Abstract

A compact arrayed waveguide grating triplexer with silica waveguides on silicon is designed, fabricated, and characterized. Different cross-order designs, which utilize different diffraction orders to cover a large spectral range from 1310 to 1550 nm, are analyzed in detail. B-Ge codoped upper cladding is used to facilitate the gap filling between the waveguides to reduce the loss and the polarization sensitivity. The measured spectra confirmed the operation principle of the cross-order arrayed waveguide grating design, with channel wavelengths and passbands consistent with simulations.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. M. K. Smit, C. van Dam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).
  2. H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Toba, Y. Inoue, "Transmission characteristics of arrayed waveguide N$\,\times\,$N wavelength multiplexer," J. Lightw. Technology 13, 447-455 (1995).
  3. S. Park, C. Lee, K. Jeong, H. Park, J. Ahn, K. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).
  4. C. R. Doerr, "Planar lightwave circuit eight-channel CWDM multiplexer with ${ < }3.9$-dB insertion loss," J. Lightw. Technology 23, 62-65 (2005).
  5. R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, M. A. Milbrodt, "Borad-band array multiplexers made with silica waveguides on silicon," J. Lightw. Technology 11, 212-219 (1993).
  6. T. Lang, J.-J. He, S. He, "Cross-order arrayed waveguide grating design for triplexers in fiber access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 232-234 (2006).
  7. J. B. D. Soole, "Use of multimode interference couplers tobroaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).
  8. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).
  9. X. Lin, X. Ma, J.-J. He, "Void-filling and loss reduction in PECVD silica waveguide devices using boron-germanium co-doped upper cladding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1491-1493 (2010).
  10. G. Grand, J. P. Jadot, H. Denis, S. Valette, A. Fournier, A. M. Grouillet, "Low loss PECVD silica channel waveguides for optical communications," Electron. Lett. 26, 2135-2137 (1990).
  11. S. Suzuki, S. Sumida, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, Y. Ohmori, "Polarisation-insensitive arrayed-waveguide gratings using dopant-rich silica-based glass with thermal expansion adjusted to Si substrate," Electron. Lett. 33, 1173-1174 (1997).
  12. L. Zhang, L. Wang, J.-J. He, "Monolithically integrated fiber-to-the-home diplexers and triplexers using a bilevel etched 2$\,\times\,$2 optical coupler," App. Opt. 48, F45-F48 (2009).
  13. K. Okamoto, A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).
  14. J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).
  15. J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002) Special issue on Arrayed Grating Routers and Integrated Optics.
  16. T. Shibata, S. Kamei, T. Kitoh, T. Tanaka, M. Kohtoku, "Compact and low insertion loss (${\sim} {\hbox {1.0}}$ dB) -synchronized arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with flat-top frequency response," Opt. Exp. 16, 16546-16551 (2008).
  17. T. Lang, J.-J. He, J.-G. Kuang, S. He, "Birefringence compensated AWG demultiplexer with angled star couplers," Opt. Exp. 15, 15022-15028 (2007).
  18. S. M. Ojha, C. Cureton, T. Bricheno, S. Day, D. Moule, A. J. Bell, J. Taylor, "Simple method of fabricating polarization-insensitive and very low crosstalk AWG grating devices," Electron. Lett. 34, 78-79 (1998).

2010 (1)

X. Lin, X. Ma, J.-J. He, "Void-filling and loss reduction in PECVD silica waveguide devices using boron-germanium co-doped upper cladding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1491-1493 (2010).

2009 (1)

L. Zhang, L. Wang, J.-J. He, "Monolithically integrated fiber-to-the-home diplexers and triplexers using a bilevel etched 2$\,\times\,$2 optical coupler," App. Opt. 48, F45-F48 (2009).

2008 (1)

T. Shibata, S. Kamei, T. Kitoh, T. Tanaka, M. Kohtoku, "Compact and low insertion loss (${\sim} {\hbox {1.0}}$ dB) -synchronized arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with flat-top frequency response," Opt. Exp. 16, 16546-16551 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. Lang, J.-J. He, J.-G. Kuang, S. He, "Birefringence compensated AWG demultiplexer with angled star couplers," Opt. Exp. 15, 15022-15028 (2007).

