Abstract

In the absence of optical isolation, semiconductor lasers (SLs) are susceptible to external perturbations that determine the dynamical properties of the generated signals. Mutually coupled SL systems have been proved to exhibit diverse dynamics with the potential to behave synchronously. In this study, a multinodal star all-optical network topology is investigated in terms of synchronization and robustness; 50 SLs with varied operating frequencies around a central frequency $\omega_{0}$ operate as star nodes and mutually interact with a central SL (hub) through optical injection signals and under specific conditions exhibit a synchronized behavior. Additional nodes that are subsequently connected to the network or nodes that disconnect from the network do not alter the dynamical behavior and the robustness of the system. Especially for the newly connected nodes, appropriate optimization in their operating conditions includes them in the synchronized cluster.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011

L. Appeltant, M. C. Soriano, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, S. Massar, J. Dambre, B. Schrauwen, C. R. Mirasso, I. Fischer, "Information processing using a single dynamical node as complex system," Nat. Commun. 2, 468 (2011).

N. Jiang, W. Pan, L. Yan, B. Luo, S. Xiang, L. Yang, D. Zheng, N. Li, "Chaos synchronization and communication in multiple time-delayed coupling semiconductor lasers driven by a third laser," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1220-1227 (2011).

2010

J. Zamora-Munt, C. Masoller, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, R. Roy, "Crowd synchrony and quorum sensing in delay-coupled lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 264101 (2010).

S. Heiligenthal, T. Dahms, S. Yanchuk, T. Jüngling, V. Flunkert, I. Kanter, E. Schöll, W. Kinzel, "Strong and weak chaos in nonlinear networks with time-delayed couplings," Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 234102 (2010).

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, G. Aromataris, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, "Private message transmission by common driving of two chaotic lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 258-264 (2010).

A. Englert, W. Kinzel, Y. Aviad, M. Butkovski, I. Reidler, M. Zigzag, I. Kanter, M. Rosenbluh, "Zero lag synchronization of chaotic systems with time delayed couplings," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 114102 (2010).

2009

S. Wieczorek, "Stohastic bifurcation in noise-driven lasers and Hopf oscillators," Phys. Rev. E 79, 036209 (2009).

2008

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, M. C. Wu, "Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 90-99 (2008).

R. Vicente, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, "Synchronization properties of three-coupled semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. E 78, 066202 (2008).

W.-L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, X.-H. Zou, M.-Y. Wang, "One-to-many and many-to-one optical chaos communications using semiconductor lasers," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 712-714 (2008).

2007

J. F. M. Ávila, R. Vicente, J. R. R. Leite, C. R. Mirasso, "Synchronization properties of bidirectionally coupled semiconductor lasers under asymmetric operating conditions," Phys. Rev. E 75, 066202 (2007).

C. M. González, M. C. Torrent, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, "Controlling the leader-laggard dynamics in delay-synchronized lasers," Chaos 17, 033122 (2007).

2006

A. L. Fradkov, R. J. Evans, B. R. Andrievsky, "Control of chaos: Methods and applications in mechanics," Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 364, 2279-2307 (2006).

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldú, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, J. García-Ojalvo, "Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

2005

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links," Nature 438, 343-346 (2005).

2003

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, K. Atsuki, "Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection," IEEE Quantum Electron. 39, 1196-1204 (2003).

2001

H. Fujino, J. Ohtsubo, "Synchronization of chaotic oscillations in mutually coupled semiconductor lasers," Opt. Rev. 8, 351-357 (2001).

1998

G. D. Van Wiggeren, R. Roy, "Communications with chaotic lasers," Science 279, 1198-1200 (1998).

1996

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, P. Garcia-Fernandez, "Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: Application to encoded communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299-301 (1996).

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati, A. Scire, "Synchronization of chaotic injected laser systems and its application to optical cryptography," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 953-959 (1996).

1995

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, "Bandwidth enhancement and broadband noise reduction in injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 709-711 (1995).

