Abstract

Energy consumption in a network is becoming the physical limit against the everlasting increase of network traffic in the near future. Current network equipment consumes energy inefficiently due to poor energy-load proportionality of network equipment which causes a vast amount of energy consumption even in an idle state. We investigate and model the energy consumption of packet optical transport networks. Employing integer linear programming, we model and optimize the energy consumption of IP/WDM (IP/WDM) networks with traffic-grooming cross layer designs. Our study shows that energy savings in IP/WDM networks with traffic grooming is not effective unless IP layer equipment is energy proportional. In addition, different network planning schemes are required with respect to energy proportionality of network equipment.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. CISCO Visual Networking Index—Forecast and Methodology 2010-2015 (2011) http://www.cisco.com.
  2. W. Vereecken, L. Deboosere, D. Colle, B. Vemeulen, M. Pickavet, B. Dhoedt, P. Demeester, "Energy efficiency in telecommunication networks," Proc. NOC 2008 (2008) pp. 44-51.
  3. R. S. Tucker, "Optical packet-switched WDM networks: A cost and energy perspective," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2008 (2008).
  4. J. Chabarek, J. Sommers, P. Barford, C. Estan, D. Tsing, S. Wright, "Power awareness in network design and routing," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM 2008 (2008) pp. 457-465.
  5. W. V. Heddeghem, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Reduction of the energy footprint in optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching 2010, Energy Efficient Networking and Systems Workshop (2010).
  6. M. Jinno, "Energy and spectrally efficient elastic optical path network: Introducing elasticity and adaptation into optical domain," Proc. Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching, Energy Efficient Networking and Systems Workshop (2010).
  7. E. Modiano, P. J. Lin, "Traffic grooming in WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 124-129 (2001).
  8. J.-K. K. Rhee, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Choi, J. H. Kim, Y. H. Won, J. S. Choi, "Power and cost reduction by hybrid optical packet switching with shared memory buffering," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 102-110 (2011).
  9. D. Kharatonov, "Time-domain approach to energy efficiency: High-performance network elements in design," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops 2009 (2009) pp. 1-5.
  10. P. Mahadevan, P. Sharma, S. Banerjee, "A power benchmarking framework for network devices," Proc. IFIP Networking 2009 (2009) pp. 795-808.
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  15. R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "Traffic grooming in WDM networks: Past and future," IEEE Network 16, 46-56 (2002).
  16. S. Huang, R. Dutta, "Dynamic traffic grooming: The changing role of traffic grooming," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 8, 32-50 (2007).
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  18. E. Yetginer, G. N. Rouskas, "Power efficient traffic grooming in optical WDM networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM 2009 (2009) pp. `-6.
  19. G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP/WDM networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 176-186 (2009).
  20. W. V. Heddeghem, M. D. Groote, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pikavet, P. Demeester, "Energy-efficiency in telecommunications networks: Link-by-link versus end-to-end grooming," Proc. ONDM 2010 (2010) pp. 1-6.
  21. M. Xia, M. Tornatore, Y. Zhang, P. Chowdhury, C. U. Martel, B. Mukherjee, "Green provisioning for optical WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 437-445 (2011).
  22. S. Zhang, D. Shen, C. K. Chan, "Energy efficient time-aware traffic grooming in wavelength routing networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM 2010 (2010) pp. 1-5.
  23. I. Cerutti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "Power saving architectures for unidirectional WDM rings," Proc. OFC 2009 (2009).
  24. R. S. Tucker, R. Pathiban, J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. W. A. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, "Evolution of WDM optical IP networks: A cost and energy perspective," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 243-252 (2009).
  25. A. Pattavina, "Architecture and performance of optical packet switching nodes for IP networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1023-1032 (2005).
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  27. M. S. Bazaraa, J. J. Jarvis, H. D. Sherali, Linear Programming and Network Flows (Wiley, 2010).
  28. E. Yetginer, Z. Lieu, G. N. Rouskas, "RWA in WDM rings: An efficient formulation based on maximal independent set decomposition," Proc. IEEE LANMAN 2010 (2010) pp. 1-7.
  29. D. A. Dunn, W. D. Grover, M. H. MagGragor, "Comparison of k-shortest paths and maximum flow routing for network facility restoration," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 88-99 (1994).
  30. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).
  31. N. Nag, M. Tornatore, "Transparent optical network design with mixed line rates," Proc. ANTS 2008 (2008) pp. 1-3.

2011 (2)

J.-K. K. Rhee, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Choi, J. H. Kim, Y. H. Won, J. S. Choi, "Power and cost reduction by hybrid optical packet switching with shared memory buffering," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 102-110 (2011).

M. Xia, M. Tornatore, Y. Zhang, P. Chowdhury, C. U. Martel, B. Mukherjee, "Green provisioning for optical WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 437-445 (2011).

2009 (2)

R. S. Tucker, R. Pathiban, J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. W. A. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, "Evolution of WDM optical IP networks: A cost and energy perspective," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 243-252 (2009).

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP/WDM networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 176-186 (2009).

2007 (1)

S. Huang, R. Dutta, "Dynamic traffic grooming: The changing role of traffic grooming," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 8, 32-50 (2007).

2005 (1)

A. Pattavina, "Architecture and performance of optical packet switching nodes for IP networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1023-1032 (2005).

