I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Statistical physics inspired energy-efficient coded-modulation
for optical communications," Opt. Lett. 37, 1340-1342 (2012).

Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Evaluation of four-dimensional
nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for next-generation long-haul optical transport
networks," Opt. Exp. 20, 9296-9301 (2012).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Heterogeneous transparent optical
networking based on coded OAM modulation," IEEE
Photon. J. 3, 531-537 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Spatial-domain-based multidimensional modulation for multi-Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6845-6857 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional hybrid modulations for ultra-high-speed
optical transport," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1030-1038 (2011).

I. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Four-dimensional optical multiband-OFDM for beyond 1.4 Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 876-882 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6969-6979 (2011).

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, P. Demeester, "Power consumption in telecommunication networks: Overview
and reduction strategies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 62-69 (2011).

S. Aleksi?, "Energy efficiency of electronic
and optical network elements," IEEE J. Sel.
Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 296-308 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based
hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 16708-16714 (2011).

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, "Frequency diversity in mode-division
multiplexing systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3719-3726 (2011).

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive
non-binary-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical
transport networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 1820-1832 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Comput. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Iterative polar quantization based modulation to achieve
channel capacity in ultra-high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 593-599 (2010).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical
fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, T. Schmidt, "Ultra high speed optical transmission
using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation," Opt. Exp. 18, 20546-20551 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/phase/polarization
LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond," Opt. Exp. 18, 14108-14113 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s
per wavelength transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol.
Lett. 21, 1139-1141 (2009).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s
single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with
subwavelength bandwidth access," Opt. Exp. 17, 9421-9427 (2009).

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to
1 Tb/s per channel," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3511-3517 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity
communication in optical transport networks," J.
Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, G. T. Djordjevic, "On the communication over strong
atmospheric turbulence channels by adaptive modulation and coding," Opt. Exp. 17, 18250-18262 (2009).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, L. L. Buhl, "Terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s on 50-GHz
grid using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80 km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed
ROADMs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 85-90 (2008).

J. McDonough, "Moving standards to 100 GbE
and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 6-9 (2007).

S. Melle, J. Jaeger, D. Perkins, V. Vusirikala, "Market drivers and implementation
options for 100-GbE transport over the WAN," IEEE
Commun. Mag. 45, 18-24 (2007).

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, S. Melle, R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. P. Schneider, J. Back, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Hurtt, A. Mathur, M. L. Mitchell, M. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, S. Melle, R. A. Salvatore, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, S. G. Grubb, D. Perkins, M. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, "Large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits: Enabling efficient
scaling of optical transport networks," IEEE
J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 22-31 (2007).

C. Gunn, "CMOS photonics for high-speed
interconnects," IEEE Micro 26, 58-66 (2006).

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s
DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

B. Razavi, "A 60-GHz CMOS receiver front-end," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 17-22 (2006).

C. Doan, S. Emami, A. M. Niknejad, R. W. Brodersen, "Millimeter-wave CMOS design," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 144-155 (2005).

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr., J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, D. F. Welch, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

M. Lipson, "Guiding, modulating and emitting
light on silicon—Challenges and opportunities," J.
Lightw. Technol. 23, 4222-4238 (2005).

J. Chen, A. Dholakia, E. Eleftheriou, M. Fossorier, X.-Y. Hu, "Reduced-complexity decoding of LDPC codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1288-1299 (2005).

M. P. C. Fossorier, "Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check
codes from circulant permutation matrices," IEEE
Trans. Inf. Theory 50, 1788-1793 (2004).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission
using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a
phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

N. J. A. Sloane, R. H. Hardin, T. S. Duff, J. H. Conway, "Minimal-energy clusters of
hard spheres," Discr. Comput. Geom. 14, 237-259 (1995).

M. Cvijetic, G. Lukatela, "Design considerations of dispersion-free
dual-mode optical fibers: 1.55 *μ*m wavelength operation," IEEE J. Quantum
Electron. QE-23, 469-472 (1987).

M. Cvijetic, "Dual-mode optical fibers with
zero intermodal dispersion," Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 307-317 (1984).

