Abstract

To realize midinfrared multi-wavelength transmission within one octave, the modified binary one dimensional photonic crystal (MB-1DPC) is introduced to the hollow core Bragg fiber (HC-BF) as its cladding in this paper. Theoretical analysis shows that the MB-1DPC could provide wider higher-order PBGs than the B-1DPC; hence, the HC-BF with MB-1DPC cladding is prefer to realize multi-wavelength transmission within one octave by two adjacent higher-order PBGs. A HC-BF sample with MB-1DPC cladding was fabricated and measured. The fabricated fiber sample has two low loss transmission bands around 2137 cm-1 and 3016 cm-1, with transmission losses of 3.50 dB/m and 3.79 dB/m, respectively. The multi-wavelength transmission within one octave of the HC-BF with MB-1DPC cladding has great potential in midinfrared multi-wavelength applications, such as multi-species gas sensing and infrared gas lasers.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (2)

A. M. Jones, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, A. Ratanavis, T. Fiedler, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, R. Kadel, F. Benabid, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, W. Rudolph, "Mid-infrared gas filled photonic crystal fiber laser based on population inversion," Opt. Exp. 19, 2309-2316 (2011).

J.-I. Sakai, Y. Suzuki, "Equivalence between in-phase and antiresonant reflection conditions in Bragg fiber and its application to antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide-type fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 183-192 (2011).

2010 (2)

D. J. J. Hu, G. Alagappan, Y.-K. Yeo, P. P. Shum, P. Wu, "Broadband transmission in hollow-core Bragg fibers with geometrically distributed multilayered cladding," Opt. Exp. 18, 18671-18684 (2010).

Z. Ruff, D. Shemuly, X. Peng, O. Shapira, Z. Wang, Y. Fink, "Polymer-composite fibers for transmitting high peak power pulses at 1.55 microns," Opt. Exp. 18, 15697-15703 (2010).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

K. J. Rowland, S. V. Afshar, T. M. Monro, "Novel low-loss bandgaps in all-silica Bragg fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 43-51 (2008).

2007 (2)

M. Foroni, D. Passaro, F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, "Confinement loss spectral behavior in hollow-core Bragg fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 3164-3166 (2007).

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, M. G. Raymer, "Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs," Science 318, 1118-1121 (2007).

2005 (1)

C. Charlton, B. Temelkuran, G. Dellemann, B. Mizaikoff, "Midinfrared sensors meet nanotechnology: Trace gas sensing with quantum cascade lasers inside photonic bandgap hollow waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 194102-194103 (2005).

2004 (5)

K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications," Opt. Exp. 12, 1510-1517 (2004).

G. Vienne, Y. Xu, C. Jakobsen, H.-J. Deyerl, J. Jensen, T. Sorensen, T. Hansen, Y. Huang, M. Terrel, R. Lee, N. Mortensen, J. Broeng, H. Simonsen, A. Bjarklev, A. Yariv, "Ultra-large bandwidth hollow-core guiding in all-silica Bragg fibers with nano-supports," Opt. Exp. 12, 3500-3508 (2004).

T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. Hansen, H. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 4080-4087 (2004).

J. Shephard, J. Jones, D. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, P. Russell, B. Mangan, "High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 717-723 (2004).

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, F. Couny, "Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational raman scattering in molecular hydrogen," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123903 (2004).

2003 (3)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).

M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, M. Soljaccaronicacute, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, S. A. Jacobs, M. Skorobogatiy, "Analysis of mode structure in hollow dielectric waveguide fibers," Phys. Rev. E 67, 046608 (2003).

2002 (2)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO$_{2}$ laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. Jacobs, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Exp. 9, 748-779 (2001).

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).

1998 (1)

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).

1978 (1)

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, E. Marom, "Theory of Bragg fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 68, 1196-1201 (1978).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Charlton, B. Temelkuran, G. Dellemann, B. Mizaikoff, "Midinfrared sensors meet nanotechnology: Trace gas sensing with quantum cascade lasers inside photonic bandgap hollow waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 194102-194103 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

K. J. Rowland, S. V. Afshar, T. M. Monro, "Novel low-loss bandgaps in all-silica Bragg fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 43-51 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, E. Marom, "Theory of Bragg fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 68, 1196-1201 (1978).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J.-I. Sakai, Y. Suzuki, "Equivalence between in-phase and antiresonant reflection conditions in Bragg fiber and its application to antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide-type fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 183-192 (2011).

Nature (2)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO$_{2}$ laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).

Opt. Exp. (8)

J. Shephard, J. Jones, D. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, P. Russell, B. Mangan, "High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 717-723 (2004).

Z. Ruff, D. Shemuly, X. Peng, O. Shapira, Z. Wang, Y. Fink, "Polymer-composite fibers for transmitting high peak power pulses at 1.55 microns," Opt. Exp. 18, 15697-15703 (2010).

T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. Hansen, H. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 4080-4087 (2004).

A. M. Jones, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, A. Ratanavis, T. Fiedler, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, R. Kadel, F. Benabid, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, W. Rudolph, "Mid-infrared gas filled photonic crystal fiber laser based on population inversion," Opt. Exp. 19, 2309-2316 (2011).

G. Vienne, Y. Xu, C. Jakobsen, H.-J. Deyerl, J. Jensen, T. Sorensen, T. Hansen, Y. Huang, M. Terrel, R. Lee, N. Mortensen, J. Broeng, H. Simonsen, A. Bjarklev, A. Yariv, "Ultra-large bandwidth hollow-core guiding in all-silica Bragg fibers with nano-supports," Opt. Exp. 12, 3500-3508 (2004).

D. J. J. Hu, G. Alagappan, Y.-K. Yeo, P. P. Shum, P. Wu, "Broadband transmission in hollow-core Bragg fibers with geometrically distributed multilayered cladding," Opt. Exp. 18, 18671-18684 (2010).

K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications," Opt. Exp. 12, 1510-1517 (2004).

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. Jacobs, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Exp. 9, 748-779 (2001).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, M. Soljaccaronicacute, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, S. A. Jacobs, M. Skorobogatiy, "Analysis of mode structure in hollow dielectric waveguide fibers," Phys. Rev. E 67, 046608 (2003).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, F. Couny, "Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational raman scattering in molecular hydrogen," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123903 (2004).

Science (5)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, M. G. Raymer, "Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs," Science 318, 1118-1121 (2007).

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).

Other (2)

L. Shi, W. Zhang, J. Jin, Y. Huang, J. Peng, "Transmission band control of hollow-core Bragg fiber and it application in gas sensing," Acta Physica Sinica. To be published.

A. Mendez, T. F. Morse, Specialty Optical Fibers Handbook (Elsevier, 2007) pp. 353-355.

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