (2009).

A. M. Koonen, "Optical packet routing using orthogonal labelling—Results from the FP5 STOLAS project," Proc. ECOC (2005).

“Analyzing data using eye diagrams,” Agilent (2009.) http://na.tm.agilent.com/plts/help/WebHelp/Analyzing/Analyzing_Data_using_Eye_Diagrams.html.

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