J. Sakai, K. Kitayama, M. Ikeda, Y. Kato, K. Tatsuya, "Design considerations of broadband dual-mode optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 26, 658-665 (1978).

D. Marcuse, "Pulse propagation in two-mode
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R. E. Blahut, "Computation of channel capacity
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D. Marcuse, "Pulse propagation in two-mode
waveguide," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1785-1791 (1972).

N. J. A. Sloane, R. H. Hardin, T. S. Duff, J. H. Conway, "Minimal-energy clusters of
hard spheres," Discr. Comput. Geom. 14, 237-259 (1995).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission
using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a
phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s
DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

S. Melle, J. Jaeger, D. Perkins, V. Vusirikala, "Market drivers and implementation
options for 100-GbE transport over the WAN," IEEE
Commun. Mag. 45, 18-24 (2007).

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, S. Melle, R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. P. Schneider, J. Back, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Hurtt, A. Mathur, M. L. Mitchell, M. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, S. Melle, R. A. Salvatore, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, S. G. Grubb, D. Perkins, M. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, "Large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits: Enabling efficient
scaling of optical transport networks," IEEE
J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 22-31 (2007).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Heterogeneous transparent optical
networking based on coded OAM modulation," IEEE
Photon. J. 3, 531-537 (2011).

M. P. C. Fossorier, "Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check
codes from circulant permutation matrices," IEEE
Trans. Inf. Theory 50, 1788-1793 (2004).

J. McDonough, "Moving standards to 100 GbE
and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 6-9 (2007).

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, P. Demeester, "Power consumption in telecommunication networks: Overview
and reduction strategies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 62-69 (2011).

M. Cvijetic, G. Lukatela, "Design considerations of dispersion-free
dual-mode optical fibers: 1.55 *μ*m wavelength operation," IEEE J. Quantum
Electron. QE-23, 469-472 (1987).

S. Aleksi?, "Energy efficiency of electronic
and optical network elements," IEEE J. Sel.
Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 296-308 (2011).

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr., J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, D. F. Welch, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

B. Razavi, "A 60-GHz CMOS receiver front-end," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 17-22 (2006).

C. Doan, S. Emami, A. M. Niknejad, R. W. Brodersen, "Millimeter-wave CMOS design," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 144-155 (2005).

C. Gunn, "CMOS photonics for high-speed
interconnects," IEEE Micro 26, 58-66 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional hybrid modulations for ultra-high-speed
optical transport," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1030-1038 (2011).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Iterative polar quantization based modulation to achieve
channel capacity in ultra-high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 593-599 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s
per wavelength transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol.
Lett. 21, 1139-1141 (2009).

R. E. Blahut, "Computation of channel capacity
and rate distortion functions," IEEE Trans.
Inf. Theory IT-18, 460-473 (1972).

J. Chen, A. Dholakia, E. Eleftheriou, M. Fossorier, X.-Y. Hu, "Reduced-complexity decoding of LDPC codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1288-1299 (2005).

J. Sakai, K. Kitayama, M. Ikeda, Y. Kato, K. Tatsuya, "Design considerations of broadband dual-mode optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 26, 658-665 (1978).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Comput. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity
communication in optical transport networks," J.
Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

M. Lipson, "Guiding, modulating and emitting
light on silicon—Challenges and opportunities," J.
Lightw. Technol. 23, 4222-4238 (2005).

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, "Frequency diversity in mode-division
multiplexing systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3719-3726 (2011).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, L. L. Buhl, "Terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s on 50-GHz
grid using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80 km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed
ROADMs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 85-90 (2008).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical
fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to
1 Tb/s per channel," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3511-3517 (2009).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s
single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with
subwavelength bandwidth access," Opt. Exp. 17, 9421-9427 (2009).

I. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Four-dimensional optical multiband-OFDM for beyond 1.4 Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 876-882 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6969-6979 (2011).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, T. Schmidt, "Ultra high speed optical transmission
using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation," Opt. Exp. 18, 20546-20551 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/phase/polarization
LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond," Opt. Exp. 18, 14108-14113 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based
hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 16708-16714 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Spatial-domain-based multidimensional modulation for multi-Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6845-6857 (2011).

