Abstract

A compact two-mode (de)multiplexer (TM-MUX) based on Si nanowire for mode-division multiplexing is designed. The TM-MUX is composed of two multimode interference (MMI) waveguides and a butterfly-shape tapered phase shifter between two MMI waveguides. Numerical simulations show that the designed device is compact compared with conventional-mode (de)multiplexer and operates as a TM-MUX in the whole C-band. In addition, we show that the designed TM-MUX has relatively good fabrication tolerance.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, T. Wang, "101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper PDPB5.
  2. A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, M. Fujiwara, K. Horikoshi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, M. Matsui, M. Mizoguchi, H. Yamazaki, Y. Sakamaki, H. Ishii, "69.1-Tb/s (432×171-Gb/s) C- and extended L-band transmission over 240 km using PDM-16-QAM modulation and digital coherent detection," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Paper PDPB7.
  3. T. Morioka, "New generation optical infrastructure technologies: “EXAT initiative” towards 2020 and beyond," presented at the 14th OptoElectron. Commun. Conf. Hong Kong (2009) Paper FT4.
  4. R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).
  5. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OWA4.
  6. A. Li, A. A. Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Transmission of 107-Gb/s mode and polarization multiplexed CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 8808-8814 (2011).
  7. A. A. Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, W. Shieh, "Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 16672-16679 (2011).
  8. N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, "Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 20, 2668-2680 (2012).
  9. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).
  10. M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. B.-Astruc, L. Provost, G. Charlet, "Mode-division multiplexing of 2×100 Gb/s channels using an LCOS-based spatial modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 618-623 (2012).
  11. M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, "Simultaneous dual mode add/drop multiplexers for optical inter-connects buses," Opt. Commun. 266, 527-531 (2006).
  12. J. D. Love, R. W. C. Vance, A. Joblin, "Asymmetric, adiabatic multipronged planar splitters," Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 353-369 (1996).
  13. J. D. Love, N. Riesen, "Single-, few-, and multimode Y-junctions," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 304-309 (2012).
  14. S. Bagheri, W. M. J. Green, "Silicon-on-insulator mode-selective add-drop unit for on-chip mode-division multiplexing," Proc. 6th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2009) pp. 166-168.
  15. F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 18, 4709-4716 (2010).
  16. K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, "High performance fused-type mode selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501-503 (2002).
  17. D. Dai, S. He, "Proposal for diminishment of the polarization-dependency in a Si-nanowire multimode interference (MMI) coupler by tapering the MMI section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 599-601 (2008).
  18. A. M. Al-Hetar, A. B. Mohammad, A. S. M. Supa'at, Z. A. Shamsan, "MMI-MZI polymer thermo-optic switch with a high refractive index contrast," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 171-178 (2011).
  19. S.-H. Jeong, K. Morito, "Compact and wideband optical 90° hybrid based on a one-way tapered MMI coupler," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThD2.
  20. D. Dai, S. Liu, S. He, Q. Zhou, "Optimal design of an MMI coupler for broadening the spectral response of an AWG demultiplexer," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1957-1961 (2002).
  21. L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
  22. J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, "Multimode interference couplers for the conversion and combining of zero- and first-order modes," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1228-1238 (1998).
  23. S.-H. Jeong, K. Morito, "Novel optical 90° hybrid consisting of a paired interference based 2×4 MMI coupler, a phase shifter and a 2×2 MMI coupler," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1323-1331 (2010).
  24. Y. Dattner, O. Y.-Pecht, "Analysis of the effective refractive index of silicon waveguides through the constructive and destructive interference in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1123-1132 (2011).
  25. Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, "Finite element method using port truncation by perfectly matched layer boundary conditions for optical waveguide discontinuity problems," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 463-468 (2002).
  26. Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design of optical XOR, XNOR, NAND, and OR logic gates based on multi-mode interference waveguides for binary-phase-shift-keyed signal," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2836-2846 (2011).
  27. J. F. Song, S. H. Tao, Q. Fang, T. Y. Liow, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, "Thermo-optical enhanced silicon wire interleavers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2165-2167 (2008).
  28. M. Wood, P. Sun, R. M. Reano, "Compact cantilever couplers for low loss fiber coupling to silicon photonic integrated circuits," Opt. Exp. 20, 164-172 (2012).

2012

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, "Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 20, 2668-2680 (2012).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. B.-Astruc, L. Provost, G. Charlet, "Mode-division multiplexing of 2×100 Gb/s channels using an LCOS-based spatial modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 618-623 (2012).

J. D. Love, N. Riesen, "Single-, few-, and multimode Y-junctions," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 304-309 (2012).

M. Wood, P. Sun, R. M. Reano, "Compact cantilever couplers for low loss fiber coupling to silicon photonic integrated circuits," Opt. Exp. 20, 164-172 (2012).

2011

Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design of optical XOR, XNOR, NAND, and OR logic gates based on multi-mode interference waveguides for binary-phase-shift-keyed signal," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2836-2846 (2011).

A. Li, A. A. Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Transmission of 107-Gb/s mode and polarization multiplexed CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 8808-8814 (2011).

A. A. Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, W. Shieh, "Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 16672-16679 (2011).

A. M. Al-Hetar, A. B. Mohammad, A. S. M. Supa'at, Z. A. Shamsan, "MMI-MZI polymer thermo-optic switch with a high refractive index contrast," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 171-178 (2011).

