We intent to investigate the dynamics and steering characteristics of an optical pulse propagation through photonic crystal fiber coupler (PCFC) using the projection operator method (POM) at 850 nm. For the proposed study, we begin with the analysis of silica PCFC design. From the proposed design, we examine the propagation of Gaussian pulse through PCFC, by means of coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations. By employing POM, we derive the equations of motion describing the dynamics of the pulse parameters, called collective variables (CVs), namely the amplitude, pulse width, phase and chirp. The corresponding results obtained through POM are compared and verified numerically by split step Fourier method (SSFM). Furthermore, we propose a novel chloroform filled PCF structure that operates as a single mode at 850 nm, featuring an enhanced dispersion and nonlinearity for efficient switching, thus enabling to accomplish switching at a low input pulse power and low loss over shorter distances. Efficient optical pulse switching through both the designs are demonstrated through the simulation of the transmission curve. From the transmission curve, we infer that efficient switching can be achieved at relatively low input power in the proposed chloroform filled PCF.
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