2002 (3)

J. Wang, K. Nahstedt, "Hop-by-hop routing algorithms for premium traffic," ACM SIGCOM Computer Commun. Rev. 43, 73-88 (2002).

K. Zhu, B. Mukherjee, "Traffic grooming in an optical WDM mesh network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).

R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "Traffic grooming in WDM networks: Past and future," IEEE Network 16, 46-56 (2002).

2001 (1)

E. Modiano, P. J. Lin, "Traffic grooming in WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 124-129 (2001).

1996 (1)

R. Ramaswami, "Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).

1995 (1)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).

1994 (1)

D. A. Dunn, W. D. Grover, M. H. MagGragor, "Comparison of k-shortest paths and maximum flow routing for network facility restoration," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 88-99 (1994).

1991 (1)

P. Labourdette, A. S. Acampora, "Logically rearrangeable multihop lightwave networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 39, 1223-1230 (1991).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. S. Tucker, R. Pathiban, J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. W. A. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, "Evolution of WDM optical IP networks: A cost and energy perspective," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 243-252 (2009).

ACM SIGCOM Computer Commun. Rev. (1)

J. Wang, K. Nahstedt, "Hop-by-hop routing algorithms for premium traffic," ACM SIGCOM Computer Commun. Rev. 43, 73-88 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

R. Ramaswami, "Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

E. Modiano, P. J. Lin, "Traffic grooming in WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 124-129 (2001).

J.-K. K. Rhee, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Choi, J. H. Kim, Y. H. Won, J. S. Choi, "Power and cost reduction by hybrid optical packet switching with shared memory buffering," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 102-110 (2011).

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials (1)

S. Huang, R. Dutta, "Dynamic traffic grooming: The changing role of traffic grooming," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 8, 32-50 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

K. Zhu, B. Mukherjee, "Traffic grooming in an optical WDM mesh network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).

D. A. Dunn, W. D. Grover, M. H. MagGragor, "Comparison of k-shortest paths and maximum flow routing for network facility restoration," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 88-99 (1994).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Xia, M. Tornatore, Y. Zhang, P. Chowdhury, C. U. Martel, B. Mukherjee, "Green provisioning for optical WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 437-445 (2011).

IEEE Network (1)

R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "Traffic grooming in WDM networks: Past and future," IEEE Network 16, 46-56 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

P. Labourdette, A. S. Acampora, "Logically rearrangeable multihop lightwave networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 39, 1223-1230 (1991).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP/WDM networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 176-186 (2009).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Pattavina, "Architecture and performance of optical packet switching nodes for IP networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1023-1032 (2005).

Other (17)

S. Zhang, D. Shen, C. K. Chan, "Energy efficient time-aware traffic grooming in wavelength routing networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM 2010 (2010) pp. 1-5.

I. Cerutti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "Power saving architectures for unidirectional WDM rings," Proc. OFC 2009 (2009).

N. Nag, M. Tornatore, "Transparent optical network design with mixed line rates," Proc. ANTS 2008 (2008) pp. 1-3.

M. S. Bazaraa, J. J. Jarvis, H. D. Sherali, Linear Programming and Network Flows (Wiley, 2010).

E. Yetginer, Z. Lieu, G. N. Rouskas, "RWA in WDM rings: An efficient formulation based on maximal independent set decomposition," Proc. IEEE LANMAN 2010 (2010) pp. 1-7.

W. V. Heddeghem, M. D. Groote, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pikavet, P. Demeester, "Energy-efficiency in telecommunications networks: Link-by-link versus end-to-end grooming," Proc. ONDM 2010 (2010) pp. 1-6.

S. Huang, R. Dutta, "Traffic grooming: A changing role in green optical networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM 2009 (2009) pp. 1-6.

E. Yetginer, G. N. Rouskas, "Power efficient traffic grooming in optical WDM networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM 2009 (2009) pp. `-6.

R. M. Krishnaswamy, K. N. Sivarajan, "Design of logical topologies: A linear formulation for wavelength routed optical networks with no wavelength changers," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM 1998 (1998) pp. 919-927.

D. Kharatonov, "Time-domain approach to energy efficiency: High-performance network elements in design," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops 2009 (2009) pp. 1-5.

P. Mahadevan, P. Sharma, S. Banerjee, "A power benchmarking framework for network devices," Proc. IFIP Networking 2009 (2009) pp. 795-808.

CISCO Visual Networking Index—Forecast and Methodology 2010-2015 (2011) http://www.cisco.com.

W. Vereecken, L. Deboosere, D. Colle, B. Vemeulen, M. Pickavet, B. Dhoedt, P. Demeester, "Energy efficiency in telecommunication networks," Proc. NOC 2008 (2008) pp. 44-51.

R. S. Tucker, "Optical packet-switched WDM networks: A cost and energy perspective," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2008 (2008).

J. Chabarek, J. Sommers, P. Barford, C. Estan, D. Tsing, S. Wright, "Power awareness in network design and routing," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM 2008 (2008) pp. 457-465.

W. V. Heddeghem, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Reduction of the energy footprint in optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching 2010, Energy Efficient Networking and Systems Workshop (2010).

M. Jinno, "Energy and spectrally efficient elastic optical path network: Introducing elasticity and adaptation into optical domain," Proc. Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching, Energy Efficient Networking and Systems Workshop (2010).

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