Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a new and simple method for achieving continuously tunable microwave frequency multiplication using an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping (TPS) system incorporating two linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings (LCFBGs) written in erbium/ytterbium co-doped fibers. By optically pumping the LCFBGs with different pumping power, the dispersion of the LCFBGs is tuned. The incorporation of the LCFBGs in an unbalanced TPS system would enable the generation of a frequency tunable microwave waveform. The operation of the system is discussed which is then verified by an experiment. Continuously tunable microwave frequency multiplication with a multiplication factor from 5.14 to 11.9 is experimentally demonstrated. The impact of the ripples in the magnitude and group delay responses of the LCFBGs on the performance of the microwave generation is also studied.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. D. McKinney, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Photonically assisted generation of arbitrary millimeter-wave and microwave electromagnetic waveforms via direct space-to-time optical pulse shaping," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3020-3028 (2003).
  2. C. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirped millimeterwave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 542-553 (2008).
  3. M. Bertero, M. Miyakawa, P. Boccacci, F. Conte, K. Orikasa, M. Furutani, "Image restoration in chirp pulse microwave CT (CP-MCT)," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 47, 690-699 (2000).
  4. J. U. Kang, M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "Demonstration of microwave frequency shifting by use of a highly chirped mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 1188-1190 (1998).
  5. J. M. Fuster, D. Novak, A. Nirmalathas, J. Marti, "Single-sideband modulation in photonic time-stretch analogue-to-digital conversion," Electron. Lett. 37, 67-68 (2001).
  6. J. Azana, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, "Frequency shifting of microwave signals by use of a general temporal self-imaging (Talbot) effect in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 29, 2849-2851 (2004).
  7. C. Wang, M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Continuously tunable photonic microwave frequency multiplication by use of an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1285-1287 (2010).
  8. H. Shahoei, M. Li, J. Yao, "Continuously tunable time delay using an optically pumped linear chirped fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1465-1472 (2011).
  9. M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 59, 3531-3537 (2011).
  10. M. A. Muriel, J. Azana, A. Carballar, "Real-time Fourier transformer based on fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 24, 1-3 (1999).
  11. Y. Han, Z. Li, S. Pan, M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Photonic-assisted tunable microwave pulse fractional Hilbert transformer based on temporal pulse shaping system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 570-572 (2011).
  12. H. Chi, J. P. Yao, "Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator," Electron. Lett. 43, 415-417 (2007).

2011 (3)

H. Shahoei, M. Li, J. Yao, "Continuously tunable time delay using an optically pumped linear chirped fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1465-1472 (2011).

M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 59, 3531-3537 (2011).

Y. Han, Z. Li, S. Pan, M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Photonic-assisted tunable microwave pulse fractional Hilbert transformer based on temporal pulse shaping system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 570-572 (2011).

2010 (1)

C. Wang, M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Continuously tunable photonic microwave frequency multiplication by use of an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1285-1287 (2010).

2008 (1)

C. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirped millimeterwave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 542-553 (2008).

2007 (1)

H. Chi, J. P. Yao, "Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator," Electron. Lett. 43, 415-417 (2007).

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

J. D. McKinney, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Photonically assisted generation of arbitrary millimeter-wave and microwave electromagnetic waveforms via direct space-to-time optical pulse shaping," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3020-3028 (2003).

2001 (1)

J. M. Fuster, D. Novak, A. Nirmalathas, J. Marti, "Single-sideband modulation in photonic time-stretch analogue-to-digital conversion," Electron. Lett. 37, 67-68 (2001).

2000 (1)

M. Bertero, M. Miyakawa, P. Boccacci, F. Conte, K. Orikasa, M. Furutani, "Image restoration in chirp pulse microwave CT (CP-MCT)," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 47, 690-699 (2000).

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. M. Fuster, D. Novak, A. Nirmalathas, J. Marti, "Single-sideband modulation in photonic time-stretch analogue-to-digital conversion," Electron. Lett. 37, 67-68 (2001).

H. Chi, J. P. Yao, "Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator," Electron. Lett. 43, 415-417 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Han, Z. Li, S. Pan, M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Photonic-assisted tunable microwave pulse fractional Hilbert transformer based on temporal pulse shaping system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 570-572 (2011).

C. Wang, M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Continuously tunable photonic microwave frequency multiplication by use of an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1285-1287 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. (1)

M. Bertero, M. Miyakawa, P. Boccacci, F. Conte, K. Orikasa, M. Furutani, "Image restoration in chirp pulse microwave CT (CP-MCT)," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 47, 690-699 (2000).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

C. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirped millimeterwave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 542-553 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 59, 3531-3537 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. D. McKinney, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Photonically assisted generation of arbitrary millimeter-wave and microwave electromagnetic waveforms via direct space-to-time optical pulse shaping," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3020-3028 (2003).

H. Shahoei, M. Li, J. Yao, "Continuously tunable time delay using an optically pumped linear chirped fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1465-1472 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.