Abstract

We report on a study of the loss mechanisms in microstructured polymer optical fibers (mPOF), resulting in the fabrication of mPOF with a loss equal to that of commercial polymer optical fibers of 0.16 dB/m at 650 nm, nearing the limit imposed by material absorption. The contributions of confinement loss, macroscopic defects, microbending, and surface roughness are investigated and quantified. The temperature stability of mPOF is also investigated and is dependent on stresses introduced into the fiber during fabrication. A method for achieving stable operation up to 90 °C with a minimal increase in fiber loss is outlined.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. A. Argyros, "Microstructured polymer optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1571-1579 (2009).
  2. P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
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  16. K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, P. U. Jepsen, "Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range," Opt. Exp. 17, 8592-8601 (2009).
  17. J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Terahertz properties of a microstructured Zeonex polymer fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1013-1018 (2011).
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  23. K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibres," Opt. Exp. 15, 8844-8850 (2007).
  24. H. C. Y. Yu, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, G. W. Barton, "Temperature effects on emission of quantum dots embedded in polymethylmethacrylate," Appl. Opt. 49, 2749-2752 (2010).
  25. N. Tanio, "Structural relaxation and refractive index of low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glass," Polymer J. 34, 466-470 (2002).
  26. M. Dixit, S. Gupta, V. Mathur, K. S. Rathore, K. Sharma, N. S. Saxena, "Study of glass transition temperature of PMMA and CdS-PMMA composite," Chalcogenide Lett. 6, 131-136 (2009).

2011 (1)

J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Terahertz properties of a microstructured Zeonex polymer fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1013-1018 (2011).

2010 (3)

M. S. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, "Variation of modal dispersion and bandwidth with temperature in PMMA based step-index polymer optical fibers," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 288-293 (2010).

M. C. J. Large, D. Blacket, C.-A. Bunge, "Microstructured polymer optical fibers compared to conventional POF: Novel properties and applications," IEEE Sens. J. 10, 1213-1217 (2010).

H. C. Y. Yu, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, G. W. Barton, "Temperature effects on emission of quantum dots embedded in polymethylmethacrylate," Appl. Opt. 49, 2749-2752 (2010).

2009 (4)

M. Dixit, S. Gupta, V. Mathur, K. S. Rathore, K. Sharma, N. S. Saxena, "Study of glass transition temperature of PMMA and CdS-PMMA composite," Chalcogenide Lett. 6, 131-136 (2009).

A. Wang, A. Docherty, B. T. Kuhlmey, F. M. Cox, M. C. J. Large, "Side-hole fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Lett. 34, 3890-3892 (2009).

A. Argyros, "Microstructured polymer optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1571-1579 (2009).

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, P. U. Jepsen, "Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range," Opt. Exp. 17, 8592-8601 (2009).

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibres," Opt. Exp. 15, 8844-8850 (2007).

F. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, S. Kalluri, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow-core microstructured optical fibre," Opt. Exp. 15, 13675-13681 (2007).

A. Argyros, J. Pla, "Hollow-core polymer fibres with a kagome lattice: Potential for transmission in the infrared," Opt. Exp. 15, 7713-7719 (2007).

2006 (2)

P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

M. P. Hiscocks, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Permanent imprinting of long-period gratings in microstructured polymer optical fibre," Opt. Exp. 14, 4644-4649 (2006).

2005 (2)

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. Mangan, D. Williams, L. Farr, M. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. Birks, J. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Continuous wave ultraviolet light-induced fibre Bragg gratings in few- and single-moded microstructured polymer optical fibres," Opt. Lett. 30, 172-174 (2005).

2004 (1)

N. A. Issa, "High numerical aperture in multimode microstructured optical fibres," Appl. Opt. 43, 61691-6197 (2004).

2002 (1)

N. Tanio, "Structural relaxation and refractive index of low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glass," Polymer J. 34, 466-470 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).

Appl. Opt. (2)

N. A. Issa, "High numerical aperture in multimode microstructured optical fibres," Appl. Opt. 43, 61691-6197 (2004).

H. C. Y. Yu, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, G. W. Barton, "Temperature effects on emission of quantum dots embedded in polymethylmethacrylate," Appl. Opt. 49, 2749-2752 (2010).

Chalcogenide Lett. (1)

M. Dixit, S. Gupta, V. Mathur, K. S. Rathore, K. Sharma, N. S. Saxena, "Study of glass transition temperature of PMMA and CdS-PMMA composite," Chalcogenide Lett. 6, 131-136 (2009).

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

M. C. J. Large, D. Blacket, C.-A. Bunge, "Microstructured polymer optical fibers compared to conventional POF: Novel properties and applications," IEEE Sens. J. 10, 1213-1217 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. Argyros, "Microstructured polymer optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1571-1579 (2009).

P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Terahertz properties of a microstructured Zeonex polymer fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1013-1018 (2011).

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. (1)

M. S. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, "Variation of modal dispersion and bandwidth with temperature in PMMA based step-index polymer optical fibers," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 288-293 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (6)

F. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, S. Kalluri, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow-core microstructured optical fibre," Opt. Exp. 15, 13675-13681 (2007).

A. Argyros, J. Pla, "Hollow-core polymer fibres with a kagome lattice: Potential for transmission in the infrared," Opt. Exp. 15, 7713-7719 (2007).

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, P. U. Jepsen, "Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range," Opt. Exp. 17, 8592-8601 (2009).

M. P. Hiscocks, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Permanent imprinting of long-period gratings in microstructured polymer optical fibre," Opt. Exp. 14, 4644-4649 (2006).

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. Mangan, D. Williams, L. Farr, M. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. Birks, J. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, "Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibres," Opt. Exp. 15, 8844-8850 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Polymer J. (1)

N. Tanio, "Structural relaxation and refractive index of low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glass," Polymer J. 34, 466-470 (2002).

Other (6)

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, G. W. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

http://fiberopticpof.com/pages/plastic_optical_fiber.asp.

http://www.optimedia.co.kr/eng_optimedia_main_b_01.htm.

http://fiberopticpof.com/pdfs/Plastic_Fiber_Optics_&_Cable/ESKA_BH_Fiber_Optic_Cable_Data&Sensors/BH-2001_Product_Information.pdf.

A. Snyder, J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983).

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