Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a new colorless wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with the Rayleigh backscattering (RB) interferometric beat noise mitigation by using cross-remodulation architecture. The proposed WDM-PON has a simply configuration by combining two WDM-PONs at two wavelength bands to support twice the number of users. We experiment different <i>m</i>-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) (<i>m</i> = 16, 32 and 64) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) downstream signal and the remodulated on-off keying (OOK) upstream signal by using the 2.5 GHz directly modulated laser (DML) and 1.2 GHz reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) respectively. Hence, the total data rate achieved for the downstream signals are 10 Gb/s, 12.5 Gb/s, and 15 Gb/s respectively for different <i>m</i>-QAM. For the upstream signal, we over-drive the RSOA and 2.5 Gb/s OOK upstream traffic can be achieved. In addition, the proposed PON can also be upgraded to support more wavelength bands to meet the increase demand of capacity.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, "Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs," Opt. Exp. 19, 4970-4976 (2011).
  2. C. Arshad, H.-C. Chien, S.-H. Fan, C. Liu, C. Su, G.-K. Chang, "A survivable protection and restoration scheme using wavelength switching of integrated tunable optical transmitter for high throughput WDM-PON system," Proc. OFC (2011).
  3. C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Experimental demonstration of CW light injection effect in upstream traffic TDM-PON," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 178-181 (2010).
  4. H.-H. Lin, C.-Y. Lee, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, G. Keiser, "WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with Rayleigh scattering effects," Proc. OFC (2008).
  5. C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, H.-C. Chien, S. Chi, "A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA," Opt. Exp. 16, 12296-12301 (2008).
  6. P. J. Urban, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Rayleigh backscattering-suppression in a WDM access network employing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Proc. Symp. IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter (2007) pp. 147-150.
  7. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).
  8. Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "A novel PSK Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1118-1120 (2005).
  9. S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength locked Fabry–Perot lasers," Proc. OFC (2005).
  10. Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, G.-K. Chang, "Demonstration of converged bidirectional OFDM-m-QAM RoF and WDM-OFDM-PON access networks," Proc. OFC (2011).
  11. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G.-K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).
  12. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  13. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).
  14. E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Survivable network architectures for WDM PON," Proc. OFC (2005).
  15. ITU-T Rec. G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2004).
  16. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, C.-L. Pan, "13-Gb/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colorless ONU with seeding light source in the local exchange," Electron. Lett. 47, 1235-1236 (2011).
  17. W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1340-1346 (2009).
  18. K. L. Lee, E. Wong, "Directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOAs in WDM-PONs: Performance dependence on seeding power and modulation effects," Proc. ECOC (2006).
  19. Y.-Y. Won, H.-C. Kwon, S.-K. Han, "Reduction of optical beat interference using gain-saturated RSOA in upstream WDM/SCM optical links," Optoelectronics, IET 1, 61-64 (2007).
  20. J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. M. Tang, "Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators," Opt. Exp. 18, 9791-9808 (2010).
  21. Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOAs) as Power Boosters Kamelian Applications Note No. 0001.

2011 (2)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, "Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs," Opt. Exp. 19, 4970-4976 (2011).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, C.-L. Pan, "13-Gb/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colorless ONU with seeding light source in the local exchange," Electron. Lett. 47, 1235-1236 (2011).

2010 (2)

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Experimental demonstration of CW light injection effect in upstream traffic TDM-PON," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 178-181 (2010).

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. M. Tang, "Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators," Opt. Exp. 18, 9791-9808 (2010).

2009 (2)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1340-1346 (2009).

2008 (2)

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G.-K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, H.-C. Chien, S. Chi, "A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA," Opt. Exp. 16, 12296-12301 (2008).

2007 (2)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

Y.-Y. Won, H.-C. Kwon, S.-K. Han, "Reduction of optical beat interference using gain-saturated RSOA in upstream WDM/SCM optical links," Optoelectronics, IET 1, 61-64 (2007).

2005 (2)

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "A novel PSK Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1118-1120 (2005).

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, C.-L. Pan, "13-Gb/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colorless ONU with seeding light source in the local exchange," Electron. Lett. 47, 1235-1236 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G.-K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "A novel PSK Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1118-1120 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1340-1346 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (3)

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, H.-C. Chien, S. Chi, "A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA," Opt. Exp. 16, 12296-12301 (2008).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, "Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs," Opt. Exp. 19, 4970-4976 (2011).

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. M. Tang, "Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators," Opt. Exp. 18, 9791-9808 (2010).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Experimental demonstration of CW light injection effect in upstream traffic TDM-PON," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 178-181 (2010).

Optoelectronics, IET (1)

Y.-Y. Won, H.-C. Kwon, S.-K. Han, "Reduction of optical beat interference using gain-saturated RSOA in upstream WDM/SCM optical links," Optoelectronics, IET 1, 61-64 (2007).

Other (9)

Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOAs) as Power Boosters Kamelian Applications Note No. 0001.

H.-H. Lin, C.-Y. Lee, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, G. Keiser, "WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with Rayleigh scattering effects," Proc. OFC (2008).

C. Arshad, H.-C. Chien, S.-H. Fan, C. Liu, C. Su, G.-K. Chang, "A survivable protection and restoration scheme using wavelength switching of integrated tunable optical transmitter for high throughput WDM-PON system," Proc. OFC (2011).

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength locked Fabry–Perot lasers," Proc. OFC (2005).

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, G.-K. Chang, "Demonstration of converged bidirectional OFDM-m-QAM RoF and WDM-OFDM-PON access networks," Proc. OFC (2011).

P. J. Urban, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Rayleigh backscattering-suppression in a WDM access network employing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Proc. Symp. IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter (2007) pp. 147-150.

K. L. Lee, E. Wong, "Directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOAs in WDM-PONs: Performance dependence on seeding power and modulation effects," Proc. ECOC (2006).

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Survivable network architectures for WDM PON," Proc. OFC (2005).

ITU-T Rec. G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.