Abstract

In this paper, we present a new and compact structure for optical amplifiers based on erbium-doped microfiber coil resonators (MCR). The performance of the device is modeled by solving numerically the MCR coupled-mode equations and the rate equations in the steady-state regime. Characteristics of amplifier are analyzed for two-, three-, and four-turn MCRs. The signal gain spectrum is studied in terms of amplifier length, signal wavelength, and signal, and pump power. Simulation results demonstrate that such a device selectively amplifies specific wavelengths due to its resonance nature. It is possible to obtain optical gain as high as 30 dB using a 10 mW pump power and a 0.1 <i>μ</i>W signal power. The amplified peaks show very narrow full-width at half-maximum that are very promising for microlasers.

© 2012 IEEE

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  2. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108-1-161108-3 (2005).
  3. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, A. Hale, D. J. DiGiovanni, "The microfiber loop resonator: Theory, experiment, and application," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 242-250 (2006).
  4. X. Guo, Y. H. Li, X. S. Jiang, L. M. Tong, "Demonstration of critical coupling in microfiber loops wrapped around a copper rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073512-1-073512-3 (2007).
  5. X. S. Jiang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501-1-223501-3 (2006).
  6. G. Vienne, "Demonstration of a reef knot microfiber resonator," Opt. Exp. 17, 6224-6229 (2009).
  7. L. Xiao, T. A. Birks, "High finesse microfiber knot resonators made from double-ended tapered fibers," Opt. Lett. 36, 1098-1100 (2011).
  8. Z. Chen, "Optically tunable microfiber-knot resonator," Opt. Exp. 19, 14217-14222 (2011).
  9. M. Sumetsky, "Optical fiber microcoil resonator," Opt. Exp. 12, 2303-2316 (2004).
  10. M. Sumetsky, "Uniform coil optical resonator and waveguide: Transmission spectrum, eigenmodes, and dispersion relation," Opt. Exp. 13, 4331-4340 (2005).
  11. F. Xu, P. Horak, G. Brambilla, "Optimized design of microcoil resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1561-1567 (2007).
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  14. Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, D. J. Richardson, "Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638-1640 (2010).
  15. Y. Chen, F. Xu, Y. Lu, "Teflon-coated microfiber resonator with weak temperature dependence," Opt. Exp. 19, 22923-22928 (2011).
  16. Y. Wu, "MOEMS accelerometer based on microfiber knot resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (2009).
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  18. C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, X. He, M. W. Yang, "Twisted optical microfibers for refractive index sensing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 848-850 (2011).
  19. X. S. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, L. M. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filters based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).
  20. Y. Chen, Z. Ma, Q. Yang, L. M. Tong, "Compact optical short-pass filters based on microfibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 2565-2567 (2008).
  21. Y. Wu, X. Zeng, C. Hou, J. Bai, G. Yang, "A tunable all-fiber filter based on microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191112-1-191112-2 (2008).
  22. Y. H. Li, "Modeling rare-earth doped microfiber ring lasers," Opt. Exp. 14, 7073-7086 (2006).
  23. X. S. Jiang, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513-1-143513-3 (2006).
  24. X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, L. M. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501-1-233501-3 (2007).
  25. Q. Yang, X. S. Jiang, X. Guo, Y. Chen, L. M. Tong, "Hybrid structure laser based on semiconductor nanowires and a silica microfiber knot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 10110-1-10110-3 (2009).
  26. L. M. Tong, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Exp. 14, 82-87 (2006).
  27. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).
  28. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Elsevier, 2006).
  29. L. Tong, J. Y. Lou, E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
  30. G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001) pp. 161-164.
  31. A. W. Snyder, J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983) pp. 481-482.
  32. A. R. Bahrampour, M. Karimi, M. J. A. Qamsari, H. R. Nejad, S. Keyvaninia, "All-optical set-reset flip-flop based on the passive microring-resonator bistability," Opt. Commun. 281, 5104-5113 (2008).

2011 (5)

L. Xiao, T. A. Birks, "High finesse microfiber knot resonators made from double-ended tapered fibers," Opt. Lett. 36, 1098-1100 (2011).

Z. Chen, "Optically tunable microfiber-knot resonator," Opt. Exp. 19, 14217-14222 (2011).

Y. Chen, F. Xu, Y. Lu, "Teflon-coated microfiber resonator with weak temperature dependence," Opt. Exp. 19, 22923-22928 (2011).

J. Scheuer1, M. Sumetsky, "Optical-fiber microcoil waveguides and resonators and their applications for interferometry and sensing," Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 465-478 (2011).

C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, X. He, M. W. Yang, "Twisted optical microfibers for refractive index sensing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 848-850 (2011).

2010 (1)

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, D. J. Richardson, "Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638-1640 (2010).

2009 (4)

Q. Yang, X. S. Jiang, X. Guo, Y. Chen, L. M. Tong, "Hybrid structure laser based on semiconductor nanowires and a silica microfiber knot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 10110-1-10110-3 (2009).

Y. Wu, "MOEMS accelerometer based on microfiber knot resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (2009).

G. Vienne, "Demonstration of a reef knot microfiber resonator," Opt. Exp. 17, 6224-6229 (2009).

G. Brambilla, "Optical fiber nanowires and microwires: Fabrication and applications," Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 107-161 (2009).

