Abstract

We report the first ultra-broad band dispersion measurements in short-length ZBLAN, germanate and silica-based optical fibers in the near- and midIR wavelength ranges between 1.7 and 2.0 μm and from 2.3 to 2.45 μm, using two ultra-broadband light sources: a broadband superluminescent Tm-doped fiber source and a novel femtosecond pulsed mode-locked Cr:ZnS oscillator. The measured second order dispersion characteristics of the fibers correspond to the theoretical predictions (numerical calculations).

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. Thomsen, S. Keiding, O. Bang, "ZBLAN supercontinuum generation—Detailed comparison between measurement and simulation," CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (CLEO: S and I) Conference BaltimoreMD (2011) Paper CThBB2.
  2. A. Jin, Z. Wang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, Z. Jiang, "Experimental measurement and numerical calculation of dispersion of ZBLAN fiber," Proc. 2011 I ICEOE (2011) pp. V3-181-V3-184.
  3. L. G. Cohen, "Comparison of single-mode fiber dispersion measurement techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 958-966 (1985).
  4. S. Diddams, J. C. Diels, "Dispersion measurements with white-light interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 13, 1120-1129 (1996).
  5. M. Tateda, N. Shibata, S. Seikai, "Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a singlemode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 404-407 (1981).
  6. C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, D. L. Philen, "Chromatic dispersion measurements in single-mode fibers using picosecond InGaAsP injection lasers in the 1.2- to 1.5-μm spectral region," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 457-462 (1983).
  7. L. G. Cohen, C. Lin, "A universal fiber-optic (UFO) measurement system based on a near-IR fiber Raman laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 855-859 (1978).
  8. J. Chang, H. Takahashi, I. Sugimoto, A. Oyobe, M. Ogai, "Measurement of chromatic dispersion with a GeO2 fiber raman laser," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) San DiegoCA (1985) Paper TUD3.
  9. J. Hult, R. S. Watt, C. F. Kaminski, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibers using supercontinuum pulses," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 820-824 (2007).
  10. K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, "Group velocity dispersion measurement using supercontinuum picosecond pulses generated in an optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 29, 987-989 (1993).
  11. F. Koch, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibres over the entire spectral range from 1.1 μm to 1.7 μm," Opt. Commun. 175, 209-213 (2000).
  12. N. Nishizawa, A. Muto, T. Goto, "Measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibers using wavelength-tunable soliton pulses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 4990-4992 (2000).
  13. H.-T. Shang, "Chromatic dispersion measurement by white-light interferometry on meter-length single-mode optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 17, 603-605 (1981).
  14. B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase-shift technique for the measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LED's," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509-1515 (1982).
  15. J. Y. Lee, D. Y. Kim, "Versatile chromatic dispersion measurement of a single mode fiber using spectral white light interferometry," Opt. Exp. 14, 11608-11615 (2006).
  16. T. Zhang, Z. Yang, W. Zhao, Y. Wang, P. Fang, C. Li, "Dispersion measurement of Yb-doped fiber by a spectral interferometric technique," Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 262-265 (2010).
  17. Q. Ye, C. Xu, X. Liu, W. H. Knox, M. F. Yan, R. S. Windeler, B. Eggleton, "Dispersion measurement of tapered air-silica microstructure fiber by white-light interferometry," Appl.Opt. 41, 4467-4470 (2002).
  18. P. Merritt, R. P. Tatam, D. A. Jackson, "Interferometric chromatic dispersion measurements on short lengths of monomode optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 703-716 (1989).
  19. E. Sorokin, N. Tolstik, I. T. Sorokina, "Femtosecond operation and self-doubling of Cr:ZnS laser," Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications Conference KauaiHI (2011) Paper NThC1.
  20. E. Sorokin, N. Tolstik, I. T. Sorokina, "Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnS laser," Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (ASSP) San DiegoCA (2012) Paper AW5A.5v.
  21. V. Dvoyrin, I. Sorokina, V. Kalashnikov, V. Mashinsky, L. Ischakova, E. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, "Tm3${+}$-doped CW fiber laser based on a highly GeO2-doped dispersion shifted fiber," Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (ASSP) IstanbulTurkey (2011) Paper ATuB17.
  22. S. H. Wemple, "Material dispersion in optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 18, 31-35 (1979).
  23. V. L. Kalashnikov, "Effective refractive indexes and dispersion characteristics of the tapered fibers," http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/TFmodes.html.

2010

T. Zhang, Z. Yang, W. Zhao, Y. Wang, P. Fang, C. Li, "Dispersion measurement of Yb-doped fiber by a spectral interferometric technique," Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 262-265 (2010).

2007

J. Hult, R. S. Watt, C. F. Kaminski, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibers using supercontinuum pulses," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 820-824 (2007).

2006

J. Y. Lee, D. Y. Kim, "Versatile chromatic dispersion measurement of a single mode fiber using spectral white light interferometry," Opt. Exp. 14, 11608-11615 (2006).

2002

Q. Ye, C. Xu, X. Liu, W. H. Knox, M. F. Yan, R. S. Windeler, B. Eggleton, "Dispersion measurement of tapered air-silica microstructure fiber by white-light interferometry," Appl.Opt. 41, 4467-4470 (2002).

