Abstract

In this paper, the wavelength interrogation of optical sensors by novel thermo-optic tunable filters with multiple partially reflected slanted mirrors in silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology is presented. The tunable filter is used both for tunable band selection of broadband light source interrogating the optical sensors, as well as for precise detection of interrogation optical wavelength. New interrogator design is numerically studied by 2-D finite-difference time-domain and finite-element method for a compact structure. The investigation demonstrates the performance of an interrogator on SOI, 1 cm long, having about 1 pm wavelength resolution and 1 ms scanning over 40 nm range at 1550 nm, with an operation power of about 16 mW.

© 2012 IEEE

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  35. F. Qing, S. Junfeng, Z. Gang, Y. Mingbin, L. Yuliang, L. Guo-Qiang, K. Dim-Lee, "Monolithic integration of a multiplexer/demultiplexer with a thermo-optic VOA array on an SOI platform," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 319-321 (2009).
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2011 (1)

2010 (4)

A. V. Tsarev, "Compact acousto-optic filter with beam expanders constituted by photonic crystal rows of airholes," Opt. Lett. 35, 4033-4035 (2010).

A. V. Tsarev, "Power beam splitter based on photonic crystal row of holes and Brewster effect in SOI waveguides," Opt. Lett. 35, 968-970 (2010).

X. Yang, A. C. To, R. Tian, "Anomalous heat conduction behavior in thin finite-size silicon nanowires," Nanotechnology 21, 155704 (2010).

S. K. Selvaraja, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Subnanometer linewidth uniformity in silicon nanophotonic waveguide devices using CMOS fabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 316-324 (2010).

2009 (4)

F. Qing, S. Junfeng, Z. Gang, Y. Mingbin, L. Yuliang, L. Guo-Qiang, K. Dim-Lee, "Monolithic integration of a multiplexer/demultiplexer with a thermo-optic VOA array on an SOI platform," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 319-321 (2009).

A. V. Tsarev, "New wide strip and grating loaded quasi-single-mode waveguide on SOI," Opt. Exp. 17, 13095-13101 (2009).

A. V. Tsarev, "Optical properties of wide strip and grating loaded single mode channel waveguides," Quantum Electron. 39, 1169-1174 (2009).

H. Guo, G. Xiao, N. Mrad, J. Yao, "Simultaneous interrogation of a hybrid FBG/LPG sensor pair using a monolithically integrated echelle diffractive grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2100-2104 (2009).

2008 (5)

A. V. Tsarev, F. De Leonardis, V. M. N. Passaro, "Thin heterogeneous SOI waveguides for thermo-optical tuning and filtering," Opt. Exp. 16, 3101-3113 (2008).

F. De Leonardis, A. V. Tsarev, V. M. N. Passaro, "Optical properties of new wide heterogeneous waveguides with thermo-optical shifters," Opt. Exp. 16, 21333-21338 (2008).

A. V. Tsarev, "Thin heterogeneous optical silicon-on-insulator waveguides and their application in reconfigurable optical multiplexers," Quantum Electron. 38, 445-451 (2008).

M. J. Kim, Y. H. Kim, G. Mudhana, B. H. Lee, "Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on double cladding fiber interferometer assisted by fiber grating pair," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1290-1292 (2008).

H. Y. Fu, H. L. Liu, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, "A novel fiber Bragg grating sensor configuration for long-distance quasi-distributed measurement," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1598-1602 (2008).

2007 (5)

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "A polarization-diversity wavelength duplexer circuit in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Exp. 15, 1567-1578 (2007).

A. V. Tsarev, "Finite-difference time-domain simulation of compact acousto-optic filters based on multireflection beam expanding," Quantum Electron. 37, 393-398 (2007).

G. Li, T. Guo, H. Zhang, H. Gao, J. Zhang, B. Liu, Sh. Yuan, G. Kai, X. Dong, "Fiber grating sensing interrogation based on an InGaAs photodiode linear array," Appl. Opt. 46, 283-286 (2007).

V. M. N. Passaro, F. Dell'Olio, B. Casamassima, F. De Leonardis, "Guided-wave optical biosensors," Sensors 7, 508-536 (2007).

K. De Vos, I. Bartolozzi, E. Schacht, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, "Silicon-on-insulator microring resonator for sensitive and label-free biosensing," Opt. Exp. 15, 7610-7615 (2007).

2006 (1)

P. Pottier, S. Mastroiacovo, R. M. De La Rue, "Power and polarization beam-splitters, mirrors, and integrated interferometers based on air-hole photonic crystals and lateral large index-contrast waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 5617-5633 (2006).

2005 (4)

W. Liu, M. Asheghi, "Thermal conduction in ultrathin pure and doped single-crystal silicon layers at high temperatures," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123523-1-123523-6 (2005).

V. M. N. Passaro, F. Magno, A. V. Tsarev, "Investigation of thermo-optic effect and multi-reflector tunable filter/multiplexer in SOI waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 3429-3437 (2005).

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J.-I. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

Y. Sano, T. Yoshino, "Fast optical wavelength interrogator employing arrayed waveguide grating for distributed fiber Bragg grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 132-139 (2003).