1994

1993

K. M. Cuomo, A. V. Oppenheim, "Circuit implementation of synchronized chaos with applications to communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65-68 (1993).

1990

L. M. Pecora, T. L. Caroll, "Synchronization in chaotic systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821-824 (1990).

1983

P. Grassberger, I. Procaccia, "Characterization of strange attractors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 346-349 (1983).

1980

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980).

Chaos

C. M. González, M. C. Torrent, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, "Controlling the leader-laggard dynamics in delay-synchronized lasers," Chaos 17, 033122 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati, A. Scire, "Synchronization of chaotic injected laser systems and its application to optical cryptography," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 953-959 (1996).

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, P. Garcia-Fernandez, "Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: Application to encoded communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299-301 (1996).

IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

N. Jiang, W. Pan, L. Yan, B. Luo, S. Xiang, L. Yang, D. Zheng, N. Li, "Chaos synchronization and communication in multiple time-delayed coupling semiconductor lasers driven by a third laser," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1220-1227 (2011).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, M. C. Wu, "Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 90-99 (2008).

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, G. Aromataris, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, "Private message transmission by common driving of two chaotic lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 258-264 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, "Bandwidth enhancement and broadband noise reduction in injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 709-711 (1995).

IEEE Quantum Electron.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, K. Atsuki, "Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection," IEEE Quantum Electron. 39, 1196-1204 (2003).

IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett.

W.-L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, X.-H. Zou, M.-Y. Wang, "One-to-many and many-to-one optical chaos communications using semiconductor lasers," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 712-714 (2008).

Nat. Commun.

L. Appeltant, M. C. Soriano, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, S. Massar, J. Dambre, B. Schrauwen, C. R. Mirasso, I. Fischer, "Information processing using a single dynamical node as complex system," Nat. Commun. 2, 468 (2011).

Nature

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links," Nature 438, 343-346 (2005).

Opt. Rev.

H. Fujino, J. Ohtsubo, "Synchronization of chaotic oscillations in mutually coupled semiconductor lasers," Opt. Rev. 8, 351-357 (2001).

Opt. Lett.

Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A

A. L. Fradkov, R. J. Evans, B. R. Andrievsky, "Control of chaos: Methods and applications in mechanics," Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 364, 2279-2307 (2006).

Phys. Rev. E

R. Vicente, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, "Synchronization properties of three-coupled semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. E 78, 066202 (2008).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. M. Cuomo, A. V. Oppenheim, "Circuit implementation of synchronized chaos with applications to communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65-68 (1993).

Phys. Rev. E

J. F. M. Ávila, R. Vicente, J. R. R. Leite, C. R. Mirasso, "Synchronization properties of bidirectionally coupled semiconductor lasers under asymmetric operating conditions," Phys. Rev. E 75, 066202 (2007).

S. Wieczorek, "Stohastic bifurcation in noise-driven lasers and Hopf oscillators," Phys. Rev. E 79, 036209 (2009).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. Grassberger, I. Procaccia, "Characterization of strange attractors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 346-349 (1983).

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldú, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, J. García-Ojalvo, "Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

J. Zamora-Munt, C. Masoller, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, R. Roy, "Crowd synchrony and quorum sensing in delay-coupled lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 264101 (2010).

S. Heiligenthal, T. Dahms, S. Yanchuk, T. Jüngling, V. Flunkert, I. Kanter, E. Schöll, W. Kinzel, "Strong and weak chaos in nonlinear networks with time-delayed couplings," Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 234102 (2010).

L. M. Pecora, T. L. Caroll, "Synchronization in chaotic systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821-824 (1990).

A. Englert, W. Kinzel, Y. Aviad, M. Butkovski, I. Reidler, M. Zigzag, I. Kanter, M. Rosenbluh, "Zero lag synchronization of chaotic systems with time delayed couplings," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 114102 (2010).

Science

G. D. Van Wiggeren, R. Roy, "Communications with chaotic lasers," Science 279, 1198-1200 (1998).

Other

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer, 1991).

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