Abstract

Wavelength-striped optical packet multicasting comprises a potentially important functionality for future energy-efficient network applications. We report on two multicast-capable architectures to experimentally demonstrate multiwavelength packet multicasting in an optical switching fabric testbed. The first design uses programmable packet-splitter-and-delivery that simultaneously supports the nonblocking unicast, multicast, and broadcast of high-bandwidth optical packets with parallel switches. This realization achieves the error-free multicasting of optical messages with 8 × 10 Gb/s payloads, with confirmed bit-error rates less than 10<sup>-12</sup>, and scalability of per-channel data rates to 40 Gb/s. We then introduce a second multistage multicasting architecture with lower hardware and energy costs, with the design trade-off of more complex routing logic; the experimental demonstration shows the successful switching and error-free multicasting of 8 × 10 Gb/s optical packets. The energy costs in terms of the capital and operational expenditures are then compared for the two designs, showing the benefits of the second multicast architecture.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. R. W. Tkach, "Scaling optical communications for the next decade and beyond," Bell Lab. Tech. J. 14, 3-9 (2010).
  2. J. D'Ambrosia, "40 gigabit Ethernet and 100 gigabit Ethernet: The development of a flexible architecture," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S8-S14 (2009).
  3. GreenTouch. http://www.greentouch.org/.
  4. D. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, O. Blume, "Power trends in communication networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 275-284 (2011).
  5. W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Optical networks: How much power do they consume and how can we optimize this?," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-4.
  6. C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, A. Gladisch, "Energy consumption of telecommunication networks and related improvement options," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 285-295 (2011).
  7. G. Raybon, P. J. Winzer, "100 Gb/s challenges and solutions," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008) pp. 1-35.
  8. A. Stavdas, C. T. Politi, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Drakos, "Optical packet routers: How they can efficiently and cost-effectively scale to petabits per second [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 876-894 (2008).
  9. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).
  10. S. J. B. Yoo, "Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).
  11. C. P. Lai, F. Fidler, K. Bergman, "Experimental demonstration of QoS-aware cross-layer packet protection switching," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1-2.
  12. C. P. Lai, M. S. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, J.-Y. Yang, M. Chitgarha, A. Willner, "Demonstration of QoS-aware packet protection via cross-layer OSNR signaling," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  13. NSF Engineering Research Center for Integrated Access Networks (CIAN). http://cian-erc.org/.
  14. I. Baldine, "Unique optical networking facilities and cross-layer networking," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Top. Meet. (2009) pp. 145-146.
  15. G. N. Rouskas, "Optical layer multicast: Rationale, building blocks, and challenges," IEEE Netw. 17, 60-65 (2003).
  16. H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, K. Kim, "Experimental demonstration of layer-1 multicast for WDM networks using reconfigurable OADM," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 431-437 (2009).
  17. S. Perrin, “White Paper: The Need for Next-Generation ROADM Networks,” San FranciscoCA Heavy Reading, Tech. Rep. (2010).
  18. Z. Pan, H. Yang, J. Yang, J. Hu, Z. Zhu, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, S. Yamano, V. Akella, S. Yoo, "Advanced optical-label routing system supporting multicast, optical TTL, and multimedia applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3270-3281 (2005).
  19. H. Hamza, "Convert-and-deliver: A scalable multicast optical cross-connect with reduced power splitting fan-out," J. Supercomput. 1-24 (2011).
  20. G. Shen, R. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP over WDM networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. 1, 176-186 (2009).
  21. L. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, "Light trees: Optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 67-73 (1999).
  22. M. Ali, J. Deogun, "Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).
  23. M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, P. Giaccone, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, "Multicast traffic in input-queued switches: Optimal scheduling and maximum throughput," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 465-477 (2003).
  24. M. Andrews, S. Khanna, K. Kumaran, "Integrated scheduling of unicast and multicast traffic in an input-queued switch," Proc. 18th Annu. Joint Conf. IEEE Comput. Commun. Soc. (1999) pp. 1144-1151.
  25. N. Yan, I. T. Monroy, H.-D. Jung, T. Koonen, A. Teixeira, T. Silveira, "Optical multicast technologies by multi-wavelength conversion for optical routers," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Technol. (2006) pp. 1-4.
  26. Q. Huang, W.-D. Zhong, "Wavelength-routed optical multicast packet switch with improved performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5657-5664 (2009).
  27. D. Tutsch, G. Hommel, "Performance of buffered multistage interconnection networks in case of packet multicasting," Proc. Adv. Parallel Distrib. Comput. (1997) pp. 50-57.
  28. X. Liu, H. Wang, Y. Ji, "Hybrid multicast mode in all-optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1212-1214 (2007).
  29. P. J. Winzer, "Beyond 100G Ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).
  30. W. S. Hu, Q. J. Zeng, "Multicasting optical cross connects employing splitter-and-delivery switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 970-972 (1998).
  31. C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of programmable broadband packet multicasting in an optical switching fabric test-bed," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.
  32. C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "Network architecture and test-bed demonstration of wavelength-striped packet multicasting," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  33. A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 841-850 (2009).
  34. C. P. Lai, D. Brunina, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of 8$\,\times\,$40-Gb/s wavelength-striped packet switching in a multi-terabit capacity optical network test-bed," Proc. 23rd Annu. Meet. IEEE Photon. Soc. (2010) pp. 688-689.
  35. A. Shacham, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "A wideband nonblocking 2$\,\times\,$2 switching node for a SPINet network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2742-2744 (2005).
  36. C. P. Lai, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of asynchronous operation of a multiwavelength optical packet-switched fabric," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1223-1225 (2010).
  37. O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "Physical layer scalability of WDM optical packet interconnection networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 262-270 (2006).
  38. W. Dally, B. Towles, Principles and Practices of Interconnection Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 2003).
  39. S. Okamoto, A. Watanabe, K.-I. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect node architectures for photonic transport network," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1410-1422 (1996).
  40. CiscoCisco CRS-1 Data Sheets http://www.cisco.com.
  41. G. Epps, D. Tsiang, T. Boures, "System Power Challenges," Cisco Routing Res. Semin. San JoseCA (2006).
  42. Alcatel-LucentAlcatel-Lucent WaveStar OLS 1.6T Product Specification http://www.alcatel-lucent.com.
  43. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Power consumption in bufferless optical packet switches in SOA technology," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. 1, B15-B29 (2009).
  44. J. Sakaguchi, F. Salleras, K. Nishimura, Y. Ueno, "Frequency-dependent electric DC power consumption model including quantum-conversion efficiencies in ultrafast all-optical semiconductor gates around 160 Gb/s," Opt. Exp. 15, 14887-14900 (2007).

