Abstract

We demonstrate the insertion of a micromirror into the core of a hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF). The micromirror is formed from a single mode fiber that has been tapered to fit into the hollow core and fixed in place using a fusion splicer. A large range of reflectivities higher than 4% was also achieved by silver-coating the silica tapered-fiber end-face using thermal evaporation. The current micromirror provides two key advantages over using a full-sized fiber splice to create a reflective interface. First, the tapered fiber tip can be coated to increase the reflectivity without degradation due to heating during the splicing process. Second, increased efficiency of input and output coupling is possible because of improved mode-field overlap with the fundamental mode of the HC-PCF. We show potential applications of micromirrors for the formation of microcavities in hollow-core fibers and for gas saturated absorption spectroscopy.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. P. J. Roberts, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).
  2. F. Benabid, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fibre gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature 434, 488-491 (2005).
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  6. S. Ghosh, "Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic BandGap Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902-1-093902-4 (2005).
  7. F. Benabid, "Light and gas confinement in hollow-core photonic crystal fibre based photonic microcells," J. Eur. Opt. Soc.-Rapid Publ. 4, (2009).
  8. F. Couny, "Electromagnetically induced transparency and saturable absorption in all-fiber devices based on (C$_{2}$H$_{2}$)-$^{12}$C filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 28-31 (2006).
  9. D. Hunger, "A fiber Fabry–Perot cavity with high finesse," New J. Phys. 12, (2010) 065038.
  10. Y. Colombe, "Strong atom-field coupling for Bose–Einstein condensates in an optical cavity on a chip," Nature 450, 272-276 (2007).
  11. A. Muller, "Ultrahigh-finesse, low-mode-volume Fabry–Perot microcavity," Opt. Lett. 35, 2293-2295 (2010).
  12. E. Cibula, D. Donlagic, "Low-loss semi-reflective in-fiber mirrors," Opt. Exp. 18, 12017-12026 (2010).
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  15. K. Knabe, "Reflected pump technique for saturated absorption spectroscopy inside photonic bandgap fibers," Proc. 2007 Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt./Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. (CLEO/QELS'07), Vols 1–5 (2007) pp. 2508-2509.
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  21. F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. S. Light, "Reduction of fresnel back-reflection at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007).
  22. T. A. Birks, "Elimination of water peak in optical fiber taper components," Electron. Lett. 26, 1761-1762 (1990).
  23. R. Thapa, "Saturated absorption spectroscopy of acetylene gas inside large-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 2489-2491 (2006).
  24. P. S. Light, F. Couny, F. Benabid, "Low optical insertion-loss and vacuum-pressure all-fiber acetylene cell based on hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 2538-2540 (2006).

2010 (3)

D. Hunger, "A fiber Fabry–Perot cavity with high finesse," New J. Phys. 12, (2010) 065038.

A. Muller, "Ultrahigh-finesse, low-mode-volume Fabry–Perot microcavity," Opt. Lett. 35, 2293-2295 (2010).

E. Cibula, D. Donlagic, "Low-loss semi-reflective in-fiber mirrors," Opt. Exp. 18, 12017-12026 (2010).

2009 (1)

F. Benabid, "Light and gas confinement in hollow-core photonic crystal fibre based photonic microcells," J. Eur. Opt. Soc.-Rapid Publ. 4, (2009).

2007 (5)

Y. Colombe, "Strong atom-field coupling for Bose–Einstein condensates in an optical cavity on a chip," Nature 450, 272-276 (2007).

F. Couny, F. Benabid, O. Carraz, "Enhanced SRS in H2 filled hollow core photonic crystal fibre by use of fibre Bragg grating," J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 156-159 (2007).

Y. J. Rao, "In-line fiber-optic etalon formed by hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 32, 2662-2664 (2007).

Y. J. Rao, "Micro Fabry–Perot interferometers in silica fibers machined by femtosecond laser," Opt. Exp. 15, 14123-14128 (2007).

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. S. Light, "Reduction of fresnel back-reflection at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007).

2006 (6)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. S. Light, "Large-pitch Kagome-structured hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 3574-3576 (2006).

