Abstract

Recently, circular polarizer with cylindrical double-helical metamaterials has been proposed to broaden the operation band of cylindrical single-helical metamaterials, but its extinction ratio is deteriorated. In this paper, we proposed a circular polarizer with conical double-helical metamaterials, which have a large extinction ratio of 83:1, more than four times higher than that of cylindrical double-helical metamaterials. Furthermore, we gave a qualitative interpretation about this phenomenon through analyzing the interaction between two helical wires in one unit cell of the circular polarizer.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, M. C. K. Wiltshire, "Metamaterials and negative refractive index," Science 305, 788-792 (2004).
  2. C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Negative refractive index at optical wavelengths," Science 315, 47-49 (2007).
  3. V. M. Shalaev, "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2006).
  4. J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
  5. A. Alu, N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623-1-016623-9 (2005).
  6. U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
  7. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
  8. Y. Q. Ye, S. L. He, "90° polarization rotator using a bilayered chiral metamaterial with giant optical activity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203501 (2010).
  9. M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Strong optical activity from twisted-cross photonic metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 34, 2501-2503 (2009).
  10. H. S. Oh, S. Liu, H. S. Jee, A. Baev, M. T. Swihart, P. N. Prasad, "Chiral poly (fluorene-alt-benzothiadiazole) (PFBT) and nanocomposites with gold nanoparticles: Plasmonically and structurally enhanced chirality," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17346-17348 (2010).
  11. M. Decker, M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, S. Linden, "Circular dichroism of planar chiral magnetic metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 32, 856-858 (2007).
  12. D. H. Kwon, P. L. Werner, D. H. Werner, "Optical planar chiral metamaterial designs for strong circular dichroism and polarization rotation," Opt. Exp. 16, 11802-11807 (2008).
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  14. E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, N. I. Zheludev, "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B. 79, 035407-1-035407-6 (2009).
  15. S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, X. Zhang, "Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901-1-023901-4 (2009).
  16. J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer," Science 325, 1513-1515 (2009).
  17. J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, S. Linden, "Gold helix photonic metamaterials: A numerical parameter study," Opt. Exp. 18, 1059-1069 (2010).
  18. Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, P. X. Lu, Y. F. Lu, "Ultrabroadband optical circular polarizers consisting of double-helical nanowire structures," Opt. Lett. 35, 2588-2590 (2010).
  19. Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, Y. F. Lu, "Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3415-3421 (2010).
  20. Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, P. X. Lu, "How to improve the signal-to-noise ratio for circular polarizers consisting of helical metamaterials?," Opt. Exp. 19, 4255-4260 (2011).
  21. Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, S. X. Li, M. Zhao, "Higher extinction ratio circular polarizers with hetero-structured double-helical metamaterials," Opt. Exp. 19, 10886-10894 (2011).
  22. J. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic-waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).
  23. P. Harms, R. Mittra, W. Ko, "Implementation of the periodic boundary condition in the finite-difference time-domain algorithm for FSS structures," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 42, 1317-1324 (1994).
  24. A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, M. L. Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt. 37, 5271-5283 (1998).
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  26. M. Thiel, M. Decker, M. Deubel, M. Wegener, S. Linden, G. von Freymann, "Polarization stop bands in chiral polymeric three-dimensional photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 19, 207-210 (2007).

2011 (2)

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, P. X. Lu, "How to improve the signal-to-noise ratio for circular polarizers consisting of helical metamaterials?," Opt. Exp. 19, 4255-4260 (2011).

Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, S. X. Li, M. Zhao, "Higher extinction ratio circular polarizers with hetero-structured double-helical metamaterials," Opt. Exp. 19, 10886-10894 (2011).

2010 (5)

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, S. Linden, "Gold helix photonic metamaterials: A numerical parameter study," Opt. Exp. 18, 1059-1069 (2010).

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, Y. F. Lu, "Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3415-3421 (2010).

Y. Q. Ye, S. L. He, "90° polarization rotator using a bilayered chiral metamaterial with giant optical activity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203501 (2010).

H. S. Oh, S. Liu, H. S. Jee, A. Baev, M. T. Swihart, P. N. Prasad, "Chiral poly (fluorene-alt-benzothiadiazole) (PFBT) and nanocomposites with gold nanoparticles: Plasmonically and structurally enhanced chirality," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17346-17348 (2010).

