Abstract

In this paper, we propose and experimentally demonstrate the direct-detection optical orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing superchannel (DDO-OFDM-S) and optical multiband receiving method (OMBR) to support >100-Gb/s data rate and a longer distance for direct-detection systems. For the new OMBR, we discuss the optimum carrier-to-sideband power ratio (CSPR) both in the cases of back-to-back and after transmission, and derive the analytical form for CSPR which is verified with numerical results. An overhead-efficient training method for in-phase/quadrature-phase imbalance estimation is also introduced in order to obtain a better performance while maintaining the high throughput of the system. With experimental setups, we evaluate the two systems with 1) 16-QAM, 214-Gb/s (190 Gb/s without overhead) and 2) 4-QAM, 117-Gb/s (100 Gb/s without overhead) systems. The new proposals enable the record data rate per wavelength (214 Gb/s) and record distance of 720-km standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) for the >100-Gb/s DDO-OFDM systems, and achieve the record optical signal-to-noise ratio sensitivity of 21.2 dB and record distance of 1200-km SSMF (~1 dB penalty) for the 100-Gb/s class DDO-OFDM systems.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Haoyu, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: From laboratory experiments to field trials," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).
  2. M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, T. Fujita, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 139-145 (2007).
  3. R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal pre-distortion," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2006) Paper OWB3.
  4. S. L. Jansen, "Optical OFDM, a hype or is it for real?," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2008) Paper Mo3E3.
  5. A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper PDP39.
  6. A. Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "100-Gbps direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 468-470 (2010).
  7. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 484-493 (2010).
  8. B. J. C. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "120 Gbit/s over 500-km using single-band polarization-multiplexed self-coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 328-335 (2010).
  9. W.-R. Peng, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "Transmission of a 214-Gb/s single-polarization direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel over 720-km standard single mode fiber with EDFA-only amplification," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010) Paper PDP 2.5.
  10. W.-R. Peng, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "117-Gb/s optical OFDM super-channel transmission over 1200-km SSMF using direct detection and EDFA-only amplification," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThX1.
  11. Q. Yang, Y. Tang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "Experimental demonstration and numerical simulation of 107-Gb/s high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 168-176 (2009).
  12. A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultra-long haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).
  13. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "10$\,\times\,$121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP2.
  14. W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone assisted optical OFDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1332-1339 (2009).
  15. A. J. Lowery, "Amplified spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems," Opt. Exp. 16, 860-865 (2008).
  16. W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. Willner, "Ultimate sensitivity for optically pre-amplified direct-detected OFDM systems using spectrally-matched optical filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1764-1766 (2009).
  17. K. Nikitopoulos, A. Polydoros, "Phase-impairment effects and compensation algorithms for OFDM systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 698-707 (2005).
  18. W.-R. Peng, B. Zhang, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Compensation for IQ imbalances and bias deviation of the Mach–Zehnder modulators in direct-detected optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 103-105 (2009).
  19. A. Amin, S. L. Jansen, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "A hybrid IQ imbalance compensation method for optical OFDM transmission," Opt. Exp. 18, 4859-4866 (2010).
  20. X. Liu, F. Buchali, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Exp. 16, 21944-21957 (2008).
  21. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Beckham, "Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 373-377 (2011).
  22. ITU-T Recommendation G.975.1 (2004) Appendix I.9.
  23. C. Xie, "PMD insensitive direct-detection optical OFDM systems using self-polarization diversity," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OMM2.
  24. W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, "Direct-detected polarization division multiplexed OFDM systems with self-polarization diversity," presented at the 21st Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. AcapulcoMexico (2008) Paper MH3.
  25. S. Seno, E. Horiuchi, T. Sugihara, T. Uesugi, T. Ichikawa, Y. Baba, T. Mizuochi, "A GMPLS-based path establishment experiment with tunable dispersion compensation over in-field fibers," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. TorinoItaly (2010) Paper Tu.4.B.3.
  26. M. Yagi, S. Tanaka, S. Satomi, S. Ryu, K. Okamura, M. Aoyagi, S. Asano, "Field trial of GMPLS triple plane integration for 40 Gbit/s dynamically reconfigurable wavelength path network," Electron. Lett. 41, 492-494 (2005).
  27. W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. Willner, S. Chi, "Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1340-1346 (2009).

2011 (1)

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Beckham, "Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 373-377 (2011).

2010 (4)

A. Amin, S. L. Jansen, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "A hybrid IQ imbalance compensation method for optical OFDM transmission," Opt. Exp. 18, 4859-4866 (2010).

A. Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "100-Gbps direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 468-470 (2010).

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 484-493 (2010).

B. J. C. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "120 Gbit/s over 500-km using single-band polarization-multiplexed self-coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 328-335 (2010).

2009 (5)

Q. Yang, Y. Tang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "Experimental demonstration and numerical simulation of 107-Gb/s high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 168-176 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone assisted optical OFDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1332-1339 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. Willner, "Ultimate sensitivity for optically pre-amplified direct-detected OFDM systems using spectrally-matched optical filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1764-1766 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, B. Zhang, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Compensation for IQ imbalances and bias deviation of the Mach–Zehnder modulators in direct-detected optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 103-105 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. Willner, S. Chi, "Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1340-1346 (2009).

2008 (3)

X. Liu, F. Buchali, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Exp. 16, 21944-21957 (2008).

A. J. Lowery, "Amplified spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems," Opt. Exp. 16, 860-865 (2008).

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Haoyu, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: From laboratory experiments to field trials," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).

2007 (2)

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, T. Fujita, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 139-145 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultra-long haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).

2005 (2)

K. Nikitopoulos, A. Polydoros, "Phase-impairment effects and compensation algorithms for OFDM systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 698-707 (2005).

M. Yagi, S. Tanaka, S. Satomi, S. Ryu, K. Okamura, M. Aoyagi, S. Asano, "Field trial of GMPLS triple plane integration for 40 Gbit/s dynamically reconfigurable wavelength path network," Electron. Lett. 41, 492-494 (2005).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Yagi, S. Tanaka, S. Satomi, S. Ryu, K. Okamura, M. Aoyagi, S. Asano, "Field trial of GMPLS triple plane integration for 40 Gbit/s dynamically reconfigurable wavelength path network," Electron. Lett. 41, 492-494 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "100-Gbps direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 468-470 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Nikitopoulos, A. Polydoros, "Phase-impairment effects and compensation algorithms for OFDM systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 698-707 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

W.-R. Peng, B. Zhang, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Compensation for IQ imbalances and bias deviation of the Mach–Zehnder modulators in direct-detected optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 103-105 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. Willner, "Ultimate sensitivity for optically pre-amplified direct-detected OFDM systems using spectrally-matched optical filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1764-1766 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. Willner, S. Chi, "Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1340-1346 (2009).

Q. Yang, Y. Tang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "Experimental demonstration and numerical simulation of 107-Gb/s high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 168-176 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, "Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone assisted optical OFDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1332-1339 (2009).

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, T. Fujita, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 139-145 (2007).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Beckham, "Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 373-377 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Haoyu, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: From laboratory experiments to field trials," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 484-493 (2010).

B. J. C. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "120 Gbit/s over 500-km using single-band polarization-multiplexed self-coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 328-335 (2010).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultra-long haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (2)

A. J. Lowery, "Amplified spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems," Opt. Exp. 16, 860-865 (2008).

A. Amin, S. L. Jansen, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "A hybrid IQ imbalance compensation method for optical OFDM transmission," Opt. Exp. 18, 4859-4866 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

X. Liu, F. Buchali, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Exp. 16, 21944-21957 (2008).

Other (10)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "10$\,\times\,$121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP2.

W.-R. Peng, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "Transmission of a 214-Gb/s single-polarization direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel over 720-km standard single mode fiber with EDFA-only amplification," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010) Paper PDP 2.5.

W.-R. Peng, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "117-Gb/s optical OFDM super-channel transmission over 1200-km SSMF using direct detection and EDFA-only amplification," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThX1.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal pre-distortion," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2006) Paper OWB3.

S. L. Jansen, "Optical OFDM, a hype or is it for real?," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2008) Paper Mo3E3.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper PDP39.

ITU-T Recommendation G.975.1 (2004) Appendix I.9.

C. Xie, "PMD insensitive direct-detection optical OFDM systems using self-polarization diversity," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OMM2.

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, "Direct-detected polarization division multiplexed OFDM systems with self-polarization diversity," presented at the 21st Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. AcapulcoMexico (2008) Paper MH3.

S. Seno, E. Horiuchi, T. Sugihara, T. Uesugi, T. Ichikawa, Y. Baba, T. Mizuochi, "A GMPLS-based path establishment experiment with tunable dispersion compensation over in-field fibers," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. TorinoItaly (2010) Paper Tu.4.B.3.

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