Y. Dattner, O. Y.-Pecht, "Analysis of the effective refractive index of silicon waveguides through the constructive and destructive interference in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1123-1132 (2011).

2010

S.-H. Jeong, K. Morito, "Novel optical 90° hybrid consisting of a paired interference based 2×4 MMI coupler, a phase shifter and a 2×2 MMI coupler," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1323-1331 (2010).

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 18, 4709-4716 (2010).

2008

D. Dai, S. He, "Proposal for diminishment of the polarization-dependency in a Si-nanowire multimode interference (MMI) coupler by tapering the MMI section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 599-601 (2008).

J. F. Song, S. H. Tao, Q. Fang, T. Y. Liow, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, "Thermo-optical enhanced silicon wire interleavers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2165-2167 (2008).

2006

M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, "Simultaneous dual mode add/drop multiplexers for optical inter-connects buses," Opt. Commun. 266, 527-531 (2006).

2002

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, "High performance fused-type mode selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501-503 (2002).

D. Dai, S. Liu, S. He, Q. Zhou, "Optimal design of an MMI coupler for broadening the spectral response of an AWG demultiplexer," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1957-1961 (2002).

Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, "Finite element method using port truncation by perfectly matched layer boundary conditions for optical waveguide discontinuity problems," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 463-468 (2002).

1998

J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, "Multimode interference couplers for the conversion and combining of zero- and first-order modes," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1228-1238 (1998).

1996

J. D. Love, R. W. C. Vance, A. Joblin, "Asymmetric, adiabatic multipronged planar splitters," Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 353-369 (1996).

1995

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

IEEE Photon. J.

Y. Dattner, O. Y.-Pecht, "Analysis of the effective refractive index of silicon waveguides through the constructive and destructive interference in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1123-1132 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. F. Song, S. H. Tao, Q. Fang, T. Y. Liow, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, "Thermo-optical enhanced silicon wire interleavers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2165-2167 (2008).

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, "High performance fused-type mode selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501-503 (2002).

D. Dai, S. He, "Proposal for diminishment of the polarization-dependency in a Si-nanowire multimode interference (MMI) coupler by tapering the MMI section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 599-601 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. M. Al-Hetar, A. B. Mohammad, A. S. M. Supa'at, Z. A. Shamsan, "MMI-MZI polymer thermo-optic switch with a high refractive index contrast," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 171-178 (2011).

J. D. Love, N. Riesen, "Single-, few-, and multimode Y-junctions," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 304-309 (2012).

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. B.-Astruc, L. Provost, G. Charlet, "Mode-division multiplexing of 2×100 Gb/s channels using an LCOS-based spatial modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 618-623 (2012).

Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, "Finite element method using port truncation by perfectly matched layer boundary conditions for optical waveguide discontinuity problems," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 463-468 (2002).

Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design of optical XOR, XNOR, NAND, and OR logic gates based on multi-mode interference waveguides for binary-phase-shift-keyed signal," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2836-2846 (2011).

D. Dai, S. Liu, S. He, Q. Zhou, "Optimal design of an MMI coupler for broadening the spectral response of an AWG demultiplexer," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1957-1961 (2002).

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, "Multimode interference couplers for the conversion and combining of zero- and first-order modes," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1228-1238 (1998).

S.-H. Jeong, K. Morito, "Novel optical 90° hybrid consisting of a paired interference based 2×4 MMI coupler, a phase shifter and a 2×2 MMI coupler," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1323-1331 (2010).

Opt. Commun.

M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, "Simultaneous dual mode add/drop multiplexers for optical inter-connects buses," Opt. Commun. 266, 527-531 (2006).

Opt. Exp.

A. Li, A. A. Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Transmission of 107-Gb/s mode and polarization multiplexed CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 8808-8814 (2011).

A. A. Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, W. Shieh, "Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 16672-16679 (2011).

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, "Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 20, 2668-2680 (2012).

M. Wood, P. Sun, R. M. Reano, "Compact cantilever couplers for low loss fiber coupling to silicon photonic integrated circuits," Opt. Exp. 20, 164-172 (2012).

F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 18, 4709-4716 (2010).

Opt. Quantum Electron.

J. D. Love, R. W. C. Vance, A. Joblin, "Asymmetric, adiabatic multipronged planar splitters," Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 353-369 (1996).

Other

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OWA4.

D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, T. Wang, "101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper PDPB5.

A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, M. Fujiwara, K. Horikoshi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, M. Matsui, M. Mizoguchi, H. Yamazaki, Y. Sakamaki, H. Ishii, "69.1-Tb/s (432×171-Gb/s) C- and extended L-band transmission over 240 km using PDM-16-QAM modulation and digital coherent detection," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Paper PDPB7.

T. Morioka, "New generation optical infrastructure technologies: “EXAT initiative” towards 2020 and beyond," presented at the 14th OptoElectron. Commun. Conf. Hong Kong (2009) Paper FT4.

S. Bagheri, W. M. J. Green, "Silicon-on-insulator mode-selective add-drop unit for on-chip mode-division multiplexing," Proc. 6th IEEE Int. Conf. Group IV Photon. (2009) pp. 166-168.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Morito, "Compact and wideband optical 90° hybrid based on a one-way tapered MMI coupler," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThD2.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.