Abstract

In wavelength-switched optical networks (WSONs), quality of transmission (QoT) has to be guaranteed during lightpath provisioning. In multibit-rate WSONs, this task is complicated by the coexistence of optical connections operating at different bit-rates and modulation formats. The major issue consists in accounting for the severe impairments due to cross-phase modulation (XPM) induced by 10 Gb/s lightpaths on neighbor 40 or 100 Gb/s lightpaths. In this paper, QoT modeling is first reviewed for 10, 40, and 100 Gb/s transmission according to the adopted modulation format and detection type. In addition, a Gaussian approximation to compute the bit error rate of differential quadrature phase-shift keying (DQPSK) and QPSK signals is proposed, as well as closed formulas to compute the nonlinear phase noise variance due to XPM. Also, discussions about the XPM cumulation over spans in a WSON and how XPM can be considered in a dynamic network are provided. Then, four lightpath provisioning schemes are proposed to effectively account for QoT and, in particular, for XPM. The schemes differently exploit: 1) augmented spectral separation among lightpaths at different bit rates; 2) XPM worst-case scenario; and 3) current and novel generalized multiprotocol label switching extensions. The performance of the proposed schemes is evaluated through simulations in several multibit-rate scenarios. Results show that the proposed schemes provide effective network resource utilization while guaranteeing the adequate QoT to lightpaths at any bit rate.

© 2011 IEEE

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2010 (2)

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, B. Mukherjee, "Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 466-475 (2010).

R. Martinez, R. Casellas, R. Muoz, T. Tsuritani, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).

2009 (7)

Y. Pointurier, M. Brandt-Pearce, S. Subramaniam, "Analysis of blocking probability in noise- and cross-talk-impaired all-optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (JOCN) 1, 543-554 (2009).

E. Forestieri, M. Secondini, "On the error probability evaluation in lightwave systems with optical amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 706-717 (2009).

N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, I. Cerutti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, "GMPLS-controlled dynamic translucent optical networks," IEEE Netw. 23, 34-40 (2009).

M. Secondini, E. Forestieri, C. R. Menyuk, "A combined regular-logarithmic perturbation method for signal-noise interaction in amplified optical systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3358-3369 (2009).

M. S. Alfiad, "111-Gb/s transmission over 1040-km field-deployed fiber with 10G/40G neighbors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 615-617 (2009).

G. Colavolpe, T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Robust multilevel coherent optical systems with linear processing at the receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2357-2369 (2009).

A. Bononi, M. Bertolini, P. Serena, G. Bellotti, "Cross-phase modulation induced by OOK channels on higher-rate DQPSK and coherent QPSK channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3974-3983 (2009).

2008 (3)

F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. Le Rouzic, J. Poirrier, "Enhancing GMPLS signaling protocol for encompassing quality of transmission (QoT) in all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3318-3328 (2008).

A. Morea, N. Brogard, F. Leplingard, J. Antona, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, D. Bayart, "QoT function and A* routing: An optimized combination for connection search in translucent networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 42-61 (2008).

S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, "Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networking," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 321-350 (2008).

2006 (1)

C. R. Menyuk, B. S. Marks, "Interaction of polarization mode dispersion and nonlinearity in optical fiber transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2806-2826 (2006).

2005 (1)

Y. Huang, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 982-993 (2005).

2004 (2)

K.-P. Ho, "Error probability of DPSK signals with cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 421-427 (2004).

E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Exact analytical evaluation of second-order PMD impact on the outage probability for a compensated system," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 988-996 (2004).

2003 (1)

D. Penninckx, C. Perret, "New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).

2001 (1)

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, R. Tkach, "Issues for routing in the optical layer," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

1991 (1)

P. Humblet, M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1576-1582 (1991).

1990 (1)

1984 (1)

G. Nicholson, "Probability of error for optical heterodyne dpsk system with quantum phase noise," Electron. Lett. 20, 1005-1007 (1984).

1981 (1)

N. Blachman, "The effect of phase error on DPSK error probability," IEEE Trans. Commun. 29, 364-365 (1981).

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Nicholson, "Probability of error for optical heterodyne dpsk system with quantum phase noise," Electron. Lett. 20, 1005-1007 (1984).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. S. Alfiad, "111-Gb/s transmission over 1040-km field-deployed fiber with 10G/40G neighbors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 615-617 (2009).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, R. Tkach, "Issues for routing in the optical layer," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K.-P. Ho, "Error probability of DPSK signals with cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 421-427 (2004).

