Abstract

The performance of wireless signal generation and detection at millimeter-wave frequencies using baseband optical means is analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. Multigigabit wireless signal generation is achieved based on all-optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) and photonic upconversion. The received wireless signal is optically modulated and detected using digital coherent detection. We present a theoretical model, ultimate performance limitations based on simulations as well as experimental validation of the proposed architecture. In order to demonstrate the RF scalability and bit-rate transparency of our proposed approach, we experimentally demonstrated generation and detection in the 60 GHz and 75–110 GHz band of an all-optical OFDM quadrature phase shift keying, with two and three subcarriers, for a total bit rate over 20 Gb/s.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. A. Stöhr, "10 Gbit/s wireless transmission using millimeter-wave over optical fiber systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) OTuO3.
  2. J. Federici, L. Moeller, "Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications," J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101-01-111101--22 (2010).
  3. J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-G/s wireless," IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104-112 (2009).
  4. W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, L.-Y. W. He, C.-C. Wei, C.-H. Ho, Y.-M. Yang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, S. Chi, "32.65-Gb/s OFDM RoF signal generation at 60 GHz employing an adaptive I/Q imbalance correction," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2010) pp. 1-3.
  5. C.-T. Lin, A. Ng'oma, L.-Y. W. He, W.-J. Jiang, F. Annunziata, J. J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, S. Chi, "31 Gb/s ROF system employing adaptive bit-loading OFDM modulation at 60 GHz," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  6. A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, "Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2338-2344 (2008).
  7. F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. Bowers, C.-L. Pan, "Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless On–Off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 209-219 (2011).
  8. I. Sarkas, S. Nicolson, A. Tomkins, E. Laskin, P. Chevalier, B. Sautreuil, S. Voinigescu, "An 18-Gb/s, direct QPSK modulation SiGe biCMOS transceiver for last mile links in the 70–80 GHz band," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45, 1968-1980 (2010).
  9. J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, Y.-S. Wu, N.-W. Chen, P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, E.-Z. Wong, J. Chen, S. Chi, "A w-band photonic transmitter-mixer based on high-power near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes for BPSK and QPSK data transmission under bias modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1039-1041 (2009).
  10. R. Ridgway, D. Nippa, S. Yen, "Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3117-3126 (2010).
  11. H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, "Multi-gigabit wireless data transmission at over 200-GHz," Proc. 34th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves (2009) pp. 1-2.
  12. R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, J. Herrera, "100-GHz wireless-over-fibre links with up to 16 Gb/s QPSK modulation using optical heterodyne generation and digital coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1650-1652 (2010).
  13. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, I. T. Monroy, "High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75 to 110 GHz band employing all-optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810-812 (2011).
  14. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection," Opt. Exp. 17, 21350-21361 (2009).
  15. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 308-315 (2010).
  16. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, I. T. Monroy, "Radio-frequency transparent demodulation for broadband hybrid wireless-optical links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 784-786 (2010).
  17. A. Caballero, D. Zibar, I. T. Monroy, "Digital coherent detection of multi-gigabit 40 GHz carrier frequency radio-over-fibre signals using photonic down-conversion," Electron. Lett. 46, 57-58 (2010).
  18. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, I. T. Monroy, "Carrier recovery and equalization for photonic-wireless links with capacities up to 40 Gb/s in 75–110 GHz band," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  19. A. Caballero, D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, I. T. Monroy, "Engineering rules for optical generation and detection of high speed wireless millimeter-wave band signals," Proc. 37th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  20. A. Beling, J. Campbell, "InP-based high-speed photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 343-355 (2009).
  21. M. Chacinnandski, U. Westergren, B. Stoltz, R. Driad, R. Makon, V. Hurm, A. Steffan, "100 Gb/s ETDM transmitter module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1321-1327 (2010).
  22. I. Charles, H. Cox, Analog Optical Links, Theory and Practice (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004).
  23. D. Zibar, L. Johansson, H.-F. Chou, A. Ramaaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. Bowers, "Phase-locked coherent demodulator with feedback and sampling for optically phase-modulated microwave links," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2460-2475 (2008).

2011 (2)

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. Bowers, C.-L. Pan, "Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless On–Off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 209-219 (2011).

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, I. T. Monroy, "High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75 to 110 GHz band employing all-optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810-812 (2011).

2010 (8)

R. Ridgway, D. Nippa, S. Yen, "Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3117-3126 (2010).

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, J. Herrera, "100-GHz wireless-over-fibre links with up to 16 Gb/s QPSK modulation using optical heterodyne generation and digital coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1650-1652 (2010).

I. Sarkas, S. Nicolson, A. Tomkins, E. Laskin, P. Chevalier, B. Sautreuil, S. Voinigescu, "An 18-Gb/s, direct QPSK modulation SiGe biCMOS transceiver for last mile links in the 70–80 GHz band," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45, 1968-1980 (2010).

