Abstract

We propose a novel correlation-based blind polarization demultiplexing technique for coherent optical communication systems. The basic procedure involves the blind estimation of various channel parameters through correlation analysis, and resolving ambiguities using pilot symbols. In a 56 Gb/s/polarizaton multiplexing transmission system employing quadrature phase-shift keying, for both symbol-rate sampling and double symbol-rate sampling, the proposed algorithm achieves the same performance as that of the receiver with known channel parameters and significantly outperforms the constant modulus algorithm.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, "DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3614-3622 (2009).
  2. H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).
  3. M. Secondini, "Optical equalization: System modeling and performance evaluation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4013-4021 (2006).
  4. G. Katz, D. Sadot, J. Tabrikian, "Electrical dispersion compensation equalizers in optical direct- and coherent-detection systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 2045-2050 (2006).
  5. I. Fatadin, D. Ives, S. Savory, "Blind equalization and carrier phase recovery in a 16-QAM optical coherent system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3042-3049 (2009).
  6. I. Roudas, A. Vgenis, C. S. Petrou, D. Toumpakaris, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, J. Downie, Y. Mauro, S. Raghavan, "Optimal polarization demultiplexing for coherent optical communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1121-1134 (2010).
  7. P. Comon, "Independent component analysis, a new concept?," Signal Process. 36, 287-314 (1994).
  8. H. Zhang, Z. Tao, L. Liu, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. Rasmussen, "Polarization demultiplexing based on independent component analysis in optical coherent receivers," presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008).
  9. P. Johannisson, H. Wymeersch, M. Sjodin, A. S. Tan, E. A. , P. Andrekson, K. Magnus, "Convergence comparison of CMA and ICA for blind polarization demultiplexing of QPSK and 16-QAM signals," presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) TorinoItaly (2010).
  10. X. Xie, F. Yaman, X. Zhou, G. Li, "Polarization demultiplexing by independent component analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 805-807 (2010).
  11. A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, D. A. Atlas, D. G. Daut, "Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 704-709 (1988).
  12. N. Cvijetic, S. Wilson, D. Qian, "System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2118-2127 (2008).
  13. S. Ten, M. Edwards, An Introduction to Fundamentals of PMD in Fibers www.corning.com/WorkArea/downloadasset.aspx?id=7827.
  14. X. Zhou, J. Yu, "Multi-level multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3641-3653 (2009).
  15. I. Fatadin, D. Ives, S. J. Savory, "Blind equalization and carrier phase recovery in a 16-QAM optical coherent system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3042-3049 (2009).
  16. N. Kaneda, A. Leven, "Coherent polarization-division-multiplexed QPSK receiver with fractionally spaced CMA for PMD compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 203-205 (2009).

2010 (2)

I. Roudas, A. Vgenis, C. S. Petrou, D. Toumpakaris, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, J. Downie, Y. Mauro, S. Raghavan, "Optimal polarization demultiplexing for coherent optical communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1121-1134 (2010).

X. Xie, F. Yaman, X. Zhou, G. Li, "Polarization demultiplexing by independent component analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 805-807 (2010).

2009 (5)

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, "DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3614-3622 (2009).

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, S. Savory, "Blind equalization and carrier phase recovery in a 16-QAM optical coherent system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3042-3049 (2009).

X. Zhou, J. Yu, "Multi-level multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3641-3653 (2009).

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, S. J. Savory, "Blind equalization and carrier phase recovery in a 16-QAM optical coherent system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3042-3049 (2009).

N. Kaneda, A. Leven, "Coherent polarization-division-multiplexed QPSK receiver with fractionally spaced CMA for PMD compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 203-205 (2009).

2008 (2)

N. Cvijetic, S. Wilson, D. Qian, "System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2118-2127 (2008).

H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).

2006 (2)

M. Secondini, "Optical equalization: System modeling and performance evaluation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4013-4021 (2006).

G. Katz, D. Sadot, J. Tabrikian, "Electrical dispersion compensation equalizers in optical direct- and coherent-detection systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 2045-2050 (2006).

1994 (1)

P. Comon, "Independent component analysis, a new concept?," Signal Process. 36, 287-314 (1994).

1988 (1)

A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, D. A. Atlas, D. G. Daut, "Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 704-709 (1988).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

G. Katz, D. Sadot, J. Tabrikian, "Electrical dispersion compensation equalizers in optical direct- and coherent-detection systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 2045-2050 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

X. Xie, F. Yaman, X. Zhou, G. Li, "Polarization demultiplexing by independent component analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 805-807 (2010).

N. Kaneda, A. Leven, "Coherent polarization-division-multiplexed QPSK receiver with fractionally spaced CMA for PMD compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 203-205 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, D. A. Atlas, D. G. Daut, "Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 704-709 (1988).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

N. Cvijetic, S. Wilson, D. Qian, "System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2118-2127 (2008).

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, S. Savory, "Blind equalization and carrier phase recovery in a 16-QAM optical coherent system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3042-3049 (2009).

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, S. J. Savory, "Blind equalization and carrier phase recovery in a 16-QAM optical coherent system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3042-3049 (2009).

M. Secondini, "Optical equalization: System modeling and performance evaluation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4013-4021 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

X. Zhou, J. Yu, "Multi-level multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3641-3653 (2009).

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, "DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3614-3622 (2009).

H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).

I. Roudas, A. Vgenis, C. S. Petrou, D. Toumpakaris, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, J. Downie, Y. Mauro, S. Raghavan, "Optimal polarization demultiplexing for coherent optical communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1121-1134 (2010).

Signal Process. (1)

P. Comon, "Independent component analysis, a new concept?," Signal Process. 36, 287-314 (1994).

Other (3)

H. Zhang, Z. Tao, L. Liu, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. Rasmussen, "Polarization demultiplexing based on independent component analysis in optical coherent receivers," presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008).

P. Johannisson, H. Wymeersch, M. Sjodin, A. S. Tan, E. A. , P. Andrekson, K. Magnus, "Convergence comparison of CMA and ICA for blind polarization demultiplexing of QPSK and 16-QAM signals," presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) TorinoItaly (2010).

S. Ten, M. Edwards, An Introduction to Fundamentals of PMD in Fibers www.corning.com/WorkArea/downloadasset.aspx?id=7827.

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