Abstract

We propose a novel side-hole dual-core photonic crystal fiber (SHDC-PCF) which is used as the sensing element of the hydrostatic pressure sensor. There are two solid fiber cores separated by one small air hole in the triangular lattice photonic crystal structure region. Two large air holes are employed in the cross-section outside of the photonic crystal structure region, which essentially provides a built-in transducing mechanism to enhance the pressure-induced index change for the SHDC-PCF. The mode coupling between two fiber cores of the SHDC-PCF under different hydrostatic pressure is numerically investigated. The SHDC-PCF based pressure sensor is simply formed by using a segment of SHDC-PCF spliced to two single mode fibers. Our simulations show that there is a linear relationship between the hydrostatic pressure applied on the SHDC-PCF and the peak wavelength shift of the sensor output spectrum. A hydrostatic pressure sensor based on a 10-cm SHDC-PCF has shown a sensing range from 0 to 500 MPa and a sensitivity of 32 pm/MPa. The performances of hydrostatic pressure sensors based on SHDC-PCFs with different structure parameters are presented.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (2)

D. Chen, G. Hu, L. Chen, "Dual-core photonic crystal fiber for hydrostatic pressure sensing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1851-1853 (2011).

D. Chen, G. Hu, M.-L. V. Tse, H. Y. Tam, "Dual-core side-hole fiber for pressure sensing based on intensity detection," J. of Electromagn. Waves and Appl. 25, 775-784 (2011).

2010 (8)

C. Wu, B. O. Guan, Z. Wang, X. Feng, "Characterization of pressure response of Bragg gratings in grapefruit microstructured fibers," J. Lightw.Technol. 28, 1392-1397 (2010).

J. S. Chiang, N. H. Sun, S. C. Lin, W. F. Liu, "Analysis of an ultrashort PCF-based polarization splitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 707-713 (2010).

W. Yuan, G. E. Town, O. Bang, "Refractive index sensing in an all-solid twin-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Sens. J. 10, 1192-1199 (2010).

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure," Opt. Exp.. 18, 15113-15121 (2010).

F. Beltrán-Mejía, G. Chesini, E. Silvestre, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Ultrahigh-birefringent squeezed lattice photonic crystal fiber with rotated elliptical air holes," Opt. Lett. 35, 544-546 (2010).

G. E. Town, W. Yuan, R. McCosker, O. Bang, "Microstructured optical fiber refractive index sensor," Opt. Lett. 35, 856-858 (2010).

D. Chen, G. Wu, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber based on a double-hole unit," Appl. Opt. 49, 1682-1686 (2010).

H. Y. Fu, C. Wu, M. L. V. Tse, L. Zhang, K. C. D. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, B. O. Guan, C. Lu, "High pressure sensor based on photonic crystal fiber for downhole application," Appl. Opt. 49, 2639-2644 (2010).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

H. Y. Fu, H. Y. Tam, L. Y. Shao, X. Dong, P. K. A. Wai, C. Lu, S. K. Khijwania, "Pressure sensor realized with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber-based sagnac interferometer," Appl. Opt. 47, 2835-2839 (2008).

2007 (4)

D. Chen, L. Shen, "Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers with double defect," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2700-2705 (2007).

D. Chen, L. Shen, "Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultralow confinement loss," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185-187 (2007).

J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 15, 15365-15376 (2007).

X. Dong, P. Shum, H. Y. Tam, "Temperature-insensitive strain sensor with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber based on sagnac interferometer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113-151115 (2007).

2006 (1)

S. Yang, Y. Zhang, X. Peng, Y. Lu, S. Xie, J. Li, W. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Peng, H. Li, "Theoretical study and experimental fabrication of high negative dispersion photonic crystal fiber with large area mode field," Opt. Exp. 14, 3015-3023 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Huttunen, P. Törmä, "Optimization of dual-core and microstructure fiber geometries for dispersion compensation and large mode area," Opt. Exp. 13, 627-635 (2005).