2008 (4)

M. Sumetsky, "Basic elements for microfiber photonics: Micro/nanofibers and microfiber coil resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 21-27 (2008).

Y. Chen, Z. Ma, Q. Yang, L. M. Tong, "Compact optical short-pass filters based on microfibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 2565-2567 (2008).

Y. Wu, X. Zeng, C. Hou, J. Bai, G. Yang, "A tunable all-fiber filter based on microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191112-1-191112-2 (2008).

A. R. Bahrampour, M. Karimi, M. J. A. Qamsari, H. R. Nejad, S. Keyvaninia, "All-optical set-reset flip-flop based on the passive microring-resonator bistability," Opt. Commun. 281, 5104-5113 (2008).

2007 (5)

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, L. M. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501-1-233501-3 (2007).

F. Xu, P. Horak, G. Brambilla, "Optimized design of microcoil resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1561-1567 (2007).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, "Manufacture of 3-D microfiber coil resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1481-1483 (2007).

X. S. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, L. M. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filters based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).

X. Guo, Y. H. Li, X. S. Jiang, L. M. Tong, "Demonstration of critical coupling in microfiber loops wrapped around a copper rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073512-1-073512-3 (2007).

2006 (5)

X. S. Jiang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501-1-223501-3 (2006).

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, A. Hale, D. J. DiGiovanni, "The microfiber loop resonator: Theory, experiment, and application," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 242-250 (2006).

L. M. Tong, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Exp. 14, 82-87 (2006).

Y. H. Li, "Modeling rare-earth doped microfiber ring lasers," Opt. Exp. 14, 7073-7086 (2006).

X. S. Jiang, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513-1-143513-3 (2006).

2005 (2)

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108-1-161108-3 (2005).

M. Sumetsky, "Uniform coil optical resonator and waveguide: Transmission spectrum, eigenmodes, and dispersion relation," Opt. Exp. 13, 4331-4340 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. Sumetsky, "Optical fiber microcoil resonator," Opt. Exp. 12, 2303-2316 (2004).

L. Tong, J. Y. Lou, E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 1025-1035 (2004).

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

G. Brambilla, "Optical fiber nanowires and microwires: Fabrication and applications," Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 107-161 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. S. Jiang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501-1-223501-3 (2006).

Q. Yang, X. S. Jiang, X. Guo, Y. Chen, L. M. Tong, "Hybrid structure laser based on semiconductor nanowires and a silica microfiber knot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 10110-1-10110-3 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Guo, Y. H. Li, X. S. Jiang, L. M. Tong, "Demonstration of critical coupling in microfiber loops wrapped around a copper rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073512-1-073512-3 (2007).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108-1-161108-3 (2005).

Y. Wu, X. Zeng, C. Hou, J. Bai, G. Yang, "A tunable all-fiber filter based on microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191112-1-191112-2 (2008).

X. S. Jiang, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513-1-143513-3 (2006).

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, L. M. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501-1-233501-3 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, D. J. Richardson, "Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638-1640 (2010).

Y. Wu, "MOEMS accelerometer based on microfiber knot resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, "Manufacture of 3-D microfiber coil resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1481-1483 (2007).

C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, X. He, M. W. Yang, "Twisted optical microfibers for refractive index sensing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 848-850 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

M. Sumetsky, "Basic elements for microfiber photonics: Micro/nanofibers and microfiber coil resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 21-27 (2008).

F. Xu, P. Horak, G. Brambilla, "Optimized design of microcoil resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1561-1567 (2007).

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, A. Hale, D. J. DiGiovanni, "The microfiber loop resonator: Theory, experiment, and application," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 242-250 (2006).

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. Scheuer1, M. Sumetsky, "Optical-fiber microcoil waveguides and resonators and their applications for interferometry and sensing," Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 465-478 (2011).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. R. Bahrampour, M. Karimi, M. J. A. Qamsari, H. R. Nejad, S. Keyvaninia, "All-optical set-reset flip-flop based on the passive microring-resonator bistability," Opt. Commun. 281, 5104-5113 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (2)

Y. H. Li, "Modeling rare-earth doped microfiber ring lasers," Opt. Exp. 14, 7073-7086 (2006).

L. M. Tong, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Exp. 14, 82-87 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (1)

L. Xiao, T. A. Birks, "High finesse microfiber knot resonators made from double-ended tapered fibers," Opt. Lett. 36, 1098-1100 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (6)

Z. Chen, "Optically tunable microfiber-knot resonator," Opt. Exp. 19, 14217-14222 (2011).

M. Sumetsky, "Optical fiber microcoil resonator," Opt. Exp. 12, 2303-2316 (2004).

M. Sumetsky, "Uniform coil optical resonator and waveguide: Transmission spectrum, eigenmodes, and dispersion relation," Opt. Exp. 13, 4331-4340 (2005).

G. Vienne, "Demonstration of a reef knot microfiber resonator," Opt. Exp. 17, 6224-6229 (2009).

Y. Chen, F. Xu, Y. Lu, "Teflon-coated microfiber resonator with weak temperature dependence," Opt. Exp. 19, 22923-22928 (2011).

L. Tong, J. Y. Lou, E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 1025-1035 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001) pp. 161-164.

A. W. Snyder, J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983) pp. 481-482.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Elsevier, 2006).

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