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive
non-binary-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical
transport networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 1820-1832 (2010).

Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Evaluation of four-dimensional
nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for next-generation long-haul optical transport
networks," Opt. Exp. 20, 9296-9301 (2012).

I. B. Djordjevic, G. T. Djordjevic, "On the communication over strong
atmospheric turbulence channels by adaptive modulation and coding," Opt. Exp. 17, 18250-18262 (2009).

M. Cvijetic, "Dual-mode optical fibers with
zero intermodal dispersion," Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 307-317 (1984).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1975).

S. Murshid, A. Chakravarty, "Tapered optical fiber quadruples
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A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s
CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber," Proc.
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L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. W. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, R. Lingle, B. Palsdottir, "Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD,
low mode coupling and low loss," Proc. Opt.
Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Low-loss
mode coupler for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, "Space-division multiplexing
and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

X. Chen, A. Li, J. Ye, A. Al Amin, W. Shieh, "Reception of dual-LP11-mode CO-OFDM signals through few-mode
compatible optical add/drop multiplexer," Proc.
Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Coded multidimensional pulse amplitude modulation for ultra-high-speed
optical transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat.
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S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, "Mode-multiplexed
6×20-GBd
QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

I. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, "Large girth low-density parity-check codes for long-haul
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I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive LDPC-coded multilevel
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M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. Marcoccia, "Non-binary LDPC-coded modulation
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I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Adaptive LDPC-coded OFDM for radio-over-fiber technologies," Proc. 22nd Annu. Meet. IEEE Photon. Soc. (2009) pp. 448-449.

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Adaptive LDPC-coded polarization multiplexed coherent optical
OFDM in optically-routed networks," Proc. Asia
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R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, Pe. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Sasaki, "Space-division multiplexed transmission over 4200 km 3-core
microstructured fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat.
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B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, "19-core fiber transmission of 19×100×172-Gb/s
SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tb/s," Proc.
Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

P. M. Krummrich, "Optical amplifiers for multi
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R. Essiambre, A. Mecozzi, "Capacity limits in single mode
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Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Rate-adaptive four-dimensional
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D. Zou, C. Lin, I. B. Djordjevic, "LDPC-coded mode-multiplexed CO-OFDM over 1000 km of few-mode
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I. B. Djordjevic, T. Liu, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Optimum signal constellation design for high-speed optical
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T. Liu, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Feedback channel capacity inspired optimum signal constellation
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J. Zhang, I. B. Djordjevic, "Three-dimensional spherical
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I. B. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Coded polarization-multiplexed iterative polar modulation
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Z. H. Peric, I. B. Djordjevic, S. M. Bogosavljevic, M. C. Stefanovic, "Design of signal constellations
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Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Rate-adaptive four-dimensional
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J. Zhang, I. B. Djordjevic, "Optimum signal constellation
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X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. Lotz, P. Winzer, H. Haunstein, S. Randel, S. Corteselli, B. Zhu, "Generation and FEC-decoding of a 231.5-Gb/s PDM-OFDM signal
with 256-iterative-polar-modulation achieving 11.15-b/s/Hz intrachannel spectral
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I. B. Djordjevic, "Spatial-domain-based energy-efficient
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I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Energy-efficient coded-modulation for high-speed optical
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W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2009).

Amendment
to IEEE Standard for Information Technology—Telecommunications and Information
Exchange Between Systems—Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Specific
Requirements. Part 3: Carrier Sense Multiple Access With Collision Detection
(CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications. Amendment 4: Media
Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and Management Parameters for
40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Operation IEEE Standard 802.3ba-2010 (2010).

T. J. Xia, G. Welbrock, E. Ip, Y. Kai, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, T. Aono, "Field
experiment with mixed line-rate transmission (112-Gb/s, 450-Gb/s, and 1.15-Tb/s)
over 3 560 km of installed fiber using filterless coherent receiver and EDFAs
only," Proc. Opt. Fiber. Commun./Nat. Fiber.
Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011).