2004 (2)

H. Dobb, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, "Temperature-insensitive long period grating sensors in photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 40, 657-658 (2004).

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, "Effects of hydrostatic pressure on phase and group modal birefringence in microstructured holey fibers," Appl. Opt. 43, 4739-4744 (2004).

2003 (1)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature. 424, 847-851 (2003).

2001 (3)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Sensing with microstructured optical fibers," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001).

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).

M. J. Steel, R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 229-231 (2001).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, W. Urbanczyk, W. J. Bock, "Possibilities of application of the side-hole circular core fiber in monitoring of high pressures," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 805-808 (1998).

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

W. P. Huang, "Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides: An overview," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A. 11, 963-983 (1994).

1986 (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

H. Y. Fu, H. Y. Tam, L. Y. Shao, X. Dong, P. K. A. Wai, C. Lu, S. K. Khijwania, "Pressure sensor realized with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber-based sagnac interferometer," Appl. Opt. 47, 2835-2839 (2008).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Dong, P. Shum, H. Y. Tam, "Temperature-insensitive strain sensor with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber based on sagnac interferometer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113-151115 (2007).

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Dobb, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, "Temperature-insensitive long period grating sensors in photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 40, 657-658 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Chen, L. Shen, "Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultralow confinement loss," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185-187 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, W. Urbanczyk, W. J. Bock, "Possibilities of application of the side-hole circular core fiber in monitoring of high pressures," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 805-808 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Chen, G. Hu, L. Chen, "Dual-core photonic crystal fiber for hydrostatic pressure sensing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1851-1853 (2011).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

W. Yuan, G. E. Town, O. Bang, "Refractive index sensing in an all-solid twin-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Sens. J. 10, 1192-1199 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

D. Chen, L. Shen, "Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers with double defect," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2700-2705 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. S. Chiang, N. H. Sun, S. C. Lin, W. F. Liu, "Analysis of an ultrashort PCF-based polarization splitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 707-713 (2010).

J. Lightw.Technol. (1)

C. Wu, B. O. Guan, Z. Wang, X. Feng, "Characterization of pressure response of Bragg gratings in grapefruit microstructured fibers," J. Lightw.Technol. 28, 1392-1397 (2010).

J. of Electromagn. Waves and Appl. (1)

D. Chen, G. Hu, M.-L. V. Tse, H. Y. Tam, "Dual-core side-hole fiber for pressure sensing based on intensity detection," J. of Electromagn. Waves and Appl. 25, 775-784 (2011).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A. (1)

W. P. Huang, "Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides: An overview," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A. 11, 963-983 (1994).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Sensing with microstructured optical fibers," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001).

Nature. (1)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature. 424, 847-851 (2003).

Opt. Exp.. (1)

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure," Opt. Exp.. 18, 15113-15121 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (3)

A. Huttunen, P. Törmä, "Optimization of dual-core and microstructure fiber geometries for dispersion compensation and large mode area," Opt. Exp. 13, 627-635 (2005).

S. Yang, Y. Zhang, X. Peng, Y. Lu, S. Xie, J. Li, W. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Peng, H. Li, "Theoretical study and experimental fabrication of high negative dispersion photonic crystal fiber with large area mode field," Opt. Exp. 14, 3015-3023 (2006).

J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 15, 15365-15376 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (3)

R. Kotynski, T. Nasilowski, M. Antkowiak, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Sensitivity of holey fiber based sensors," Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, 2nd Eur. Symp. Photonic Crystals (2003) pp. 340-343.

M. Szpulak, W. Urbanczyk, T. Martynkien, J. Wójcik, W. J. Bock, "Temperature sensitivity of the photonic crystal holey fibers," Proc. 11th Conf. Opt. Fibers Their Applications VIII (2003) pp. 108-114.

R. B. Dyott, Elliptical Fiber Waveguides (Artech House, 1995).

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