R. Thapa, "Saturated absorption spectroscopy of acetylene gas inside large-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 2489-2491 (2006).

P. S. Light, F. Couny, F. Benabid, "Low optical insertion-loss and vacuum-pressure all-fiber acetylene cell based on hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 2538-2540 (2006).

P. S. Light, F. Couny, F. Benabid, "Low optical insertion-loss and vacuum-pressure all-fiber acetylene cell based on hollow core PCF," Opt. Lett. 31, 2538-2540 (2006).

F. Couny, "Electromagnetically induced transparency and saturable absorption in all-fiber devices based on (C$_{2}$H$_{2}$)-$^{12}$C filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 28-31 (2006).

F. Couny, "Electromagnetically induced transparency and saturable absorption in all-fiber devices based on 12C2H2-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 28-31 (2006).

2005 (4)

S. Ghosh, "Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic BandGap Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902-1-093902-4 (2005).

P. J. Roberts, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).

F. Benabid, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fibre gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature 434, 488-491 (2005).

F. Benabid, "Electromagnetically-induced transparency grid in acetylene-filled hollow-core PCF," Opt. Exp. 13, 5694-5703 (2005).

2002 (1)

F. Benabid, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).

1992 (1)

T. A. Birks, Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).

1990 (1)

T. A. Birks, "Elimination of water peak in optical fiber taper components," Electron. Lett. 26, 1761-1762 (1990).

1987 (1)

C. E. Lee, R. A. Atkins, H. F. Taylor, "Reflectively tapped optical fiber transversal filters," Electron. Lett. 23, 596-598 (1987).

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. A. Birks, "Elimination of water peak in optical fiber taper components," Electron. Lett. 26, 1761-1762 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. E. Lee, R. A. Atkins, H. F. Taylor, "Reflectively tapped optical fiber transversal filters," Electron. Lett. 23, 596-598 (1987).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. S. Light, "Reduction of fresnel back-reflection at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007).

J. Eur. Opt. Soc.-Rapid Publ. (1)

F. Benabid, "Light and gas confinement in hollow-core photonic crystal fibre based photonic microcells," J. Eur. Opt. Soc.-Rapid Publ. 4, (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. A. Birks, Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).

J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, O. Carraz, "Enhanced SRS in H2 filled hollow core photonic crystal fibre by use of fibre Bragg grating," J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 156-159 (2007).

Nature (2)

Y. Colombe, "Strong atom-field coupling for Bose–Einstein condensates in an optical cavity on a chip," Nature 450, 272-276 (2007).

F. Benabid, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fibre gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature 434, 488-491 (2005).

New J. Phys. (1)

D. Hunger, "A fiber Fabry–Perot cavity with high finesse," New J. Phys. 12, (2010) 065038.

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Couny, "Electromagnetically induced transparency and saturable absorption in all-fiber devices based on 12C2H2-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 28-31 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

F. Benabid, "Electromagnetically-induced transparency grid in acetylene-filled hollow-core PCF," Opt. Exp. 13, 5694-5703 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (1)

P. S. Light, F. Couny, F. Benabid, "Low optical insertion-loss and vacuum-pressure all-fiber acetylene cell based on hollow core PCF," Opt. Lett. 31, 2538-2540 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Couny, "Electromagnetically induced transparency and saturable absorption in all-fiber devices based on (C$_{2}$H$_{2}$)-$^{12}$C filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 28-31 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (3)

P. J. Roberts, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).

Y. J. Rao, "Micro Fabry–Perot interferometers in silica fibers machined by femtosecond laser," Opt. Exp. 15, 14123-14128 (2007).

E. Cibula, D. Donlagic, "Low-loss semi-reflective in-fiber mirrors," Opt. Exp. 18, 12017-12026 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Ghosh, "Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic BandGap Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902-1-093902-4 (2005).

Science (1)

F. Benabid, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).

Other (1)

K. Knabe, "Reflected pump technique for saturated absorption spectroscopy inside photonic bandgap fibers," Proc. 2007 Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt./Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. (CLEO/QELS'07), Vols 1–5 (2007) pp. 2508-2509.

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