IEEE Netw. (1)

N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, I. Cerutti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, "GMPLS-controlled dynamic translucent optical networks," IEEE Netw. 23, 34-40 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Penninckx, C. Perret, "New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

N. Blachman, "The effect of phase error on DPSK error probability," IEEE Trans. Commun. 29, 364-365 (1981).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (JOCN) (1)

Y. Pointurier, M. Brandt-Pearce, S. Subramaniam, "Analysis of blocking probability in noise- and cross-talk-impaired all-optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (JOCN) 1, 543-554 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. Le Rouzic, J. Poirrier, "Enhancing GMPLS signaling protocol for encompassing quality of transmission (QoT) in all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3318-3328 (2008).

E. Forestieri, M. Secondini, "On the error probability evaluation in lightwave systems with optical amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 706-717 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

P. Humblet, M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1576-1582 (1991).

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, B. Mukherjee, "Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 466-475 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

G. Colavolpe, T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Robust multilevel coherent optical systems with linear processing at the receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2357-2369 (2009).

A. Bononi, M. Bertolini, P. Serena, G. Bellotti, "Cross-phase modulation induced by OOK channels on higher-rate DQPSK and coherent QPSK channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3974-3983 (2009).

Y. Huang, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 982-993 (2005).

R. Martinez, R. Casellas, R. Muoz, T. Tsuritani, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).

E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Exact analytical evaluation of second-order PMD impact on the outage probability for a compensated system," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 988-996 (2004).

M. Secondini, E. Forestieri, C. R. Menyuk, "A combined regular-logarithmic perturbation method for signal-noise interaction in amplified optical systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3358-3369 (2009).

C. R. Menyuk, B. S. Marks, "Interaction of polarization mode dispersion and nonlinearity in optical fiber transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2806-2826 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (1)

OSA J. Opt. Netw. (1)

S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, "Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networking," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 321-350 (2008).

OSA J. Opt. Netw. (1)

A. Morea, N. Brogard, F. Leplingard, J. Antona, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, D. Bayart, "QoT function and A* routing: An optimized combination for connection search in translucent networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 42-61 (2008).

Other (10)

H. Griesser, J. Elbers, "Influence of cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise on DQPSK signals from neighbouring OOK channels," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC'05) () pp. 123-124.

R. Griffin, A. Carter, "Optical differential quadrature phase-shift key (oDQPSK) for high capacity optical transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib. (OFC'02) () pp. 367-368.

L. Velasco, A. Jirattigalachote, P. Monti, L. Wosinska, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, "Probabilistic-based approach for fast impairments-aware RWA in all-optical networks," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC), Collocated Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) (2010) pp. 1-3.

E. Salvadori, Y. Ye, A. Zanardi, H. Woesner, M. Carcagnì, G. Galimberti, G. Martinelli, A. Tanzi, D. La Fauci, "A study of connection management approaches for an impairment-aware optical control plane," Proc. Opt. Netw. Design Model. (ONDM'07) () pp. 229-238.

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Angelou, J. Sole-Pareta, I. Tomkos, "Routing and wavelength assignment for transparent optical networks with QoT estimation inaccuracies," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) (2010) pp. 1-3.

V. Chava, E. Salvadori, A. Zanardi, G. Galimberti, G. Martinelli, R. Pastorelli, E. Vercelli, A. Tanzi, D. La Fauci, "Novel signalling based approach for handling linear and non-linear impairments in transparent optical networks," 6th Int. Conf. BROADNETS (2009).

F. Leplingard, A. Morea, T. Zami, N. Brogard, "Interest of an adaptive margin for the quality of transmission estimation for lightpath establishment," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) Conf. San DiegoCA (2009).

S. Benedetto, E. Biglieri, Principles of Digital Transmission: With Wireless Applications (Springer-Verlag, 1999).

C. D. Poole, J. Nagel, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA (Academic, 1997).

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, W. Imajuku, "Framework for GMPLS and PCE control of wavelength switched optical networks," (2010) draft-bernstein-ccamp-wavelength-switched-06.txt, Internet Draft.

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