Abstract

We present a detailed study of mode-field adapters (MFA) based on multimode interference in graded index multimode fibers. We have fabricated and characterized MFAs from a selection of commercially available single-mode and graded index fibers. Compared to existing techniques, the presented MFAs can be fabricated very quickly and are not limited to certain fiber types. Insertion losses of < 0.5 dB over a spectral range of several hundred nanometers have been obtained, which is comparable or better than the industry standard.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (2)

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, H. Wei, K. Kieu, N. Peyghambarian, "White light Bessel-like beams generated by miniature all-fiber device," Opt. Exp. 19, 11366-11375 (2011).

A. Mafi, P. Hofmann, C. Jollivet-Salvin, A. Schülzgen, "Low-loss coupling between two single-mode optical fibers with different mode-field diameters using a graded-index multimode optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 3596-3598 (2011).

2010 (2)

A. C.-G. J. E. Antonio-Lopez, D. A. May-Arrioja, R. Selvas-Aguilar, P. LiKamWa, "Tunable multimode-interference bandpass fiber filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 324-326 (2010).

Y. Mao, S. Chang, C. Flueraru, "Fiber lenses for ultra-small probes used in optical coherent tomography," J. Biomed. Sci. Eng. 3, 27-34 (2010).

2008 (2)

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, H. Li, L. Li, L. Han, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Detailed investigation of self-imaging in largecore multimode optical fibers for application in fiber lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 16, 16632-16645 (2008).

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, H. Li, L. Li, Q. Wang, S. Suzuki, V. L. Temyanko, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Single-transverse-mode output from a fiber laser based on multimode interference," Opt. Lett. 33, 908-910 (2008).

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

W. S. Mohammed, A. Mehta, E. G. Johnson, "Wavelength tunable fiber lens based on multimode interference," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 469-477 (2004).

1997 (1)

K. Shiraishi, H. Ohnuki, N. Hiraguri, K. Matsumura, I. Ohishi, H. Kazami, "A lensed-fiber coupling scheme utilizing a graded index fiber and a hemispherically ended coreless fiber tip," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 356-363 (1997).

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

M. Kihara, S. Tomita, M. Matsumoto, "Loss characteristics of thermally diffused expanded core fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1390-1391 (1992).

1989 (1)

M. Artiglia, G. Coppa, P. D. Vita, M. Potenza, A. Sharma, "Mode field diameter measurements in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1139-1152 (1989).

1987 (1)

W. T. Anderson, L. C. V. Shah, A. J. Johnson, J. P. Kilmer, "Mode-field diameter measurements for single-mode fibers with non-gaussian field profiles," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 211-217 (1987).

1986 (2)

A. Ishikura, Y. Kato, M. Miyauchi, "Taper splice method for single-mode fibers," Appl. Opt. 25, 3460-3465 (1986).

K. Shigihara, K. Shiraishi, S. Kawakami, "Modal field transforming fiber between dissimilar waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4293-4296 (1986).

1977 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices," The Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

1965 (1)

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kihara, S. Tomita, M. Matsumoto, "Loss characteristics of thermally diffused expanded core fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1390-1391 (1992).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Shigihara, K. Shiraishi, S. Kawakami, "Modal field transforming fiber between dissimilar waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4293-4296 (1986).

J. Biomed. Sci. Eng. (1)

Y. Mao, S. Chang, C. Flueraru, "Fiber lenses for ultra-small probes used in optical coherent tomography," J. Biomed. Sci. Eng. 3, 27-34 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

W. T. Anderson, L. C. V. Shah, A. J. Johnson, J. P. Kilmer, "Mode-field diameter measurements for single-mode fibers with non-gaussian field profiles," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 211-217 (1987).

M. Artiglia, G. Coppa, P. D. Vita, M. Potenza, A. Sharma, "Mode field diameter measurements in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1139-1152 (1989).

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

W. S. Mohammed, A. Mehta, E. G. Johnson, "Wavelength tunable fiber lens based on multimode interference," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 469-477 (2004).

K. Shiraishi, H. Ohnuki, N. Hiraguri, K. Matsumura, I. Ohishi, H. Kazami, "A lensed-fiber coupling scheme utilizing a graded index fiber and a hemispherically ended coreless fiber tip," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 356-363 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Exp. (2)

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, H. Li, L. Li, L. Han, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Detailed investigation of self-imaging in largecore multimode optical fibers for application in fiber lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 16, 16632-16645 (2008).

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, H. Wei, K. Kieu, N. Peyghambarian, "White light Bessel-like beams generated by miniature all-fiber device," Opt. Exp. 19, 11366-11375 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (5)

The Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Marcuse, "Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices," The Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

Other (2)

A. H. Morshed, "Self-imaging in single mode-multimode-single mode optical fiber sensors," Proc. Saudi Int. Electron., Commun. Photonics Conf. (2011).

M. Faucher, Y. K. Lize, "Mode field adaptation for high power fiber lasers," presented at the Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics San JoseCA (2007).

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