Abstract

We present detailed design of a highly nonlinear chalcogenide core tellurite cladding composite microstructured fiber and dispersion tailoring in it. The fabrication procedure for the microstructured fiber is explained. Its applications to nonlinear phenomena are described with the experimental demonstration of the supercontinuum generation and the simulation of the parametric gain. It is observed that a supercontinuum spectrum of 20 dB bandwidth covering 0.80–2.40 µm is generated by this composite microstructure fiber when 1.85 µm pump is used. The simulation results show that the bandwidth over which the calculated parametric gain is more than 10 dB is 1680 nm, ranging from 1.04 to 2.72 µm.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
  2. M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 12174-12182 (2009).
  3. P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of midIR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Exp. 16, 7161-7168 (2008).
  4. T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, "Dispersion properties of Bi2O3-based high nonlinear optical fiber," J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn. 114, 224-226 (2006).
  5. L. B. Fu, M. Rochette, V. G. Ta'eed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Investigation of self phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7637-7644 (2005).
  6. G. Brambilla, F. Xu, P. Horak, Y. Jung, F. Koizumi, N. P. Sessions, E. Koukharenko, X. Feng, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, D. J. Richardson, "Optical fiber nanowires and microwires: Fabrication and applications," Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 107-161 (2009).
  7. G. Brambilla, F. Xu, X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterization," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
  8. L. Xiao, M. D. W. Grogan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Williams, R. England, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, "Tapered fibers embedded in silica aerogel," Opt. Lett. 34, 2724-2726 (2009).
  9. M. El-Amraoui, J. Fatome, J. C. Jules, B. Kibler, G. Gadret, C. Fortier, F. Smektala, I. Skripatchev, C. F. Polacchini, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, M. Szpulak, G. Renversez, "Strong infrared spectral broadening in low-loss As-S chalcogenide suspended core microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 4549-4556 (2010).
  10. C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Design of zero chromatic dispersion chalcogenide As2S3 glass nanofibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2095-2099 (2009).
  11. C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Chalcogenide core photonic crystal fibers for zero chromatic dispersion in the C-band," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun Conf. (2009).
  12. C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Highly nonlinear chalcogenide core nanofiber and photonic crystal fiber showing zero dispersion at 1.55 µm," Proc. SPIE Eur. Opt. Optoelectron. (2009) pp. 735703-10.
  13. M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, T. Misumi, "Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21608-21614 (2009).
  14. C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Effect of cladding layer thickness on dispersion and nonlinearity of the chalcogenide core—Tellurite cladding composite nanofiber," Proc. 22nd Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. Conf. (2009) pp. 725-726.
  15. W. S. Rodney, I. H. Malitson, T. A. King, "Refractive index of arsenic trisulfide," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 48, 633-636 (1958).
  16. C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Chromatic dispersions in highly nonlinear glass nanofibers," Proc. SPIE (2008) pp. 70561K-1-70561K-8.
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).
  18. T. N. Nguyen, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, P. Houizot, L. Brilland, F. Smektala, J. Troles, M. Thual, "Nonlinear characterisation of an AsSe chalcogenide holey fiber," Proc. Opto-Electron. Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 13-17.

2010

M. El-Amraoui, J. Fatome, J. C. Jules, B. Kibler, G. Gadret, C. Fortier, F. Smektala, I. Skripatchev, C. F. Polacchini, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, M. Szpulak, G. Renversez, "Strong infrared spectral broadening in low-loss As-S chalcogenide suspended core microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 4549-4556 (2010).

2009

C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Design of zero chromatic dispersion chalcogenide As2S3 glass nanofibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2095-2099 (2009).

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, T. Misumi, "Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21608-21614 (2009).

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 12174-12182 (2009).

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, P. Horak, Y. Jung, F. Koizumi, N. P. Sessions, E. Koukharenko, X. Feng, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, D. J. Richardson, "Optical fiber nanowires and microwires: Fabrication and applications," Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 107-161 (2009).

L. Xiao, M. D. W. Grogan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Williams, R. England, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, "Tapered fibers embedded in silica aerogel," Opt. Lett. 34, 2724-2726 (2009).

2008

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of midIR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Exp. 16, 7161-7168 (2008).

2006

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, "Dispersion properties of Bi2O3-based high nonlinear optical fiber," J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn. 114, 224-226 (2006).

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterization," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).

2005

L. B. Fu, M. Rochette, V. G. Ta'eed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Investigation of self phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7637-7644 (2005).

2003

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).

1958

W. S. Rodney, I. H. Malitson, T. A. King, "Refractive index of arsenic trisulfide," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 48, 633-636 (1958).

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Electron. Lett.

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterization," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).

J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, "Dispersion properties of Bi2O3-based high nonlinear optical fiber," J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn. 114, 224-226 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol.

C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Design of zero chromatic dispersion chalcogenide As2S3 glass nanofibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2095-2099 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

W. S. Rodney, I. H. Malitson, T. A. King, "Refractive index of arsenic trisulfide," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 48, 633-636 (1958).

Opt. Exp.

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, T. Misumi, "Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21608-21614 (2009).

L. B. Fu, M. Rochette, V. G. Ta'eed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Investigation of self phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7637-7644 (2005).

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 12174-12182 (2009).

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of midIR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Exp. 16, 7161-7168 (2008).

M. El-Amraoui, J. Fatome, J. C. Jules, B. Kibler, G. Gadret, C. Fortier, F. Smektala, I. Skripatchev, C. F. Polacchini, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, M. Szpulak, G. Renversez, "Strong infrared spectral broadening in low-loss As-S chalcogenide suspended core microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 4549-4556 (2010).

Opt. Lett.

Other

C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Effect of cladding layer thickness on dispersion and nonlinearity of the chalcogenide core—Tellurite cladding composite nanofiber," Proc. 22nd Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. Conf. (2009) pp. 725-726.

C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Chalcogenide core photonic crystal fibers for zero chromatic dispersion in the C-band," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun Conf. (2009).

C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Highly nonlinear chalcogenide core nanofiber and photonic crystal fiber showing zero dispersion at 1.55 µm," Proc. SPIE Eur. Opt. Optoelectron. (2009) pp. 735703-10.

C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, "Chromatic dispersions in highly nonlinear glass nanofibers," Proc. SPIE (2008) pp. 70561K-1-70561K-8.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).

T. N. Nguyen, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, P. Houizot, L. Brilland, F. Smektala, J. Troles, M. Thual, "Nonlinear characterisation of an AsSe chalcogenide holey fiber," Proc. Opto-Electron. Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 13-17.

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