Abstract

This paper presents a novel technique that allows easy and accurate estimation of the system bit error rate (BER) by collecting the statistical distribution of the receiver analog samples, i.e., before decision. It could be used to implement effective optical performance monitoring in real systems, with limited hardware complexity. The scheme performance is confirmed by both numerical simulations and experimental measurements. In all cases, the estimated BER is found to be very close to the real value, thus providing accurate and robust estimations. It is experimentally verified that in presence of strong intersymbol interference (ISI), or in the highly nonlinear regime, our technique works much better than the well known <i>Q</i>-factor approach.

© 2012 IEEE

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  2. B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).
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  22. D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expression for the bit error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).
  23. P. A. Humblet, M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1576-1582 (1991).
  24. C. J. Anderson, L. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference," Electron. Lett. 30, 71-72 (1994).
  25. Q-factor test equipment to estimate the transmission performance of optical channelsITU-T Rec. O.201 GenevaSwitzerland (2003).

2010 (1)

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, L. Zhaohui, L. Chao, P. K. A. Wai, "OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 823-825 (2010).

2008 (1)

2004 (4)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, "Simple measurement of eye diagram and BER using high-speed asynchronous sampling," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1296-1302 (2004).

G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, J. A. Walker, S. Chaudhuri, L. Lin, E. Goldstein, K. Bala, "Network control and management challenges in opaque networks utilizing transparent optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S16-S24 (2004).

C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

R. Luis, P. Andre, A. Teixeira, P. Monteiro, "Performance monitoring in optical networks using asynchronously acquired samples with nonideal sampling systems and intersymbol interference," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2452-2459 (2004).

2003 (1)

D. C. Kilper, W. Weingartner, "Monitoring optical network performance degradation due to amplifier noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1171-1178 (2003).

2002 (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, "Averaged Q-factor method using amplitude histogram evaluation for transparent monitoring of optical signal-to-noise ratio degradation in optical transmission system," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1367-1373 (2002).

2000 (1)

1999 (3)

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, K. Studer, W. Leeb, "Bit error probability estimation algorithm for signal supervision in all-optical networks," Electron. Lett. 35, 1754-1755 (1999).

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Caspar, B. Strebel, "Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels," Electron. Lett. 35, 403-404 (1999).

1998 (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, Y. Yamabayashi, "Optical signal quality monitoring method based on optical sampling," Electron. Lett. 34, 2152-2154 (1998).

1996 (1)

P. E. Green Jr., "Optical networking update," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 764-779 (1996).

1994 (1)

C. J. Anderson, L. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference," Electron. Lett. 30, 71-72 (1994).

1993 (2)

N. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier systems," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).

G. R. Hill, "A transport layer based on optical network elements," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 667-679 (1993).

1991 (1)

P. A. Humblet, M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1576-1582 (1991).

1990 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expression for the bit error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (3)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, Y. Yamabayashi, "Optical signal quality monitoring method based on optical sampling," Electron. Lett. 34, 2152-2154 (1998).

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, K. Studer, W. Leeb, "Bit error probability estimation algorithm for signal supervision in all-optical networks," Electron. Lett. 35, 1754-1755 (1999).

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Caspar, B. Strebel, "Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels," Electron. Lett. 35, 403-404 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. J. Anderson, L. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference," Electron. Lett. 30, 71-72 (1994).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, J. A. Walker, S. Chaudhuri, L. Lin, E. Goldstein, K. Bala, "Network control and management challenges in opaque networks utilizing transparent optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S16-S24 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, L. Zhaohui, L. Chao, P. K. A. Wai, "OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 823-825 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

P. E. Green Jr., "Optical networking update," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 764-779 (1996).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier systems," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, "Simple measurement of eye diagram and BER using high-speed asynchronous sampling," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1296-1302 (2004).

D. C. Kilper, W. Weingartner, "Monitoring optical network performance degradation due to amplifier noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1171-1178 (2003).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

I. Shake, H. Takara, "Averaged Q-factor method using amplitude histogram evaluation for transparent monitoring of optical signal-to-noise ratio degradation in optical transmission system," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1367-1373 (2002).

P. A. Humblet, M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1576-1582 (1991).

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expression for the bit error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).

R. Luis, P. Andre, A. Teixeira, P. Monteiro, "Performance monitoring in optical networks using asynchronously acquired samples with nonideal sampling systems and intersymbol interference," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2452-2459 (2004).

G. R. Hill, "A transport layer based on optical network elements," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 667-679 (1993).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Other (6)

Q-factor test equipment to estimate the transmission performance of optical channelsITU-T Rec. O.201 GenevaSwitzerland (2003).

J. D. Downie, D. J. Tebben, "Performance monitoring of optical networks with synchronous and asynchronous sampling," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC2001) (2001) pp. WDD50-1-WDD50-3.

K. Otsuka, T. Maki, Y. Sampei, Y. Tachikawa, N. Fukushima, T. Chikama, "A high-performance optical spectrum monitor with highspeed measuring time for WDM optical network," Proc. 23rd Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC'97) (1997) pp. 147-150.

S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, T. C. Chung, "A novel frequency and power monitoring method for WDM network," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC'98) (1998) pp. 168-170.

G. Bendelli, C. Cavazzoni, R. Girardi, R. Lano, "Optical performance monitoring techniques," Proc. 26th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2000 (2000) pp. 113-116.

R. Wiesmann, O. Bleck, H. Heppner, "Cost effective performance monitoring in WDM systems," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC2000) (2000) pp. 171-173.

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