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. Borel, L. Frandsen, R. De La Rue, R. Baets, "A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249-1251 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Asheghi, K. Kurabayashi, R. Kasnavi, K. E. Goodson, "Thermal conduction in doped single-crystal silicon films," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 5079-5088 (2002).

1997 (2)

P. D. Trinh, S. Yegnanarayanan, F. Coppinger, B. Jalali, "Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) phased-array wavelength multi/demultiplexer with extremely low-polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 940-942 (1997).

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).

1996 (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

A. G. Simpson, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, L. Everall, I. Bennion, "Optical sensor interrogation with a blazed fiber Bragg grating and a charge-coupled device linear array," Appl. Opt. 43, 33-40 (2004).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S. K. Selvaraja, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Subnanometer linewidth uniformity in silicon nanophotonic waveguide devices using CMOS fabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 316-324 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Qing, S. Junfeng, Z. Gang, Y. Mingbin, L. Yuliang, L. Guo-Qiang, K. Dim-Lee, "Monolithic integration of a multiplexer/demultiplexer with a thermo-optic VOA array on an SOI platform," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 319-321 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J.-I. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. J. Kim, Y. H. Kim, G. Mudhana, B. H. Lee, "Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on double cladding fiber interferometer assisted by fiber grating pair," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1290-1292 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. D. Trinh, S. Yegnanarayanan, F. Coppinger, B. Jalali, "Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) phased-array wavelength multi/demultiplexer with extremely low-polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 940-942 (1997).

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. Borel, L. Frandsen, R. De La Rue, R. Baets, "A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249-1251 (2003).

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

H. Y. Fu, H. L. Liu, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, "A novel fiber Bragg grating sensor configuration for long-distance quasi-distributed measurement," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1598-1602 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

W. Liu, M. Asheghi, "Thermal conduction in ultrathin pure and doped single-crystal silicon layers at high temperatures," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123523-1-123523-6 (2005).

M. Asheghi, K. Kurabayashi, R. Kasnavi, K. E. Goodson, "Thermal conduction in doped single-crystal silicon films," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 5079-5088 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

H. Guo, G. Xiao, N. Mrad, J. Yao, "Simultaneous interrogation of a hybrid FBG/LPG sensor pair using a monolithically integrated echelle diffractive grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2100-2104 (2009).

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).

Y. Sano, T. Yoshino, "Fast optical wavelength interrogator employing arrayed waveguide grating for distributed fiber Bragg grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 132-139 (2003).

Nanotechnology (1)

X. Yang, A. C. To, R. Tian, "Anomalous heat conduction behavior in thin finite-size silicon nanowires," Nanotechnology 21, 155704 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (5)

P. Pottier, S. Mastroiacovo, R. M. De La Rue, "Power and polarization beam-splitters, mirrors, and integrated interferometers based on air-hole photonic crystals and lateral large index-contrast waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 5617-5633 (2006).

A. V. Tsarev, "New wide strip and grating loaded quasi-single-mode waveguide on SOI," Opt. Exp. 17, 13095-13101 (2009).

K. De Vos, I. Bartolozzi, E. Schacht, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, "Silicon-on-insulator microring resonator for sensitive and label-free biosensing," Opt. Exp. 15, 7610-7615 (2007).

A. V. Tsarev, F. De Leonardis, V. M. N. Passaro, "Thin heterogeneous SOI waveguides for thermo-optical tuning and filtering," Opt. Exp. 16, 3101-3113 (2008).

F. De Leonardis, A. V. Tsarev, V. M. N. Passaro, "Optical properties of new wide heterogeneous waveguides with thermo-optical shifters," Opt. Exp. 16, 21333-21338 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (2)

V. M. N. Passaro, F. Magno, A. V. Tsarev, "Investigation of thermo-optic effect and multi-reflector tunable filter/multiplexer in SOI waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 3429-3437 (2005).

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "A polarization-diversity wavelength duplexer circuit in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Exp. 15, 1567-1578 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Quantum Electron. (3)

A. V. Tsarev, "Finite-difference time-domain simulation of compact acousto-optic filters based on multireflection beam expanding," Quantum Electron. 37, 393-398 (2007).

A. V. Tsarev, "Thin heterogeneous optical silicon-on-insulator waveguides and their application in reconfigurable optical multiplexers," Quantum Electron. 38, 445-451 (2008).

A. V. Tsarev, "Optical properties of wide strip and grating loaded single mode channel waveguides," Quantum Electron. 39, 1169-1174 (2009).

Sensors (1)

V. M. N. Passaro, F. Dell'Olio, B. Casamassima, F. De Leonardis, "Guided-wave optical biosensors," Sensors 7, 508-536 (2007).

Other (3)

Rsoft Photonic CAD Suite, ver. 8.0, single license (2007) www.rsoftdesign.com.

Comsol Multiphysics by COMSOL, ver. 3.2, single license © (2005).

A. V. Tsarev, V. M. N. Passaro, F. Magno, Silicon Photonics (Res. Signpost publisher, 2006) pp. 47-77.

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