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, P. X. Lu, Y. F. Lu, "Ultrabroadband optical circular polarizers consisting of double-helical nanowire structures," Opt. Lett. 35, 2588-2590 (2010).

2009 (4)

M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Strong optical activity from twisted-cross photonic metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 34, 2501-2503 (2009).

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, N. I. Zheludev, "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B. 79, 035407-1-035407-6 (2009).

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, X. Zhang, "Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901-1-023901-4 (2009).

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer," Science 325, 1513-1515 (2009).

2008 (1)

D. H. Kwon, P. L. Werner, D. H. Werner, "Optical planar chiral metamaterial designs for strong circular dichroism and polarization rotation," Opt. Exp. 16, 11802-11807 (2008).

2007 (3)

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Negative refractive index at optical wavelengths," Science 315, 47-49 (2007).

M. Decker, M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, S. Linden, "Circular dichroism of planar chiral magnetic metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 32, 856-858 (2007).

M. Thiel, M. Decker, M. Deubel, M. Wegener, S. Linden, G. von Freymann, "Polarization stop bands in chiral polymeric three-dimensional photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 19, 207-210 (2007).

2006 (3)

V. M. Shalaev, "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2006).

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Alu, N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623-1-016623-9 (2005).

2004 (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, M. C. K. Wiltshire, "Metamaterials and negative refractive index," Science 305, 788-792 (2004).

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1353-1355 (2004).

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).

1998 (1)

A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, M. L. Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt. 37, 5271-5283 (1998).

1994 (2)

J. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic-waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).

P. Harms, R. Mittra, W. Ko, "Implementation of the periodic boundary condition in the finite-difference time-domain algorithm for FSS structures," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 42, 1317-1324 (1994).

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Thiel, M. Decker, M. Deubel, M. Wegener, S. Linden, G. von Freymann, "Polarization stop bands in chiral polymeric three-dimensional photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 19, 207-210 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (1)

A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, M. L. Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt. 37, 5271-5283 (1998).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Q. Ye, S. L. He, "90° polarization rotator using a bilayered chiral metamaterial with giant optical activity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203501 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

P. Harms, R. Mittra, W. Ko, "Implementation of the periodic boundary condition in the finite-difference time-domain algorithm for FSS structures," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 42, 1317-1324 (1994).

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic-waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H. S. Oh, S. Liu, H. S. Jee, A. Baev, M. T. Swihart, P. N. Prasad, "Chiral poly (fluorene-alt-benzothiadiazole) (PFBT) and nanocomposites with gold nanoparticles: Plasmonically and structurally enhanced chirality," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17346-17348 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, Y. F. Lu, "Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3415-3421 (2010).

Nat. Photon. (1)

V. M. Shalaev, "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, P. X. Lu, "How to improve the signal-to-noise ratio for circular polarizers consisting of helical metamaterials?," Opt. Exp. 19, 4255-4260 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (3)

Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, S. X. Li, M. Zhao, "Higher extinction ratio circular polarizers with hetero-structured double-helical metamaterials," Opt. Exp. 19, 10886-10894 (2011).

D. H. Kwon, P. L. Werner, D. H. Werner, "Optical planar chiral metamaterial designs for strong circular dichroism and polarization rotation," Opt. Exp. 16, 11802-11807 (2008).

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, S. Linden, "Gold helix photonic metamaterials: A numerical parameter study," Opt. Exp. 18, 1059-1069 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

A. Alu, N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623-1-016623-9 (2005).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, X. Zhang, "Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901-1-023901-4 (2009).

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, N. I. Zheludev, "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B. 79, 035407-1-035407-6 (2009).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).

Science (6)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, M. C. K. Wiltshire, "Metamaterials and negative refractive index," Science 305, 788-792 (2004).

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Negative refractive index at optical wavelengths," Science 315, 47-49 (2007).

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1353-1355 (2004).

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, M. Wegener, "Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer," Science 325, 1513-1515 (2009).

Other (1)

J. D. Kraus, R. J. Marhefka, Antennas: For All Applications (McGraw-Hill, 2003) pp. 251-258.

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