Abstract

We describe the performance of 1.3 <i>μ</i>m InGaAlAs ridge waveguide multiple quantum-well distributed feedback lasers. We obtained a 3 dB down bandwidth frequency of around 30 GHz by shortening the cavity length of the laser. We demonstrated experimentally that it is possible to obtain clear eye opening at a 43 Gb/s modulation speed after a 40 km single-mode fiber (SMF) transmission using a directly modulated laser. We fabricated a compact transistor outline (TO)-CAN module whose volume was about 1/19 that of a conventional butterfly package. We successfully obtained clear eye opening for a 40 km SMF transmission at 43 Gb/s with the TO-CAN module.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. http://www.ieee802.org/3/ba/.
  2. K. Otsubo, M. Matsuda, K. Takada, S. Okumura, M. Ekawa, H. Tanaka, S. Ide, K. Mori, T. Yamamoto, "Uncooled 25 Gbit/s direct modulation of semi-insulating buried-heterostructure 1.3 μm AlGaInAs quantum-well DFB lasers," Electron. Lett. 44, 631-632 (2008).
  3. T. Tadokoro, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, H. Oohashi, Y. Kondo, K. Kishi, "Operation of a 25-Gb/s direct modulation ridge waveguide MQW-DFB laser up to 85°C," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1154-1156 (2009).
  4. R. Paoletti, M. Agresti, D. Bertone, C. Bruschi, S. Codato, C. Coriasso, R. Defranceschi, P. Dellacasa, M. Diloreto, R. Fang, P. Gotta, G. Meneghini, C. Rigo, E. Riva, G. Roggero, A. Stano, M. Meliga, "Uncooled 20 Gb/s direct modulation of high yield, highly reliable 1300 nm InGaAlAs ridge DFB lasers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.
  5. A. K. Verma, M. Steib, Y. L. Ha, T. Sudo, "25 Gbps 1.3 μm DFB laser for 10–25 km transmission in 100 GbE systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.
  6. T. Fukamachi, K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, S. Tsuji, "Wide temperature range operation of 25-Gb/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs directly modulated lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1138-1145 (2011).
  7. G. Sakaino, "25.8 Gbps direct modulation of BH AlGaInAs DFB lasers with p-InP substrate for low driving current," presented at the Int. Semicond. Laser Conf. KyotoJapan (2010).
  8. I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. R. Rum-Mohan, "Band parameters for III-V compound semiconductors and their alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5815-5875 (2001).
  9. K. Sato, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, N. Shimizu, "40 Gbit/s direct modulation of distributed feedback laser for very-short-reach optical links," Electron. Lett. 38, 816-817 (2002).
  10. K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, M. Mukaikubo, "40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).
  11. K. Otsubo, M. Matsuda, K. Takada, S. Okumura, M. Ekawa, H. Tanaka, S. Ide, K. Mori, T. Yamamoto, "1.3-μm AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well semi-insulating buried-heterostructure distributed-feedback lasers for high-speed direct modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 687-693 (2009).
  12. W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, T. Fujisawa, N. Fujiwara, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, "40-Gbps direct modulation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs DFB laser in compact TO-CAN package," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  13. R. Olshansky, P. Hill, V. Lanzisera, W. Powazinik, "Frequency response of 1.3 μm InGaAsP high speed semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1410-1418 (1987).
  14. P. A. Morton, H. Temkin, D. L. Coblentz, R. A. Logan, T. Tanbun-Ek, "Enhanced modulation bandwidth of strained multiple quantum well lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1812-1814 (1992).
  15. W. Kobayashi, K. Tsuzuki, T. Tadokoro, T. Fujisawa, N. Fujiwara, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, "40-Gb/s operation of a 1.3-/1.55-μm InGaAlAs electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser in compact TO-CAN package," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1183-1190 (2011).
  16. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol 10, 1937-1940 (1993).
  17. Making time-resolved chirp measurements using the optical spectrum analyzer and digital communications analyzer Santa ClaraCA Agilent Technologies Application Note 1550-7.
  18. T. L. Koch, J. E. Bowers, "Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers," Electron. Lett. 20, 1038-1040 (1984).
  19. T. L. Koch, R. A. Linke, "Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 613-615 (1986).
  20. P. S. Henry, "Lightwave primer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1862-1879 (1985).
  21. J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, "The effect of laser chirping on lightwave system performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 568-573 (1989).
  22. A. H. Ganuck, S. K. Korotky, J. J. Veselka, J. Nagel, C. T. Kemmerer, W. J. Minford, D. T. Moser, "Dispersion penalty reduction using an optical modulator with adjustable chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 916-918 (1991).

2011

T. Fukamachi, K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, S. Tsuji, "Wide temperature range operation of 25-Gb/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs directly modulated lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1138-1145 (2011).

W. Kobayashi, K. Tsuzuki, T. Tadokoro, T. Fujisawa, N. Fujiwara, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, "40-Gb/s operation of a 1.3-/1.55-μm InGaAlAs electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser in compact TO-CAN package," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1183-1190 (2011).

2009

T. Tadokoro, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, H. Oohashi, Y. Kondo, K. Kishi, "Operation of a 25-Gb/s direct modulation ridge waveguide MQW-DFB laser up to 85°C," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1154-1156 (2009).

K. Otsubo, M. Matsuda, K. Takada, S. Okumura, M. Ekawa, H. Tanaka, S. Ide, K. Mori, T. Yamamoto, "1.3-μm AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well semi-insulating buried-heterostructure distributed-feedback lasers for high-speed direct modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 687-693 (2009).