2006 (1)

T. Lang, J.-J. He, S. He, "Cross-order arrayed waveguide grating design for triplexers in fiber access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 232-234 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. R. Doerr, "Planar lightwave circuit eight-channel CWDM multiplexer with ${ < }3.9$-dB insertion loss," J. Lightw. Technology 23, 62-65 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. Park, C. Lee, K. Jeong, H. Park, J. Ahn, K. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).

2002 (1)

J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002) Special issue on Arrayed Grating Routers and Integrated Optics.

1998 (1)

S. M. Ojha, C. Cureton, T. Bricheno, S. Day, D. Moule, A. J. Bell, J. Taylor, "Simple method of fabricating polarization-insensitive and very low crosstalk AWG grating devices," Electron. Lett. 34, 78-79 (1998).

1997 (1)

S. Suzuki, S. Sumida, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, Y. Ohmori, "Polarisation-insensitive arrayed-waveguide gratings using dopant-rich silica-based glass with thermal expansion adjusted to Si substrate," Electron. Lett. 33, 1173-1174 (1997).

1996 (4)

K. Okamoto, A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).

J. B. D. Soole, "Use of multimode interference couplers tobroaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).

M. K. Smit, C. van Dam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).

1995 (1)

H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Toba, Y. Inoue, "Transmission characteristics of arrayed waveguide N$\,\times\,$N wavelength multiplexer," J. Lightw. Technology 13, 447-455 (1995).

1993 (1)

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, M. A. Milbrodt, "Borad-band array multiplexers made with silica waveguides on silicon," J. Lightw. Technology 11, 212-219 (1993).

1990 (1)

G. Grand, J. P. Jadot, H. Denis, S. Valette, A. Fournier, A. M. Grouillet, "Low loss PECVD silica channel waveguides for optical communications," Electron. Lett. 26, 2135-2137 (1990).

App. Opt. (1)

L. Zhang, L. Wang, J.-J. He, "Monolithically integrated fiber-to-the-home diplexers and triplexers using a bilevel etched 2$\,\times\,$2 optical coupler," App. Opt. 48, F45-F48 (2009).

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Okamoto, A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).

S. M. Ojha, C. Cureton, T. Bricheno, S. Day, D. Moule, A. J. Bell, J. Taylor, "Simple method of fabricating polarization-insensitive and very low crosstalk AWG grating devices," Electron. Lett. 34, 78-79 (1998).

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Grand, J. P. Jadot, H. Denis, S. Valette, A. Fournier, A. M. Grouillet, "Low loss PECVD silica channel waveguides for optical communications," Electron. Lett. 26, 2135-2137 (1990).

S. Suzuki, S. Sumida, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, Y. Ohmori, "Polarisation-insensitive arrayed-waveguide gratings using dopant-rich silica-based glass with thermal expansion adjusted to Si substrate," Electron. Lett. 33, 1173-1174 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002) Special issue on Arrayed Grating Routers and Integrated Optics.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Lin, X. Ma, J.-J. He, "Void-filling and loss reduction in PECVD silica waveguide devices using boron-germanium co-doped upper cladding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1491-1493 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. K. Smit, C. van Dam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Lang, J.-J. He, S. He, "Cross-order arrayed waveguide grating design for triplexers in fiber access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 232-234 (2006).

J. B. D. Soole, "Use of multimode interference couplers tobroaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technology (1)

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, M. A. Milbrodt, "Borad-band array multiplexers made with silica waveguides on silicon," J. Lightw. Technology 11, 212-219 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Park, C. Lee, K. Jeong, H. Park, J. Ahn, K. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technology (2)

C. R. Doerr, "Planar lightwave circuit eight-channel CWDM multiplexer with ${ < }3.9$-dB insertion loss," J. Lightw. Technology 23, 62-65 (2005).

H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Toba, Y. Inoue, "Transmission characteristics of arrayed waveguide N$\,\times\,$N wavelength multiplexer," J. Lightw. Technology 13, 447-455 (1995).

Opt. Exp. (2)

T. Shibata, S. Kamei, T. Kitoh, T. Tanaka, M. Kohtoku, "Compact and low insertion loss (${\sim} {\hbox {1.0}}$ dB) -synchronized arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with flat-top frequency response," Opt. Exp. 16, 16546-16551 (2008).

T. Lang, J.-J. He, J.-G. Kuang, S. He, "Birefringence compensated AWG demultiplexer with angled star couplers," Opt. Exp. 15, 15022-15028 (2007).

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