2011 (3)

D. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, O. Blume, "Power trends in communication networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 275-284 (2011).

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, A. Gladisch, "Energy consumption of telecommunication networks and related improvement options," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 285-295 (2011).

H. Hamza, "Convert-and-deliver: A scalable multicast optical cross-connect with reduced power splitting fan-out," J. Supercomput. 1-24 (2011).

2010 (3)

P. J. Winzer, "Beyond 100G Ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).

R. W. Tkach, "Scaling optical communications for the next decade and beyond," Bell Lab. Tech. J. 14, 3-9 (2010).

C. P. Lai, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of asynchronous operation of a multiwavelength optical packet-switched fabric," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1223-1225 (2010).

2009 (6)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 841-850 (2009).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Power consumption in bufferless optical packet switches in SOA technology," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. 1, B15-B29 (2009).

J. D'Ambrosia, "40 gigabit Ethernet and 100 gigabit Ethernet: The development of a flexible architecture," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S8-S14 (2009).

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, K. Kim, "Experimental demonstration of layer-1 multicast for WDM networks using reconfigurable OADM," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 431-437 (2009).

Q. Huang, W.-D. Zhong, "Wavelength-routed optical multicast packet switch with improved performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5657-5664 (2009).

G. Shen, R. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP over WDM networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. 1, 176-186 (2009).

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

X. Liu, H. Wang, Y. Ji, "Hybrid multicast mode in all-optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1212-1214 (2007).

J. Sakaguchi, F. Salleras, K. Nishimura, Y. Ueno, "Frequency-dependent electric DC power consumption model including quantum-conversion efficiencies in ultrafast all-optical semiconductor gates around 160 Gb/s," Opt. Exp. 15, 14887-14900 (2007).

2006 (2)

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "Physical layer scalability of WDM optical packet interconnection networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 262-270 (2006).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).

2005 (2)

Z. Pan, H. Yang, J. Yang, J. Hu, Z. Zhu, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, S. Yamano, V. Akella, S. Yoo, "Advanced optical-label routing system supporting multicast, optical TTL, and multimedia applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3270-3281 (2005).

A. Shacham, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "A wideband nonblocking 2$\,\times\,$2 switching node for a SPINet network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2742-2744 (2005).

2003 (2)

G. N. Rouskas, "Optical layer multicast: Rationale, building blocks, and challenges," IEEE Netw. 17, 60-65 (2003).

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, P. Giaccone, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, "Multicast traffic in input-queued switches: Optimal scheduling and maximum throughput," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 465-477 (2003).

2000 (1)

M. Ali, J. Deogun, "Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).

1999 (1)

L. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, "Light trees: Optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 67-73 (1999).

1998 (1)

W. S. Hu, Q. J. Zeng, "Multicasting optical cross connects employing splitter-and-delivery switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 970-972 (1998).

1996 (1)

S. Okamoto, A. Watanabe, K.-I. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect node architectures for photonic transport network," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1410-1422 (1996).

Bell Lab. Tech. J. (1)

R. W. Tkach, "Scaling optical communications for the next decade and beyond," Bell Lab. Tech. J. 14, 3-9 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, A. Gladisch, "Energy consumption of telecommunication networks and related improvement options," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 285-295 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. S. Hu, Q. J. Zeng, "Multicasting optical cross connects employing splitter-and-delivery switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 970-972 (1998).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

L. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, "Light trees: Optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 67-73 (1999).