2000

F. Koch, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibres over the entire spectral range from 1.1 μm to 1.7 μm," Opt. Commun. 175, 209-213 (2000).

N. Nishizawa, A. Muto, T. Goto, "Measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibers using wavelength-tunable soliton pulses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 4990-4992 (2000).

1996

S. Diddams, J. C. Diels, "Dispersion measurements with white-light interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 13, 1120-1129 (1996).

1993

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, "Group velocity dispersion measurement using supercontinuum picosecond pulses generated in an optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 29, 987-989 (1993).

1989

P. Merritt, R. P. Tatam, D. A. Jackson, "Interferometric chromatic dispersion measurements on short lengths of monomode optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 703-716 (1989).

1985

L. G. Cohen, "Comparison of single-mode fiber dispersion measurement techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 958-966 (1985).

1983

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, D. L. Philen, "Chromatic dispersion measurements in single-mode fibers using picosecond InGaAsP injection lasers in the 1.2- to 1.5-μm spectral region," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 457-462 (1983).

1982

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase-shift technique for the measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LED's," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509-1515 (1982).

1981

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, S. Seikai, "Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a singlemode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 404-407 (1981).

H.-T. Shang, "Chromatic dispersion measurement by white-light interferometry on meter-length single-mode optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 17, 603-605 (1981).

1979

1978

L. G. Cohen, C. Lin, "A universal fiber-optic (UFO) measurement system based on a near-IR fiber Raman laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 855-859 (1978).

Appl. Opt.

Appl.Opt.

Q. Ye, C. Xu, X. Liu, W. H. Knox, M. F. Yan, R. S. Windeler, B. Eggleton, "Dispersion measurement of tapered air-silica microstructure fiber by white-light interferometry," Appl.Opt. 41, 4467-4470 (2002).

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, D. L. Philen, "Chromatic dispersion measurements in single-mode fibers using picosecond InGaAsP injection lasers in the 1.2- to 1.5-μm spectral region," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 457-462 (1983).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

T. Zhang, Z. Yang, W. Zhao, Y. Wang, P. Fang, C. Li, "Dispersion measurement of Yb-doped fiber by a spectral interferometric technique," Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 262-265 (2010).

Electron. Lett.

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, "Group velocity dispersion measurement using supercontinuum picosecond pulses generated in an optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 29, 987-989 (1993).

H.-T. Shang, "Chromatic dispersion measurement by white-light interferometry on meter-length single-mode optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 17, 603-605 (1981).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase-shift technique for the measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LED's," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509-1515 (1982).

L. G. Cohen, C. Lin, "A universal fiber-optic (UFO) measurement system based on a near-IR fiber Raman laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 855-859 (1978).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, S. Seikai, "Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a singlemode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 404-407 (1981).

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. Hult, R. S. Watt, C. F. Kaminski, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibers using supercontinuum pulses," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 820-824 (2007).

L. G. Cohen, "Comparison of single-mode fiber dispersion measurement techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 958-966 (1985).

J. Lightw. Technol.

P. Merritt, R. P. Tatam, D. A. Jackson, "Interferometric chromatic dispersion measurements on short lengths of monomode optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 703-716 (1989).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

S. Diddams, J. C. Diels, "Dispersion measurements with white-light interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 13, 1120-1129 (1996).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

N. Nishizawa, A. Muto, T. Goto, "Measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibers using wavelength-tunable soliton pulses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 4990-4992 (2000).

Opt. Commun.

F. Koch, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibres over the entire spectral range from 1.1 μm to 1.7 μm," Opt. Commun. 175, 209-213 (2000).

Opt. Exp.

J. Y. Lee, D. Y. Kim, "Versatile chromatic dispersion measurement of a single mode fiber using spectral white light interferometry," Opt. Exp. 14, 11608-11615 (2006).

Other

E. Sorokin, N. Tolstik, I. T. Sorokina, "Femtosecond operation and self-doubling of Cr:ZnS laser," Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications Conference KauaiHI (2011) Paper NThC1.

E. Sorokin, N. Tolstik, I. T. Sorokina, "Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnS laser," Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (ASSP) San DiegoCA (2012) Paper AW5A.5v.

V. Dvoyrin, I. Sorokina, V. Kalashnikov, V. Mashinsky, L. Ischakova, E. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, "Tm3${+}$-doped CW fiber laser based on a highly GeO2-doped dispersion shifted fiber," Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (ASSP) IstanbulTurkey (2011) Paper ATuB17.

V. L. Kalashnikov, "Effective refractive indexes and dispersion characteristics of the tapered fibers," http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/TFmodes.html.

C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. Thomsen, S. Keiding, O. Bang, "ZBLAN supercontinuum generation—Detailed comparison between measurement and simulation," CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (CLEO: S and I) Conference BaltimoreMD (2011) Paper CThBB2.

A. Jin, Z. Wang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, Z. Jiang, "Experimental measurement and numerical calculation of dispersion of ZBLAN fiber," Proc. 2011 I ICEOE (2011) pp. V3-181-V3-184.

J. Chang, H. Takahashi, I. Sugimoto, A. Oyobe, M. Ogai, "Measurement of chromatic dispersion with a GeO2 fiber raman laser," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) San DiegoCA (1985) Paper TUD3.

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