Abstract

A pragmatic coded modulation system is presented that incorporates signal shaping and exploits the excellent performance and efficient high-speed decoding architecture of staircase codes. Reliable communication within 0.62 bits/s/Hz of the estimated capacity (per polarization) of a system with <i>L</i>=2000 km is provided by the proposed system, with an error floor below 10<sup>-20</sup>. Also, it is shown that digital backpropagation increases the achievable spectral efficiencies—relative to linear equalization—by 0.55 to 0.75 bits/s/Hz per polarization.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).
  2. M. Magarini, "Concatenated coded modulation for optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1244-1246 (2010).
  3. M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Non-binary quasi-cyclic LDPC based coded modulation for beyond 100 Gb/s transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 434-436 (2010).
  4. I. B. Djordjevic, M. Cvijetic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Using LDPC-coded modulation and coherent detection for ultra high-speed optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3619-3625 (2007).
  5. B. P. Smith, F. R. Kschischang, "Future prospects for FEC in fiber-optic communications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1245-1257 (2010).
  6. S. Benedetto, G. Olmo, P. Poggiolini, "Trellis coded polarization shift keying modulation for digital optical communications," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 1591-1602 (1995).
  7. L. Beygi, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, "A novel multilevel coded modulation scheme for fiber optical channel with nonlinear phase noise," Proc. Global Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-6.
  8. A. P. T. Lau, J. M. Kahn, "Signal design and detection in presence of nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3008-3016 (2007).
  9. B. P. Smith, A. Farhood, A. Hunt, F. R. Kschischang, J. Lodge, "Staircase codes: FEC for 100 Gb/s OTN," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 110-117 (2012).
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology (Wiley-Interscience, 2005).
  11. E. M. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416-3425 (2008).
  12. E. M. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Fiber impairment compensation using coherent detection and digital signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 502-519 (2010).
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier Science & Technology, 2006).
  14. O. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlöhner, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 61-68 (2003).
  15. G. Ungerboeck, "Channel coding with multilevel/phase signals," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-28, 55-67 (1982).
  16. U. Wachsmann, R. F. H. Fischer, J. B. Huber, "Multilevel codes: Theoretical concepts and practical design rules," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45, 1361-1391 (1999).
  17. G. Caire, G. Taricco, E. Biglieri, "Bit-interleaved coded modulation," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 44, 927-946 (1998).
  18. G. D. Forney, Jr."Trellis shaping," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 281-300 (1992).

2012

B. P. Smith, A. Farhood, A. Hunt, F. R. Kschischang, J. Lodge, "Staircase codes: FEC for 100 Gb/s OTN," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 110-117 (2012).

2010

B. P. Smith, F. R. Kschischang, "Future prospects for FEC in fiber-optic communications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1245-1257 (2010).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

M. Magarini, "Concatenated coded modulation for optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1244-1246 (2010).

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Non-binary quasi-cyclic LDPC based coded modulation for beyond 100 Gb/s transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 434-436 (2010).

E. M. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Fiber impairment compensation using coherent detection and digital signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 502-519 (2010).

2008

E. M. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416-3425 (2008).

2007

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Cvijetic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Using LDPC-coded modulation and coherent detection for ultra high-speed optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3619-3625 (2007).

A. P. T. Lau, J. M. Kahn, "Signal design and detection in presence of nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3008-3016 (2007).

2003

O. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlöhner, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 61-68 (2003).

1999

U. Wachsmann, R. F. H. Fischer, J. B. Huber, "Multilevel codes: Theoretical concepts and practical design rules," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45, 1361-1391 (1999).

1998

G. Caire, G. Taricco, E. Biglieri, "Bit-interleaved coded modulation," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 44, 927-946 (1998).

1995

S. Benedetto, G. Olmo, P. Poggiolini, "Trellis coded polarization shift keying modulation for digital optical communications," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 1591-1602 (1995).

1992

G. D. Forney, Jr."Trellis shaping," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 281-300 (1992).

1982

G. Ungerboeck, "Channel coding with multilevel/phase signals," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-28, 55-67 (1982).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

B. P. Smith, F. R. Kschischang, "Future prospects for FEC in fiber-optic communications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1245-1257 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Magarini, "Concatenated coded modulation for optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1244-1246 (2010).

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Non-binary quasi-cyclic LDPC based coded modulation for beyond 100 Gb/s transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 434-436 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

S. Benedetto, G. Olmo, P. Poggiolini, "Trellis coded polarization shift keying modulation for digital optical communications," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 1591-1602 (1995).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory

G. Ungerboeck, "Channel coding with multilevel/phase signals," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-28, 55-67 (1982).

U. Wachsmann, R. F. H. Fischer, J. B. Huber, "Multilevel codes: Theoretical concepts and practical design rules," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45, 1361-1391 (1999).

G. Caire, G. Taricco, E. Biglieri, "Bit-interleaved coded modulation," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 44, 927-946 (1998).

G. D. Forney, Jr."Trellis shaping," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 281-300 (1992).

J. Lightw. Technol.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

O. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlöhner, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 61-68 (2003).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Cvijetic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Using LDPC-coded modulation and coherent detection for ultra high-speed optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3619-3625 (2007).

A. P. T. Lau, J. M. Kahn, "Signal design and detection in presence of nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3008-3016 (2007).

B. P. Smith, A. Farhood, A. Hunt, F. R. Kschischang, J. Lodge, "Staircase codes: FEC for 100 Gb/s OTN," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 110-117 (2012).

E. M. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416-3425 (2008).

E. M. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Fiber impairment compensation using coherent detection and digital signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 502-519 (2010).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier Science & Technology, 2006).

G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology (Wiley-Interscience, 2005).

L. Beygi, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, "A novel multilevel coded modulation scheme for fiber optical channel with nonlinear phase noise," Proc. Global Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-6.

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