J. D'Ambrosia, "40 gigabit Ethernet and 100 gigabit Ethernet: The development of a flexible architecture," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S8-S14 (2009).

P. J. Winzer, "Beyond 100G Ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

M. Ali, J. Deogun, "Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, O. Blume, "Power trends in communication networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 275-284 (2011).

IEEE Netw. (1)

G. N. Rouskas, "Optical layer multicast: Rationale, building blocks, and challenges," IEEE Netw. 17, 60-65 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Shacham, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "A wideband nonblocking 2$\,\times\,$2 switching node for a SPINet network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2742-2744 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. P. Lai, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of asynchronous operation of a multiwavelength optical packet-switched fabric," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1223-1225 (2010).

X. Liu, H. Wang, Y. Ji, "Hybrid multicast mode in all-optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1212-1214 (2007).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, P. Giaccone, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, "Multicast traffic in input-queued switches: Optimal scheduling and maximum throughput," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 465-477 (2003).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Power consumption in bufferless optical packet switches in SOA technology," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. 1, B15-B29 (2009).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. (1)

G. Shen, R. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP over WDM networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Network. 1, 176-186 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

Q. Huang, W.-D. Zhong, "Wavelength-routed optical multicast packet switch with improved performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5657-5664 (2009).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "Physical layer scalability of WDM optical packet interconnection networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 262-270 (2006).

Z. Pan, H. Yang, J. Yang, J. Hu, Z. Zhu, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, S. Yamano, V. Akella, S. Yoo, "Advanced optical-label routing system supporting multicast, optical TTL, and multimedia applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3270-3281 (2005).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).

S. Okamoto, A. Watanabe, K.-I. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect node architectures for photonic transport network," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1410-1422 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 841-850 (2009).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

J. Supercomput. (1)

H. Hamza, "Convert-and-deliver: A scalable multicast optical cross-connect with reduced power splitting fan-out," J. Supercomput. 1-24 (2011).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, K. Kim, "Experimental demonstration of layer-1 multicast for WDM networks using reconfigurable OADM," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 431-437 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Sakaguchi, F. Salleras, K. Nishimura, Y. Ueno, "Frequency-dependent electric DC power consumption model including quantum-conversion efficiencies in ultrafast all-optical semiconductor gates around 160 Gb/s," Opt. Exp. 15, 14887-14900 (2007).

Other (19)

CiscoCisco CRS-1 Data Sheets http://www.cisco.com.

G. Epps, D. Tsiang, T. Boures, "System Power Challenges," Cisco Routing Res. Semin. San JoseCA (2006).

Alcatel-LucentAlcatel-Lucent WaveStar OLS 1.6T Product Specification http://www.alcatel-lucent.com.

S. Perrin, “White Paper: The Need for Next-Generation ROADM Networks,” San FranciscoCA Heavy Reading, Tech. Rep. (2010).

C. P. Lai, F. Fidler, K. Bergman, "Experimental demonstration of QoS-aware cross-layer packet protection switching," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1-2.

C. P. Lai, M. S. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, J.-Y. Yang, M. Chitgarha, A. Willner, "Demonstration of QoS-aware packet protection via cross-layer OSNR signaling," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.

NSF Engineering Research Center for Integrated Access Networks (CIAN). http://cian-erc.org/.

I. Baldine, "Unique optical networking facilities and cross-layer networking," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Top. Meet. (2009) pp. 145-146.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

G. Raybon, P. J. Winzer, "100 Gb/s challenges and solutions," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008) pp. 1-35.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Optical networks: How much power do they consume and how can we optimize this?," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-4.

GreenTouch. http://www.greentouch.org/.

C. P. Lai, D. Brunina, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of 8$\,\times\,$40-Gb/s wavelength-striped packet switching in a multi-terabit capacity optical network test-bed," Proc. 23rd Annu. Meet. IEEE Photon. Soc. (2010) pp. 688-689.

C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of programmable broadband packet multicasting in an optical switching fabric test-bed," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.

C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "Network architecture and test-bed demonstration of wavelength-striped packet multicasting," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.

W. Dally, B. Towles, Principles and Practices of Interconnection Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 2003).

D. Tutsch, G. Hommel, "Performance of buffered multistage interconnection networks in case of packet multicasting," Proc. Adv. Parallel Distrib. Comput. (1997) pp. 50-57.

M. Andrews, S. Khanna, K. Kumaran, "Integrated scheduling of unicast and multicast traffic in an input-queued switch," Proc. 18th Annu. Joint Conf. IEEE Comput. Commun. Soc. (1999) pp. 1144-1151.

N. Yan, I. T. Monroy, H.-D. Jung, T. Koonen, A. Teixeira, T. Silveira, "Optical multicast technologies by multi-wavelength conversion for optical routers," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Technol. (2006) pp. 1-4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.