2008

K. Otsubo, M. Matsuda, K. Takada, S. Okumura, M. Ekawa, H. Tanaka, S. Ide, K. Mori, T. Yamamoto, "Uncooled 25 Gbit/s direct modulation of semi-insulating buried-heterostructure 1.3 μm AlGaInAs quantum-well DFB lasers," Electron. Lett. 44, 631-632 (2008).

2007

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, M. Mukaikubo, "40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

2002

K. Sato, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, N. Shimizu, "40 Gbit/s direct modulation of distributed feedback laser for very-short-reach optical links," Electron. Lett. 38, 816-817 (2002).

2001

I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. R. Rum-Mohan, "Band parameters for III-V compound semiconductors and their alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5815-5875 (2001).

1993

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol 10, 1937-1940 (1993).

1992

P. A. Morton, H. Temkin, D. L. Coblentz, R. A. Logan, T. Tanbun-Ek, "Enhanced modulation bandwidth of strained multiple quantum well lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1812-1814 (1992).

1991

A. H. Ganuck, S. K. Korotky, J. J. Veselka, J. Nagel, C. T. Kemmerer, W. J. Minford, D. T. Moser, "Dispersion penalty reduction using an optical modulator with adjustable chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 916-918 (1991).

1989

J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, "The effect of laser chirping on lightwave system performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 568-573 (1989).

1987

R. Olshansky, P. Hill, V. Lanzisera, W. Powazinik, "Frequency response of 1.3 μm InGaAsP high speed semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1410-1418 (1987).

1986

T. L. Koch, R. A. Linke, "Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 613-615 (1986).

1985

P. S. Henry, "Lightwave primer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1862-1879 (1985).

1984

T. L. Koch, J. E. Bowers, "Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers," Electron. Lett. 20, 1038-1040 (1984).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. A. Morton, H. Temkin, D. L. Coblentz, R. A. Logan, T. Tanbun-Ek, "Enhanced modulation bandwidth of strained multiple quantum well lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1812-1814 (1992).

T. L. Koch, R. A. Linke, "Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 613-615 (1986).

Electron. Lett.

T. L. Koch, J. E. Bowers, "Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers," Electron. Lett. 20, 1038-1040 (1984).

Electron. Lett.

K. Sato, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, N. Shimizu, "40 Gbit/s direct modulation of distributed feedback laser for very-short-reach optical links," Electron. Lett. 38, 816-817 (2002).

K. Otsubo, M. Matsuda, K. Takada, S. Okumura, M. Ekawa, H. Tanaka, S. Ide, K. Mori, T. Yamamoto, "Uncooled 25 Gbit/s direct modulation of semi-insulating buried-heterostructure 1.3 μm AlGaInAs quantum-well DFB lasers," Electron. Lett. 44, 631-632 (2008).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Olshansky, P. Hill, V. Lanzisera, W. Powazinik, "Frequency response of 1.3 μm InGaAsP high speed semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1410-1418 (1987).

P. S. Henry, "Lightwave primer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1862-1879 (1985).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

T. Fukamachi, K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, S. Tsuji, "Wide temperature range operation of 25-Gb/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs directly modulated lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1138-1145 (2011).

K. Otsubo, M. Matsuda, K. Takada, S. Okumura, M. Ekawa, H. Tanaka, S. Ide, K. Mori, T. Yamamoto, "1.3-μm AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well semi-insulating buried-heterostructure distributed-feedback lasers for high-speed direct modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 687-693 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

W. Kobayashi, K. Tsuzuki, T. Tadokoro, T. Fujisawa, N. Fujiwara, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, "40-Gb/s operation of a 1.3-/1.55-μm InGaAlAs electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser in compact TO-CAN package," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1183-1190 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. H. Ganuck, S. K. Korotky, J. J. Veselka, J. Nagel, C. T. Kemmerer, W. J. Minford, D. T. Moser, "Dispersion penalty reduction using an optical modulator with adjustable chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 916-918 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, M. Mukaikubo, "40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

T. Tadokoro, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, H. Oohashi, Y. Kondo, K. Kishi, "Operation of a 25-Gb/s direct modulation ridge waveguide MQW-DFB laser up to 85°C," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1154-1156 (2009).

J. Appl. Phys.

I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. R. Rum-Mohan, "Band parameters for III-V compound semiconductors and their alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5815-5875 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, "The effect of laser chirping on lightwave system performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 568-573 (1989).

J. Lightw. Technol

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol 10, 1937-1940 (1993).

Other

Making time-resolved chirp measurements using the optical spectrum analyzer and digital communications analyzer Santa ClaraCA Agilent Technologies Application Note 1550-7.

W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, T. Fujisawa, N. Fujiwara, T. Yamanaka, F. Kano, "40-Gbps direct modulation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs DFB laser in compact TO-CAN package," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.

http://www.ieee802.org/3/ba/.

G. Sakaino, "25.8 Gbps direct modulation of BH AlGaInAs DFB lasers with p-InP substrate for low driving current," presented at the Int. Semicond. Laser Conf. KyotoJapan (2010).

R. Paoletti, M. Agresti, D. Bertone, C. Bruschi, S. Codato, C. Coriasso, R. Defranceschi, P. Dellacasa, M. Diloreto, R. Fang, P. Gotta, G. Meneghini, C. Rigo, E. Riva, G. Roggero, A. Stano, M. Meliga, "Uncooled 20 Gb/s direct modulation of high yield, highly reliable 1300 nm InGaAlAs ridge DFB lasers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.

A. K. Verma, M. Steib, Y. L. Ha, T. Sudo, "25 Gbps 1.3 μm DFB laser for 10–25 km transmission in 100 GbE systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.

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