J. Federici, L. Moeller, "Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications," J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101-01-111101--22 (2010).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 308-315 (2010).

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, I. T. Monroy, "Radio-frequency transparent demodulation for broadband hybrid wireless-optical links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 784-786 (2010).

A. Caballero, D. Zibar, I. T. Monroy, "Digital coherent detection of multi-gigabit 40 GHz carrier frequency radio-over-fibre signals using photonic down-conversion," Electron. Lett. 46, 57-58 (2010).

M. Chacinnandski, U. Westergren, B. Stoltz, R. Driad, R. Makon, V. Hurm, A. Steffan, "100 Gb/s ETDM transmitter module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1321-1327 (2010).

2009 (4)

A. Beling, J. Campbell, "InP-based high-speed photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 343-355 (2009).

J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-G/s wireless," IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104-112 (2009).

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, Y.-S. Wu, N.-W. Chen, P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, E.-Z. Wong, J. Chen, S. Chi, "A w-band photonic transmitter-mixer based on high-power near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes for BPSK and QPSK data transmission under bias modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1039-1041 (2009).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection," Opt. Exp. 17, 21350-21361 (2009).

2008 (2)

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, "Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2338-2344 (2008).

D. Zibar, L. Johansson, H.-F. Chou, A. Ramaaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. Bowers, "Phase-locked coherent demodulator with feedback and sampling for optically phase-modulated microwave links," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2460-2475 (2008).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Caballero, D. Zibar, I. T. Monroy, "Digital coherent detection of multi-gigabit 40 GHz carrier frequency radio-over-fibre signals using photonic down-conversion," Electron. Lett. 46, 57-58 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Chacinnandski, U. Westergren, B. Stoltz, R. Driad, R. Makon, V. Hurm, A. Steffan, "100 Gb/s ETDM transmitter module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1321-1327 (2010).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

I. Sarkas, S. Nicolson, A. Tomkins, E. Laskin, P. Chevalier, B. Sautreuil, S. Voinigescu, "An 18-Gb/s, direct QPSK modulation SiGe biCMOS transceiver for last mile links in the 70–80 GHz band," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45, 1968-1980 (2010).

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-G/s wireless," IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104-112 (2009).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. Bowers, C.-L. Pan, "Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless On–Off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 209-219 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, J. Herrera, "100-GHz wireless-over-fibre links with up to 16 Gb/s QPSK modulation using optical heterodyne generation and digital coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1650-1652 (2010).

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, I. T. Monroy, "High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75 to 110 GHz band employing all-optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810-812 (2011).

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, I. T. Monroy, "Radio-frequency transparent demodulation for broadband hybrid wireless-optical links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 784-786 (2010).

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, Y.-S. Wu, N.-W. Chen, P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, E.-Z. Wong, J. Chen, S. Chi, "A w-band photonic transmitter-mixer based on high-power near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes for BPSK and QPSK data transmission under bias modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1039-1041 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

R. Ridgway, D. Nippa, S. Yen, "Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3117-3126 (2010).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Federici, L. Moeller, "Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications," J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101-01-111101--22 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 308-315 (2010).

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, "Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2338-2344 (2008).

A. Beling, J. Campbell, "InP-based high-speed photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 343-355 (2009).

D. Zibar, L. Johansson, H.-F. Chou, A. Ramaaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. Bowers, "Phase-locked coherent demodulator with feedback and sampling for optically phase-modulated microwave links," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2460-2475 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (1)

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection," Opt. Exp. 17, 21350-21361 (2009).

Other (7)

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, I. T. Monroy, "Carrier recovery and equalization for photonic-wireless links with capacities up to 40 Gb/s in 75–110 GHz band," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.

A. Caballero, D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, I. T. Monroy, "Engineering rules for optical generation and detection of high speed wireless millimeter-wave band signals," Proc. 37th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.

A. Stöhr, "10 Gbit/s wireless transmission using millimeter-wave over optical fiber systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) OTuO3.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, L.-Y. W. He, C.-C. Wei, C.-H. Ho, Y.-M. Yang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, S. Chi, "32.65-Gb/s OFDM RoF signal generation at 60 GHz employing an adaptive I/Q imbalance correction," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2010) pp. 1-3.

C.-T. Lin, A. Ng'oma, L.-Y. W. He, W.-J. Jiang, F. Annunziata, J. J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, S. Chi, "31 Gb/s ROF system employing adaptive bit-loading OFDM modulation at 60 GHz," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, "Multi-gigabit wireless data transmission at over 200-GHz," Proc. 34th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves (2009) pp. 1-2.

I. Charles, H. Cox, Analog Optical Links, Theory and Practice (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004).

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