Abstract

We previously proposed inverse source coding (ISC) to maximize the transmission rate in visible light communications with dimming capability using ON–OFF keying. First, this paper extends the proposed ISC approach to <i>M</i>-ary pulse amplitude modulation and obtains the optimal probability distributions. Then, dimming capacity is used to compare the existing analog dimming approach, the extended ISC approach, and the hybrid of these approaches. We conclude that ISC is the best approach, and threshold values for adaptive modulation are derived depending on signal quality and dimming target.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).
  2. IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Part 15.7: Short-Range Wireless Optical Communication Using Visible Light IEEE Standard 802.15.7-2011 (2011).
  3. H.-C. Kwon, T. Bae, J. Son, E. Won, D. Shin, D. K. Jung, Y. J. Oh, Modulation categorization of visible light communication, IEEE 802.15-08-0430-01 (2008) https://mentor.ieee.org/802.15/documents.
  4. S. Kaur, W. Liu, D. Castor, VLC Dimming Proposal, IEEE 802.15-09-0641-00-0007 (2009) https://mentor.ieee.org/802.15/documents.
  5. J. K. Kwon, "Inverse source coding for dimming in visible light communications using NRZ-OOK on reliable links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1455-1457 (2010).
  6. B. Bai, Z. Xu, Y. Fan, "Joint LED dimming and high capacity visible light communication by overlapping PPM," Proc. 19th Annu. Wireless Opt. Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 71-75.
  7. S. Caldara, S. Nuccio, C. Spataro, "A virtual instrument for measurement of flicker," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 1155-1158 (1998).
  8. S. M. Berman, D. S. Greenhouse, I. L. Bailey, R. D. Clear, T. W. Raasch, "Human electroretinogram responses to video displays, fluorescent lighting, and other high frequency sources," Optometry Vis. Sci. 68, 645-662 (1991).
  9. J. Grubor, S. Randel, K.-D. Langer, J. W. Walewski, "Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3883-3892 (2008).
  10. S. Boyd, L. Vandenberghe, Convex Optimization (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004).
  11. T. M. Cover, J. A. Thomas, Elements of Information Theory (Wiley, 1991).
  12. A. Lapidoth, S. M. Moser, M. A. Wigger, "On the capacity of free-space optical intensity channels," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 55, 4449-4461 (2009).

2010 (1)

J. K. Kwon, "Inverse source coding for dimming in visible light communications using NRZ-OOK on reliable links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1455-1457 (2010).

2009 (1)

A. Lapidoth, S. M. Moser, M. A. Wigger, "On the capacity of free-space optical intensity channels," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 55, 4449-4461 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. Grubor, S. Randel, K.-D. Langer, J. W. Walewski, "Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3883-3892 (2008).

2004 (1)

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).

1998 (1)

S. Caldara, S. Nuccio, C. Spataro, "A virtual instrument for measurement of flicker," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 1155-1158 (1998).

1991 (1)

S. M. Berman, D. S. Greenhouse, I. L. Bailey, R. D. Clear, T. W. Raasch, "Human electroretinogram responses to video displays, fluorescent lighting, and other high frequency sources," Optometry Vis. Sci. 68, 645-662 (1991).

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (1)

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. K. Kwon, "Inverse source coding for dimming in visible light communications using NRZ-OOK on reliable links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1455-1457 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. Lapidoth, S. M. Moser, M. A. Wigger, "On the capacity of free-space optical intensity channels," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 55, 4449-4461 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

S. Caldara, S. Nuccio, C. Spataro, "A virtual instrument for measurement of flicker," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 1155-1158 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Grubor, S. Randel, K.-D. Langer, J. W. Walewski, "Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3883-3892 (2008).

Optometry Vis. Sci. (1)

S. M. Berman, D. S. Greenhouse, I. L. Bailey, R. D. Clear, T. W. Raasch, "Human electroretinogram responses to video displays, fluorescent lighting, and other high frequency sources," Optometry Vis. Sci. 68, 645-662 (1991).

Other (6)

B. Bai, Z. Xu, Y. Fan, "Joint LED dimming and high capacity visible light communication by overlapping PPM," Proc. 19th Annu. Wireless Opt. Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 71-75.

IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Part 15.7: Short-Range Wireless Optical Communication Using Visible Light IEEE Standard 802.15.7-2011 (2011).

H.-C. Kwon, T. Bae, J. Son, E. Won, D. Shin, D. K. Jung, Y. J. Oh, Modulation categorization of visible light communication, IEEE 802.15-08-0430-01 (2008) https://mentor.ieee.org/802.15/documents.

S. Kaur, W. Liu, D. Castor, VLC Dimming Proposal, IEEE 802.15-09-0641-00-0007 (2009) https://mentor.ieee.org/802.15/documents.

S. Boyd, L. Vandenberghe, Convex Optimization (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004).

T. M. Cover, J. A. Thomas, Elements of Information Theory (Wiley, 1991).

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